2nd Edition

Turkish A Comprehensive Grammar

By Aslı Göksel, Celia Kerslake Copyright 2025
    410 Pages
    by Routledge

    410 Pages
    by Routledge

    Turkish: A Comprehensive Grammar has been extensively revised in this second edition to provide a complete reference guide to modern Turkish grammar, presenting an accessible description of the language with a thorough description of the sound system, intonation patterns, word structure and sentence structure of Turkish.

    The book presents a stimulating analysis of the complexities of the language through detailed descriptions and illustrative examples. Relevant parts of the examples are highlighted for better understanding and are accompanied with grammatical glosses that will facilitate the parsing of the constructions. An extensive system of cross-referencing makes it easy for the reader to see the connection between topics.

    The book is designed as a source for intermediate and advanced learners and users of Turkish and for students of linguistics. It can be used as a reference book and supplementary material in colleges, universities, and continuing education classes, both in Turkish courses and specialized linguistics classes.

    Introduction (Second edition) 

    Introduction (First edition)


    List of conventions observed in this book          

    The Turkish alphabet and writing conventions

    Part 1: Phonology: the sound system              

    1 Phonological units        

    Sound changes produced in the word by suffixation 

    Vowel harmony

    Stress in words and phrases   

    5 Intonation and sentence stress



    Part 2: Morphology: the structure of words 

    Principles of suffixation             

    7 Word classes, derivation and derivational suffixes   

    Inflectional suffixes

    9 Reduplication

    10 Noun compounds          

    11 Clitics   

    Part 3: Syntax: the structure of sentences   

    12 Simple and complex sentences            

    13 The verb phrase

    14 The noun phrase

    15 Adjectival constructions, determiners and numerals

    16 Adverbial constructions

     17 Postpositional phrases

    18 Pronouns and pronominal constructions

    19 Questions

    20 Negation

    21 Tense, aspect and modality      

    22 Definiteness, specificity and generic reference

    23 Word order

    24 Noun clauses

    25 Relative clauses             

    26 Adverbial clauses          

    27 Conditional sentences

    28 Conjunctions, co-ordination and discourse connection


    Appendix 1 Reduplicated stems            

    Appendix 2 Tense, aspect and modality markers          

    Glossary of grammatical terms             




    Aslı Göksel is an independent scholar and former Professor of Lingustics at Boğaziçi University, Istanbul.

    Celia Kerslake was University Lecturer and Emeritus Fellow of Turkish, St Antony’s College, Oxford University.