Examining American foreign policy towards the Horn of Africa between 1945 and 1991, this book uses Ethiopia and Somalia as case studies to offer an evaluation of the decision-making process during the Cold War, and consider the impact that these decisions had upon subsequent developments both within the Horn of Africa and in the wider international context.
The decision-making process is studied, including the role of the president, the input of his advisers and lower level officials within agencies such as the State Department and National Security Council, and the parts played by Congress, bureaucracies, public opinion, and other actors within the international environment, especially the Soviet Union, Ethiopia and Somalia. Jackson examines the extent to which influences exerted by forces other than the president affected foreign policy, and provides the first comprehensive analysis of American foreign policy towards Ethiopia and Somalia throughout the Cold War.
This book offers a fresh perspective on issues such as globalism, regionalism, proxy wars, American aid programmes, anti-communism and human rights. It will be of great interest to students and academics in various fields, including American foreign policy, American Studies and Politics, the history of the Cold War, and the history of the Horn of Africa during the modern era.
Table of Contents
Introduction: Cold War Battleground
Chapter 1: The Coming of the Cold War
Chapter 2: The United Nations and the Horn of Africa
Chapter 3: Forging the "Special Relationship"
Chapter 4: Self-Determination and the New Frontier
Chapter 5: In the Shadow of Vietnam
Chapter 6: Vital and Peripheral Interests
Chapter 7: Revolution in Ethiopia
Chapter 8: The Era of the Vietnam Syndrome
Chapter 9: The Ogaden War and the Demise of Détente
Chapter 10: Realignment and Reagan
Chapter 11: The End of the Cold War
Chapter 12: Somalia: From Colonialism to Terrorism
Donna Jackson is a Senior Lecturer in Modern History, with particular specialism in American History in Department of History and Archaeology at the University of Chester, UK.
"Exhaustively researched and argued with great sophistication, Donna Jackson has produced an impressive volume. A must-read for anyone interested in the evolution of US foreign policy during the Cold War era." - Steven Casey, author of The War Beat Europe: The American Media at War against Nazi Germany.
"U.S. Foreign Policy in the Horn of Africa provides a comprehensive analysis of American policy toward a little-examined and little-understood region of the world from the Cold War to the Somali revolutions of the 1990s. An important and useful volume that serious students of foreign policy should read and utilize. Highly recommended for its careful and detailed historical account." - James M. McCormick, Iowa State University, USA
"For far too long Ethiopia and Somalia have been written into other histories. In US Foreign Policy in the Horn of Africa Jackson brilliantly situates the particularities of the region within the broader dimensions of colonialism, Cold War, and terrorism. Though the book primarily considers the period of the Cold War and after, the legacies of 1884 and the divisions of the continent are never deep beneath the surface. Jackson provides the first sustained focus on the region in US foreign policy situating the story of ‘human tragedy’ within the global and the regional dimensions. Jackson’s work is perceptive, well-written, and based on a deep reading of a multiplicity of archives. Hitherto comparatively overlooked, the story of the Horn of Africa illuminates many aspects of US foreign policy from Cold War illusions, to regional conflicts through to the violence and terrorism that continues to plague the strategic region." -Professor David Ryan, Chair Modern History, University College Cork, Ireland