Tudor and Stuart Britain : 1485-1714 book cover
4th Edition

Tudor and Stuart Britain

ISBN 9781138944190
Published October 9, 2018 by Routledge
746 Pages

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Book Description

Tudor and Stuart Britain charts the political, religious, economic and social history of Britain from the start of Henry VII’s reign in 1485 to the death of Queen Anne in 1714, providing students and lecturers with a detailed chronological narrative of significant events, such as the Reformation, the nature of Tudor government, the English Civil War, the Interregnum and the restoration of the monarchy.

This fourth edition has been fully updated and each chapter now begins with an introductory overview of the topic being discussed, in which important and current historical debates are highlighted. Other new features of the book include a closer examination of the image and style of leadership that different monarchs projected during their reigns; greater coverage of Phillip II and Mary I as joint monarchs; new sections exploring witchcraft during the period and the urban sector in the Stuart age; and increased discussion of the English Civil War, of Oliver Cromwell and of Cromwellian rule during the 1650s.

Also containing an entirely rewritten guide to further reading and enhanced by a wide selection of maps and illustrations, Tudor and Stuart Britain is an excellent resource for both students and teachers of this period.

Table of Contents


1 The new monarchy

Henry VII in perspective

The end of the Wars of the Roses

The royal administration

The royal finances

Henry VII and Parliament

The Church

Foreign policy

A new monarchy?

2 King and cardinal

Henry VIII in perspective

Wolsey’s rise to power

Wolsey and the Church

Wolsey and the royal administration

Wolsey and Parliament

Foreign policy

Henry VIII’s ‘great matter’

Wolsey’s fall from power

3 The break with Rome

The Henrician Reformation in perspective

The Reformation Parliament

Thomas Cromwell

Thomas Cranmer

The royal supremacy revealed

The theoretical foundations of the royal supremacy

The Henrician Reformation

The Dissolution of the Monasteries I: the smaller houses

The Dissolution of the Monasteries II: the Pilgrimage of Grace and the larger houses

Henry VIII’s religion and the Reformation

4 Henry VIII’s government

The ‘Tudor Revolution in Government’ in perspective

Court, Council and Chamber

The secretaryship

Financial administration

The government of the localities and the regions


Cromwell as chief minister and his fall

Henry VIII’s image and style of kingship

The closing years of the reign

5 Edward VI and Mary I

The mid-Tudor period in perspective

Protector Somerset

The First Prayer Book

The Western Rising and Kett’s rebellion

Northumberland and the Second Prayer Book

Mary I

Protestant exile and Catholic reaction

The Spanish match


Financial reorganization

The end of Mary’s reign

6 Tudor England

The socio-economic history of Tudor England in perspective

Population and the price rise

Agriculture and enclosures

Harvest failure and plague




The poor

The structure of society


Optimistic and pessimistic cases

7 Ireland and Scotland in the Tudor period

England’s external relations in perspective


Henry VII and Kildare

Henry VIII and the Kingdom of Ireland

Elizabeth I and the Irish Rebellion


James IV

James V

English intervention in Scotland

James VI

The creation of a ‘multiple kingdom’

