1st Edition

UNESCO Biosphere Reserves Supporting Biocultural Diversity, Sustainability and Society

Edited By Maureen G. Reed, Martin F. Price Copyright 2020
    362 Pages 58 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    362 Pages 58 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    UNESCO Biosphere Reserves (BRs) are designated areas in geographical regions of global socio-ecological significance. This definitive book shows their global relevance and contribution to environmental protection, biocultural diversity and education.

    Initiated in the 1970s as part of UNESCO’s Man and Biosphere (MAB) Programme, BRs share a set of common objectives, to support and demonstrate a balance between biodiversity conservation, sustainable development and research. The world’s 701 BRs form an international, intergovernmental network to support the aims of sustainability science, but this purpose has not always been widely understood. In three distinct sections, the book starts by outlining the origins of BRs and the MAB Programme, showing how they contribute to advancing sustainable development. The second section documents the evolution of BRs around the world, including case studies from each of the five UNESCO world regions. Each case study demonstrates how conservation, sustainable development and the role of scientific research have been interpreted locally. The book concludes by discussing thematic lessons to help understand the challenges and opportunities associated with sustainability science, providing a unique platform from which lessons can be learned. This includes how concepts become actions on the ground and how ideas can be taken up across sites at differing scales.

    This book will be of great interest to professionals engaged in conservation and sustainable development, NGOs, policy-makers and advanced students in environmental management, ecology, sustainability science, environmental anthropology and geography.

    1. Introducing UNESCO Biosphere Reserves

    Maureen G. Reed and Martin F. Price

    Part I: Conceptual and Practical Foundations of the International Man and Biosphere Programme

    2. Conceptual Origins and First-Generation Biosphere Reserves

    Maureen G. Reed

    3. Biosphere Reserves from Seville, 1995 to 2030: A Global Network of Sites of Excellence to Address Regional and Global Imperatives

    Meriem Bouamrane, Peter Dogsé, and Martin F. Price

    Part II: Translation and Transitions: The Changing Practices of Biosphere Reserves

    4. The Mexican Biosphere Reserves: Landscape and Sustainability

    Sergio Guevara Sada

    5. The Chilean Biosphere Reserves Network as a Model for Sustainability?: Challenges Towards Regenerative Development, Education, Biocultural Ethics and Eco-social Peace

    Andrés Moreira-Muñoz, Francisca Carvajal, Sergio Elórtegui and Ricardo Rozzi

    6. Perspectives on Growth and Change in Canada’s 18 UNESCO Biosphere Reserves

    Pamela Shaw, Monica Shore, Eleanor Haine Bennett and Maureen G. Reed

    7. The Evolution of Biosphere Reserves in the United Kingdom

    Martin F. Price

    8. Meeting the Challenge of Sustainable Development in Biosphere Reserves: Analyzing the Knowledge Used to Establish Swedish Biosphere Reserves

    Tomas Kjellqvist, Romina Rodela and Kari Lehtilä

    9. The French Biosphere Reserves: Looking for Ecological Solidarity and Stewardship

    Raphaël Mathevet and Catherine Cibien

    10. The More Institutional Models, the More Challenges: Biosphere Reserves in the Czech Republic

    Jan Tesitel and Drahomira Kusova

    11. Sense and Sustainability: The Story of Biosphere Reserves in Lebanon

    Diane A. Matar and Brandon P. Anthony

    12. Adapting to Socio-ecological Pressures Using Sustainability Science in Egyptian Biosphere Reserves

    Boshra Salem and Caroline King-Okumu

    13. Sustainability at the Centres of Origin: Lessons from UNESCO Biosphere Reserves in Ethiopia

    Tadesse Woldemariam Gole, Svane Bender, Rolf D. Sprung, Solomon Kebede, Teowdroes Kassahun, Alemayehu Negussie, Kerya Yasin and Motuma Tafa

    14. Innovative Implementation of the UNESCO MAB Programme in South Africa: Towards the Advancement of Sustainable Landscapes

