1st Edition

Truth, Reparations and Social Cohesion Transitional Justice Lessons from Peru

By Elisabeth Bunselmeyer Copyright 2020
    240 Pages 1 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    240 Pages 1 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    This book addresses the effectiveness of transitional justice mechanisms for repairing social cohesion.

    Truth commissions and reparation programs are implemented worldwide to enhance social cohesion, peace and democracy in post-conflict settings. Most claims about transitional justice measures are, however, normatively and not empirically based.The book questions whether attention from a truth and reconciliation commission can truly change the lives of the violence-affected people and whether monetary compensations or communal projects in form of milk cows can ever truly "repair" the harm suffered. The within-country comparative case study analyzes the effects of the commission and reparation program in Peru. It studies the post-conflict situation and the development of social cohesion in communities affected by the internal armed conflict. Using detailed empirical data this analysis reveals why the "reparation" of social cohesion in Peru was an impossible task. Contributing to a broader understanding of the impact of nationally applied transitional justice instruments in local settings, the book further offers a new framework for analyzing social cohesion as one of the aims of transitional justice processes.

    Offering a detailed account of transitional justice processes and social cohesion on the micro level, as well as an important analysis of their relationship, this innovative monograph will be invaluable for transitional justice scholars and students, as well as for international political and societal actors who are involved in transitional justice measures.

    Table of Contents

    Tables and figures



    1. Introduction

    2. Transitional Justice and why it matters

      Repairing Social Cohesion

      Research Focus and Framework

      Transitional Justice and Social Cohesion

      Findings and Contribution

      The Plan of the Book

    3. Transitional Justice and Social Cohesion: A new Framework

    4. 2.1 Social Cohesion Indicator

      2.2 Social Cohesion and Armed Conflict

      2.3 The Impact of Transitional Justice on Social Coehsion

    5. The Challenge of Measuring Social Impact: The Quasi-Experimental Research Design

    6. 3.1 The Analytical Framework: Stages of Transitional Justice Impact

      3.2 The Quasi-Experimental Research Design

      3.3 Cases

      3.4 Data

    7. Villages, Truth, Reparations and Social Cohesion

    8. PART I Four Post-Conflict Communities

      4.1 Lucanamarca: Transitional Justice Overload in the Andes

      4.2 Chuschi: Hardly any Notice of Transitional Justice

      4.3 Santa Rosa: Reparations the "lost" Region of the Jungle

      4.4. Kimbiri: Transitional Justice and its Non-Importance

      4.5. Discussion

    9. Villages, Truth, Reparations and Social Cohesion

    10. PART II Comparison of Ten Post-Conflict Communities

      5.1. Six further Post-Conflict Communities

      San Antonio de Julo

      Carmen de Alanya


      San Juan de Uchuyri

      Nuevo Progreso


      5.2. The Implementation of Transitional Justice

      5.3. The Awareness and Perception of Transitional Justice

      5.4. The Impact on Social Cohesion

    11. Individuals, Truth, Reparations and Social Cohesion

    12. 6.1 Receivers, Non-Receivers and Observers in the Focus

      6.2 Victims and Non-Victims in the Focus

      6.3 Men and Women in the Focus

      6.4 Authorities and Non-Authorities in the Focus

      6.5 Getting to Know the "Contented" Villagers

      6.6 Getting to Know the "Socially-Minded" Villagers

    13. Conclusion

    Assessing the Impact of Transitional Justice on Social Cohesion in Peru

    The Ambiguity of Truth and Reparations in Peru

    The Challenge to Assess Social Impact

    The (Im)possible Task of Repair in Post-Conflict Societies




    Dr. Elisabeth Bunselmeyer is based at the GIGA German Institute of Global and Area Studies and University of Hamburg. She holds a PhD in Political Science from University of Marburg and was honoured the Christiane-Rajewsky-Award 2018 by the German Association for Peace and Conflict Studies. Her areas of work and research are the social development in post-conflict settings and the impact of transitional justice processes in Latin America