The dawn of the Cold War marked a new stage of complex U.S. foreign policy involvement in the Middle East. More recently, globalization and the region’s ongoing conflicts and political violence have led to the U.S. being more politically, economically, and militarily enmeshed – for better or worse—throughout the region.
This book examines the emergence and development of U.S. foreign policy toward the Middle East from the early 1900s to the present. With contributions from some of the world’s leading scholars, it takes a fresh, interdisciplinary, and insightful look into the many antecedents that led to current U.S. foreign policy. Exploring the historical challenges, regional alliances, rapid political change, economic interests, domestic politics, and other sources of regional instability, this volume comprises critical analysis from Iranian, Turkish, Israeli, American, and Arab perspectives to provide a comprehensive examination of the evolution and transformation of U.S. foreign policy toward the Middle East.
This volume is an important resource for scholars and students working in the fields of Political Science, Sociology, International Relations, Islamic, Turkish, Iranian, Arab, and Israeli Studies.
Introduction—US Foreign Policy in the Middle East
Geoffrey F. Gresh
PART I—Historical Cultural and Economic Interests
- From ‘Heathen Turks’ to ‘Cruel Turks’: Changing American Perception and Foreign Policy towards the Middle East
- How Big Tobacco Used Islam and Modernity to Conquer Saudi Arabia
- How Geography and Ideology Shaped US Foreign Policy during the Cold War
- The Ties That Bind: Postwar US Foreign Policy toward Turkey
- American Atomic Policy and Hashemite Iraq, 1954-1958
- Understanding the US-Israeli Alliance
- The United States’ Strategic Relationship with Iran and Turkey: Implications for Cold War and Post-Cold War Order
- American-Qatari Partnership in the Post-Gulf Area: A Mutually Beneficial Relationship Fatma Aslı Kelkitli
- US-Gulf Cooperation Council Relations in the Age of the Obama Doctrine
- When Partisanship Captured Strategy: American Foreign Policy and the War in Iraq
- The United States and Political Islam: Dealing with the Egyptian Muslim Brothers in the Arab Revolutions
- Promoting or Resisting Change? The United States and the Egyptian Uprising (2011-2012)
- Set-up for Failure: The Syria-United States Relationship
- The United States and Iran: The View of the Hardline Conservatives in the Islamic Republic
- Losing Hearts and Minds: The United States, Ideocide, and the Propaganda War Against ISIS
- An Imperial Design or Necessity of Political Economy?: Understanding the Underpinnings of a Trump Administration
Ozlem Madi-Sisman and Cengiz Sisman
PART II—Cold War Challenges
Nickolas A. Spencer
PART III—Balancing Regional Alliances
PART IV—Rapid Political Change and the Spread of Regional Instability
Russell A. Burgos
Ahmed Ali Salem
"These critical studies of US foreign policy in the Middle East cover America's involvement with the region and its peoples from the Founding Fathers to the Trump presidency. Gresh and Keskin bring together key experts from the US, Asia, the Middle East, and Europe in a wide-ranging assessment of how US foreign policy increasingly has been shaped by the cultural, economic, ideological, and strategic complexities of the Middle East after 1941. Accessible and engaging, it develops an excellent in-depth assessment of the geopolitical challenges that American foreign policy-makers face in this region during the 21st century." - Timothy W. Luke, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
"U.S. Foreign Policy in the Middle East provides critical analyses from multiple cultural perspectives of instabilities in the Middle East. It provides a comprehensive examination of American foreign policy for a strategically important part of the world that is in the midst of difficult and challenging transformations. The book is especially important because the efforts of U.S. leadership to foster global security are profoundly affected by the current upheavals in the greater Middle East. These diplomatic efforts require the participation, support, and knowledge of U.S. allies." - Andrew C. Hess, Professor of Diplomacy & Director of the Southwest Asia and Islamic Civilization Program, The Fletcher School, Tufts University
"This book is suitable for anyone ranging from a well-accomplished scholar and researcher to a budding student who is looking to broaden his/her knowledge about the US’s motivations and subsequent ensnarement, thereby seeking to further illuminate the trajectory of events in the region. Revisiting past events in writing equips experts, students, and other individuals with the abilities to re-examine the present and to prefigure the future and its effects on broader global populations." - Gilboa, E. (2021). United States policy in the Middle East: A history of challenges, responses, and failures. Strategic Assessment, 24(2), 156-159.