Trust is fundamental to epistemology. It features as theoretical bedrock in a broad cross-section of areas including social epistemology, the epistemology of self-trust, feminist epistemology, and the philosophy of science. Yet epistemology has seen little systematic conversation with the rich literature on trust itself. This volume aims to promote and shape this conversation. It encourages epistemologists of all stripes to dig deeper into the fundamental epistemic roles played by trust, and it encourages philosophers of trust to explore the epistemological upshots and applications of their theories. The contributors explore such issues as the risks and necessity of trusting others for information, the value of doing so as opposed to relying on oneself, the mechanisms underlying trust’s strange ability to deliver knowledge, whether depending on others for information is compatible with epistemic responsibility, whether self-trust is an intellectual virtue, and the intimate relationship between epistemic trust and social power.
This volume, in Routledge’s new series on trust research, will be a vital resource to academics and students not just of epistemology and trust, but also of moral psychology, political philosophy, the philosophy of science, and feminist philosophy – and to anyone else wanting to understand our vital yet vulnerable-making capacity to trust others and ourselves for information in a complex world.
1. Introduction: An Overview of Trust and Some Key Epistemological Applications
The Value of Trust and Self-Trust
2. Thomas Simpson, Locke on Trust
3. Elizabeth Fricker, Epistemic and Practical Dependence and the Value of Skills or: Satnavs, Good or Bad?
Trust in Testimony
4. John Greco, The Role of Trust in Testimonial Knowledge
5. Arnon Keren, Trust, Preemption and Knowledge
6. Jesper Kallestrup, Groups, Trust and Testimony
Trust and Epistemic Responsibility
7. Heidi Grasswick, Reconciling Epistemic Trust and Responsibility
8. Benjamin McCraw, Proper Epistemic Trust as a Responsibilist Virtue
9. Alessandra Tanesini, Virtuous and Vicious Intellectual Self-Trust
The Vulnerabilities of Trust
10. Katherine Dormandy, Exploitative Epistemic Trust
11. Mari Mikkola, Self-Trust and Discriminatory Speech
List of Contributors
Over the last twenty years there has been increasing attention on the topic of trust. While trust first became a subject to in-depth research in the 1950s it has continued to grow, first slowly and then more rapidly especially over in the last two decades. It is an area that crosses disciplinary boundaries – from science and biology into social science single and multi-disciplines, including economics, psychology, sociology, and organizational behavior, etc.
In addition aside from the attention received from academics, it is also a topic that has growing interests from the Public, business and other institutions, including regulators and Governments. Routledge Studies in Trust Research seeks to build on and extend the field in a timely manner and will showcase the breadth and scope of the field.
This series aims to take forward a number of areas, providing authors the opportunity to take the next steps for the field, with a consolidation and summary of their area of interest, and then to extend the field with their new conceptualizations and empirical findings. This is a vibrant and important field with significant messages and insights and the research books in this series will allow authors more space to develop their new ideas and understanding. They will therefore be a resource among faculty, researchers, graduate students and undergraduates, but also to the wider community of thought- leaders, regulators and advisors not just to trust researchers, but also to the related disciplines of management science, economics, and political science.