8 Elizabeth I and the Church of England

Elizabeth I in perspective

Elizabeth I

The religious settlement

The puritan challenge

Cartwright and Field


The classical movement

The Church established

9 Roman Catholics and foreign policy under Elizabeth I

Elizabethan Catholicism in perspective

Roman Catholics

Foreign policy

Mary, Queen of Scots

Spanish armadas

10 Government, Parliament, and the royal finances under Elizabeth I

Elizabethan government in perspective

The Privy Council


The Commons’ privilege of free speech

Parliament and the royal finances

Patronage and corruption

Elizabeth I’s image and style of queenship

The last decade of Elizabeth’s reign

11 James I: Finance and religion

James I in perspective

The new king

James I and the royal finances

James I and the Church of England

The Roman Catholics

12 James I: the law and Parliament

The early Stuart state in perspective

James I and the common law

James I and Parliament: 1604–14

James I and Parliament: 1621–24

James I’s image and style of kingship

13 Charles I: Parliament and religion

Charles I in perspective

Charles I

Charles I and Parliament: 1625–29

The Church of England during the Personal Rule

Charles I and the Roman Catholics

14 Charles I: the breakdown of prerogative rule

The Personal Rule in perspective

Financial expedients

The destruction of prerogative monarchy

The Grand Remonstrance and the five members

The drift towards war

15 The Civil War

The English Civil War in perspective

Royalists and parliamentarians

Civil war

The problems of the post-war settlement

Charles I’s image and style of kingship

Pride’s Purge and the trial of Charles I

16 Commonwealth and Protectorate

Oliver Cromwell in perspective

The rule of the Rump

Oliver Cromwell and the Nominated Assembly

The Protectorate

Towards the Restoration

17 Early Stuart England

Early Stuart localities in perspective

The government of the localities

The poor


Trade and finance

18 Charles II

The Restoration and Charles II in perspective

Charles II and the constitutional settlement

The financial settlement

The land question

The restored Church


Arlington and the Cabal


The Popish Plot and Exclusion Crisis

Royalist reaction

Charles II’s image and style of kingship

19 James II, The Glorious Revolution and the reign of William III

The reigns of James II and William III in perspective

James II

James and the Anglicans

James and the dissenters

The Glorious Revolution

The Revolution Settlement

Political parties and the war

William and the Whigs

Succession problems

William III’s and Mary II’s image and style of monarchy

20 Queen Anne

Anne in perspective

Queen Anne

Marlborough, Godolphin and the Tories

The drift towards the Whigs

Harley, the Tories and peace

Bolingbroke and the succession

Anne’s image and style of queenship

21 Ireland, Scotland, and overseas possessions in the seventeenth century

England’s external relations in perspective


Ireland under James I

Ireland under Charles I

The Irish Rebellion

Cromwell and Ireland

Ireland under Charles II and James II

Ireland under William III and Anne


Scotland under James VI and I

Charles I and Scotland

Oliver Cromwell and the Scots

Scotland under Charles II and James VII and II

Scotland and the Glorious Revolution

The Union

Overseas Possessions


New England

The West Indies

The colonies during the Interregnum

The restoration of royal authority

America and the Glorious Revolution

Africa and India

22 Late Stuart England

The later Stuart age in perspective

Population, agriculture and the impact on society

Trade, industry and internal communications

Financial institutions and public administration

London, provincial towns and urbanization

Women and English society

Political and scientific thought

Further Reading


I English monarchs

II Archbishops of Canterbury

III English (from 1707 British) parliaments


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Roger Lockyer previously taught at Royal Holloway, University of London. His publications include Elizabethan Parliaments 1559–1601 (1996) with Michael A. R. Graves and Buckingham: The Life and Political Career of George Villiers, First Duke of Buckingham, 1592–1628 (1981).

Peter Gaunt is Professor of Early Modern History at the University of Chester. His previous publications include The English Civil War, A Military History (2015), English Historical Documents, 1603–1660, edited with Barry Coward (2010), and Oliver Cromwell (2005).


'Roger Lockyer’s Tudor and Stuart Britain, 1485-1714 has been a standard text for three editions. This fourth edition, revised by Peter Gaunt, retains the strengths of Lockyer’s clear prose and even-handed analysis, while incorporating much recent research. Peter Gaunt’s careful attention to recent scholarship is evidenced by the addition of important new material on the joint monarchy of Mary I and Philip II, witchcraft, the Civil Wars and the influence of Oliver Cromwell, and the significance of urban life during the Stuart era. Equally importantly, the 4th edition has new, short introductions to each chapter, which reinforce the most important points and situate them within the context of evolving historiographical debates. These are little gems of synthesis and analysis and add a very effective new dimension to the text. In explaining what historians have seen as important and which issues they debate, these introductory sections also show the reader what is interesting about each chapter. The 4th edition of Tudor and Stuart Britain updates a standard work for the next generation of students.'

Cynthia Van Zandt, University of New Hampshire, USA