Two Spheres: Physical and Strategic Design in Architecture, 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

Two Spheres

Physical and Strategic Design in Architecture, 1st Edition

By Leonard R. Bachman


248 pages

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Explaining the connection between physical and strategic design, this book proposes an aesthetic connection between two equal aspects of architectural design: the Real and the Ideal. Addressing architectural thinkers from the broad realms of academia and practice, it is suitable either as a seminar text, a guide to contemporary design issues, or as a theoretical work.

Beginning with a historical perspective, the book looks at some of the key conflicts in architectural thought that were brought about by postindustrial change. The discussion shifts to clearly describe the forms of complexity, how these have interacted with architecture and the possibilities in fully embracing complexity in architectural practice.

Although there are many books focusing on complexity science, there are few that focus on the relationship between complexity and design and none which take such a comprehensive approach.


"Two Spheres connects the reader to prevalent philosophies explored in architectural discourse, incorporates sustainability perspectives and theories, and considers the relationship of formalism to ecology… If one is searching for a book that provides a foundation for the next fifty years of architectural theory, practice priorities, and academic reorientation, this very well may be one." - Keelan P. Kaiser, Judson University, Building and Research Information

Table of Contents

Introduction and Acknowledgements Preface Ken Hall Prologue Part 1: Scoping Complexity 1. Postindustrial Emergence 2. Scoping Complexity 3. Buildings as Complex Systems Part 2: Embracing Complexity 4: Encounters with Complexity 5. Converging into Complexity 6. Embracing Complexity Part 3: Mapping Complexity onto the Realm 7. Mapping Complexity onto the Profession 8. Postindustrial Occupation in Architecture

9. The Domain of Education 10. The Domain of the Discipline

About the Author

Leonard R. Bachman is Associate Professor at the Gerald D. Hines School of Architecture, University of Houston, USA. He has served as President for the Society of Building Science Educators and as Secretary for the Architectural Research Centers Consortium.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
ARCHITECTURE / Study & Teaching
ARCHITECTURE / Professional Practice