    Ruida Pool-Stanvliet and Kaera Coetzer-Hanack

    15. Transdisciplinary Approaches for the Reactivation of Japanese Biosphere Reserves

    Hiroyuki Matsuda, Shinsuke Nakamura and Tetsu Sato

    16. Biosphere Reserves in Vietnam: Management Challenges

    Van Cuong Chu, Peter Dart, Nguyen Manh Ha, Vo Thi Minh Le and Marc Hockings

    17. Man and the Biosphere Programme in China: Sustaining the Community of Life over Four Decades

    Wang Ding and Han Qunli

    18. The Four Stages of Biosphere Reserves in Australia: A Retro- and Prospective

    Peter Bridgewater

    Part III: Lessons for Sustainability Science and Sustainability in Practice

    19. Integrating Science and Local Knowledge to Strengthen Biosphere Reserve Management

    Marc Hockings, Ian Lilley, Diane Matar, Nigel Dudley and Rob Markham

    20. Biosphere Reserves, Ideal Sites to Implement Holistic Approaches in Regenerative Development

    Tania Moreno and Eduard Müller

    21. Co-creation of Sustainable Development Knowledge in Biosphere Reserves

    Miren Onaindia, Cristina Herero, Alberto Hernández, José Vicente de Lucio, Antonio Pou, Juana Barber, Tomás Rueda, Bernardo Varela, Benedicta Rodríges and Aquilino Miguélez

    22. Implementation of Social-ecological Management Approaches in Biosphere Reserves in the Mediterranean Basin

    Mario Torralba, María García-Martín, Cristina Quintas-Soriano, Franziska Wolpert and Tobias Plieninger

    23. Participatory Learning for Transdisciplinary Science in Biosphere Regions: A Modified Role for Universities

    Heike Walk, Vera Luthardt and Benjamin Noelting

    24. Embracing Cultures in Ecosystem Governance in Biosphere Reserves: Slowing Down the Pace

    Liette Vasseur

    25. Unfinished Business: The Present and Future Contributions of Biosphere Reserves to Sustainability Science

    Maureen G. Reed and Martin F. Price



    Maureen G. Reed is Professor and Assistant Director of the School of Environment and Sustainability, University of Saskatchewan, Canada. She is UNESCO (co)-Chair in Biocultural Diversity, Sustainability, Reconciliation and Renewal.

    Martin F. Price is Professor and Director of the Centre for Mountain Studies, Perth College, University of the Highlands and Islands, UK. Since 2009 he has held the UNESCO Chair in Sustainable Mountain Development.

    "A much needed publication about the relevance of Biosphere Reserves as nature-based solutions that implement emerging and key concepts for our planetary challenges – such as governance and cultural practices for ecosystem management – in a continuous search for ecosystem resilience." - Angela Andrade, Chair, Commission on Ecosystem Management, International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN)

    "An excellent publication show-casing the role of UNESCO Biosphere Reserves as learning laboratories for sustainable development at a global level by linking cultural diversity to biological diversity for the well-being for humankind, including conflict prevention and management of biodiversity." - Shamila Nair-Bedouelle, Assistant Director-General for Natural Sciences, UNESCO

    "A must-read for anyone interested in Biosphere Reserves – the first book ever with an international perspective on this innovative concept and its evolving applications to the practices and science of biodiversity conservation, climate change and sustainability." - Lisen Schultz, Research fellow at Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University, Sweden

    "Maureen Reed and Martin Price, two recognized experts with many years of expertise in the field of BRs, have now edited a comprehensive book to which more than 60 authors, a who’s who of the MAB community so to say, have contributed – a volume which deserves to be seen as a new standard in the field of UNESCO BRs." — Günter Köck, eco.mont, Journal on Protected Mountain Areas Research and Management, Volume 12, Number 2

    "This book brings together a wide range of knowledge and experiences from many different authors that will be of interest to researchers and practitioners alike. It shows how biosphere reserves have evolved from a main focus on conservation and natural science toward a transdisciplinary endeavor that aspires to promote local participation and inclusiveness. It not only demonstrates that there has never been a shortage of obstacles, but also encourages and inspires to continue this worthwhile struggle for more sustainable places in our world."Jan Hanspach, Faculty of Sustainability, Leuphana University Lüneburg, Lüneburg, Germany