This second collection of studies by Peter Golden continues his explorations of the TÃ¼rk Empire (mid-sixth to mid-eighth centuries), the stateless polities that appeared after its collapse, and of the Khazar Qaghanate (mid-seventh century to ca. 965-969), its imperial successor state in the western Eurasian steppes. Building on earlier traditions, the TÃ¼rks created a paradigm for state building in the Eurasian steppes that persisted, with variations, into the early modern era. Examined here are issues relating to the origins of and myths associated with the rise of the TÃ¼rks and the systems of governance in the TÃ¼rk and subsequent Turkic polities of Eurasia. The institution of slavery and its role in Turkic nomadic societies receives significant attention. In addition, these essays document the cultural interactions between the Turkic nomads of pre-Chinggisid Eurasia and neighbouring settled societies such as the Kievan Rus', Georgia and the Islamic world. Included here are studies dealing with the hitherto neglected role of Khazars in the Islamic ghulÃ¢m (slave soldier) system. Special attention is paid to the unique traditions of sacral rulership among the Khazars and an examination of their conversion to Judaism set within a larger Eurasian context.
Table of Contents
Contents: Preface; Turks: origins and expansion; A Qaracay Nart tale of lupine origins: an echo of the AÅ¡ina tradition?; The TÃ¼rk imperial tradition in the pre-Chinggisid era; The nomadic linguistic impact on pre-Cinggisid Rus' and Georgia; Nomads in the sedentary world: the case of the pre-Chinggisid Rus' and Georgia; The terminology of slavery and servitude in medieval Turkic; Some notes on the comitatus in medieval Eurasia with special reference to the Khazars; Khazar Turkic ghulÃ¢ms in caliphal service; Khazar Turkic ghulÃ¢ms in caliphal service: onomastic notes; Irano-Turcica: the Khazar sacral kingship revisited; The conversion of the Khazars to Judaism; Addenda and corrigenda; Index.
Peter B. Golden is Professor Emeritus and Academic Director, Center for Middle Eastern Studies, Rutgers University, USA