Japan, Singapore, Taiwan, South Korea and Hong Kong SAR are among the very lowest-fertility countries in the whole world, and even China has reached fertility levels lower than those in many European countries. If these levels continue over long periods East Asia will soon face accelerating population decline in addition the changes in age distributions in such populations raise major new questions for planning of economic and social welfare.
This book brings together work by noted experts on the low fertility countries of East Asia with an up-to-date analysis of trends in fertility, what we know about their determinants and consequences, the policy issues and how these are being addressed in the various countries. Its role in bringing together information on policy trends and initiatives of a pro-natalist kind adopted over recent years in these countries is extremely important, as is the fact that the discussion of these pro-natalist policies is set in the context of a thorough analysis of what has driven fertility so low in these countries.
Ultra-Low Fertility in Pacific Asia is invaluable to students and scholars of East Asian public and social policy, as well as fertility studies more generally.
Table of Contents
1. Very low fertility in Pacific Asian countries: Causes and policy responses GAVIN JONES, ANGELIQUE CHAN AND PAULIN TAY-STRAUGHAN 2. Explanations of low fertility in East Asia in comparative perspective PETER MCDONALD 3. Japan’s declining fertility and policy responses NAOHIRO OGAWA, ROBERT D. RETHERFORD AND RIKIYA MATSUKURA 4. The Arrival of Low Fertility in China BAOCHANG GU 5. Socioeconomic development and fertility in the People’s Republic of China and the Republic of Korea DUDLEY L. POSTON JR., HEATHER TERRELL KINCANNON AND JUNGWON YOON 6. The 1997 Asian economic crisis and changes in the pattern of socioeconomic differentials in Korean fertility DOO-SUB KIM 7. Ultra low fertility in Hong Kong: A review of related demographic transitions, social issues and policies to encourage childbirth PAUL YIP AND CK LAW 8. Ultra-low fertility in Singapore: some observations YAP MUI TENG 9. From Population Control to Fertility Promotion – A Case Study of Family Policies and Fertility Trends in Singapore PAULIN TAY-STRAUGHAN, ANGELIQUE CHAN AND GAVIN JONES 10. Fertility in Pacific Asia: looking to the future GAVIN JONES, PAULIN TAY-STRAUGHAN AND ANGELIQUE CHAN
Gavin Jones is Professor in the Asia Research Institute, National University of Singapore, where he is research team leader on the changing family in Asia.
Paulin Tay-Straughan is an Associate Professor and Deputy Head of the Department of Sociology; and Vice-Dean at the Faculty of Arts & Social Sciences, National University of Singapore
Angelique Chan is an Associate Professor of Sociology at the National University of Singapore