4th Edition

Tudor and Stuart Britain 1485-1714

By Roger Lockyer, Peter Gaunt Copyright 2019
    746 Pages
    by Routledge

    746 Pages
    by Routledge

    Tudor and Stuart Britain charts the political, religious, economic and social history of Britain from the start of Henry VII’s reign in 1485 to the death of Queen Anne in 1714, providing students and lecturers with a detailed chronological narrative of significant events, such as the Reformation, the nature of Tudor government, the English Civil War, the Interregnum and the restoration of the monarchy.

    This fourth edition has been fully updated and each chapter now begins with an introductory overview of the topic being discussed, in which important and current historical debates are highlighted. Other new features of the book include a closer examination of the image and style of leadership that different monarchs projected during their reigns; greater coverage of Phillip II and Mary I as joint monarchs; new sections exploring witchcraft during the period and the urban sector in the Stuart age; and increased discussion of the English Civil War, of Oliver Cromwell and of Cromwellian rule during the 1650s.

    Also containing an entirely rewritten guide to further reading and enhanced by a wide selection of maps and illustrations, Tudor and Stuart Britain is an excellent resource for both students and teachers of this period.


    1 The new monarchy

    Henry VII in perspective

    The end of the Wars of the Roses

    The royal administration

    The royal finances

    Henry VII and Parliament

    The Church

    Foreign policy

    A new monarchy?

    2 King and cardinal

    Henry VIII in perspective

    Wolsey’s rise to power

    Wolsey and the Church

    Wolsey and the royal administration

    Wolsey and Parliament

    Foreign policy

    Henry VIII’s ‘great matter’

    Wolsey’s fall from power

    3 The break with Rome

    The Henrician Reformation in perspective

    The Reformation Parliament

    Thomas Cromwell

    Thomas Cranmer

    The royal supremacy revealed

    The theoretical foundations of the royal supremacy

    The Henrician Reformation

    The Dissolution of the Monasteries I: the smaller houses

    The Dissolution of the Monasteries II: the Pilgrimage of Grace and the larger houses

    Henry VIII’s religion and the Reformation

    4 Henry VIII’s government

    The ‘Tudor Revolution in Government’ in perspective

    Court, Council and Chamber

    The secretaryship

    Financial administration

    The government of the localities and the regions


    Cromwell as chief minister and his fall

    Henry VIII’s image and style of kingship

    The closing years of the reign

    5 Edward VI and Mary I

    The mid-Tudor period in perspective

    Protector Somerset

    The First Prayer Book

    The Western Rising and Kett’s rebellion

    Northumberland and the Second Prayer Book

    Mary I

    Protestant exile and Catholic reaction

    The Spanish match


    Financial reorganization

    The end of Mary’s reign

    6 Tudor England

    The socio-economic history of Tudor England in perspective

    Population and the price rise

    Agriculture and enclosures

    Harvest failure and plague




    The poor

    The structure of society


    Optimistic and pessimistic cases

    7 Ireland and Scotland in the Tudor period

    England’s external relations in perspective


    Henry VII and Kildare

    Henry VIII and the Kingdom of Ireland

    Elizabeth I and the Irish Rebellion


    James IV

    James V

    English intervention in Scotland

    James VI

    The creation of a ‘multiple kingdom’

    8 Elizabeth I and the Church of England

    Elizabeth I in perspective

    Elizabeth I

    The religious settlement

    The puritan challenge

    Cartwright and Field


    The classical movement

    The Church established

    9 Roman Catholics and foreign policy under Elizabeth I

    Elizabethan Catholicism in perspective

    Roman Catholics

    Foreign policy

    Mary, Queen of Scots

    Spanish armadas

    10 Government, Parliament, and the royal finances under Elizabeth I

    Elizabethan government in perspective

    The Privy Council


    The Commons’ privilege of free speech

    Parliament and the royal finances

    Patronage and corruption

    Elizabeth I’s image and style of queenship

    The last decade of Elizabeth’s reign

    11 James I: Finance and religion

    James I in perspective

    The new king

    James I and the royal finances

    James I and the Church of England

    The Roman Catholics

    12 James I: the law and Parliament

    The early Stuart state in perspective

    James I and the common law

    James I and Parliament: 1604–14

    James I and Parliament: 1621–24

    James I’s image and style of kingship

    13 Charles I: Parliament and religion

    Charles I in perspective

    Charles I

    Charles I and Parliament: 1625–29

    The Church of England during the Personal Rule

    Charles I and the Roman Catholics

    14 Charles I: the breakdown of prerogative rule

    The Personal Rule in perspective

    Financial expedients

    The destruction of prerogative monarchy

    The Grand Remonstrance and the five members

    The drift towards war

    15 The Civil War

    The English Civil War in perspective

    Royalists and parliamentarians

    Civil war

    The problems of the post-war settlement

    Charles I’s image and style of kingship

    Pride’s Purge and the trial of Charles I

    16 Commonwealth and Protectorate

    Oliver Cromwell in perspective

    The rule of the Rump

    Oliver Cromwell and the Nominated Assembly

    The Protectorate

    Towards the Restoration

    17 Early Stuart England

    Early Stuart localities in perspective

    The government of the localities

    The poor


    Trade and finance

    18 Charles II

    The Restoration and Charles II in perspective

    Charles II and the constitutional settlement

    The financial settlement

    The land question

    The restored Church


    Arlington and the Cabal


    The Popish Plot and Exclusion Crisis

    Royalist reaction

    Charles II’s image and style of kingship

    19 James II, The Glorious Revolution and the reign of William III

    The reigns of James II and William III in perspective

    James II

    James and the Anglicans

    James and the dissenters

    The Glorious Revolution

    The Revolution Settlement

    Political parties and the war

    William and the Whigs

    Succession problems

    William III’s and Mary II’s image and style of monarchy

    20 Queen Anne

    Anne in perspective

    Queen Anne

    Marlborough, Godolphin and the Tories

    The drift towards the Whigs

    Harley, the Tories and peace

    Bolingbroke and the succession

    Anne’s image and style of queenship

    21 Ireland, Scotland, and overseas possessions in the seventeenth century

    England’s external relations in perspective


    Ireland under James I

    Ireland under Charles I

    The Irish Rebellion

    Cromwell and Ireland

    Ireland under Charles II and James II

    Ireland under William III and Anne


    Scotland under James VI and I

    Charles I and Scotland

    Oliver Cromwell and the Scots

    Scotland under Charles II and James VII and II

    Scotland and the Glorious Revolution

    The Union

    Overseas Possessions


    New England

    The West Indies

    The colonies during the Interregnum

    The restoration of royal authority

    America and the Glorious Revolution

    Africa and India

    22 Late Stuart England

    The later Stuart age in perspective

    Population, agriculture and the impact on society

    Trade, industry and internal communications

    Financial institutions and public administration

    London, provincial towns and urbanization

    Women and English society

    Political and scientific thought

    Further Reading


    I English monarchs

    II Archbishops of Canterbury

    III English (from 1707 British) parliaments



    Roger Lockyer previously taught at Royal Holloway, University of London. His publications include Elizabethan Parliaments 1559–1601 (1996) with Michael A. R. Graves and Buckingham: The Life and Political Career of George Villiers, First Duke of Buckingham, 1592–1628 (1981).

    Peter Gaunt is Professor of Early Modern History at the University of Chester. His previous publications include The English Civil War, A Military History (2015), English Historical Documents, 1603–1660, edited with Barry Coward (2010), and Oliver Cromwell (2005).

    'Roger Lockyer’s Tudor and Stuart Britain, 1485-1714 has been a standard text for three editions. This fourth edition, revised by Peter Gaunt, retains the strengths of Lockyer’s clear prose and even-handed analysis, while incorporating much recent research. Peter Gaunt’s careful attention to recent scholarship is evidenced by the addition of important new material on the joint monarchy of Mary I and Philip II, witchcraft, the Civil Wars and the influence of Oliver Cromwell, and the significance of urban life during the Stuart era. Equally importantly, the 4th edition has new, short introductions to each chapter, which reinforce the most important points and situate them within the context of evolving historiographical debates. These are little gems of synthesis and analysis and add a very effective new dimension to the text. In explaining what historians have seen as important and which issues they debate, these introductory sections also show the reader what is interesting about each chapter. The 4th edition of Tudor and Stuart Britain updates a standard work for the next generation of students.'

    Cynthia Van Zandt, University of New Hampshire, USA