294 Pages 20 Color & 113 B/W Illustrations
    by Jenny Stanford Publishing

    294 Pages 20 Color & 113 B/W Illustrations
    by Jenny Stanford Publishing

    Ultrafine bubbles (UFBs) are gas-filled bubbles with a diameter smaller than 1 μm. They are sometimes called bulk nanobubbles because these are not on a solid surface but inside a bulk liquid (water). They are already being used in commercial processes such as cleaning and plant cultivation. However, many mysteries still exist with respect to UFBs, such as mechanisms of stability, OH radical formation, and biological and medical effects. This is the first book on UFBs that reviews research done on them. It is helpful for those interested in the fundamentals of this emerging field and its applications, including cleaning, biological, medical, and dental students and researchers.

    1. History of Ultrafine Bubbles
    Akira Yabe

    2. Introduction to Experiments 
    Koichi Terasaka

    3. Micro- and Ultrafine Bubbles Observed by Transmission Electron Microscopy Using Quick-Freeze
    Replica Technique
    Kazunori Kawasaki

    4. Real UFB Sample Measurements: A Few Cases
    Akinari Sonoda

    5. Theory of Ultrafine Bubbles
    Kyuichi Yasui

    6. Study of Ultrafine Bubble Stabilization by Organic Material Adhesion
    Kou Sugano, Yuichi Miyoshi, and Sachiko Inazato

    7. Cleaning with Ultrafine Bubble Water
    Koichi Terasaka

    8. Biological Effects and Applications of Ultrafine Bubbles
    Takashi Kawasaki

    9. Recent Trends in Application of Encapsulated Ultrafine Bubbles in Medicine
    Katsuro Tachibana and Hiroshi Kida

    10. Dental Application of Ozone Ultrafine Bubble Water
    Shinichi Arakawa

    11. Preservability of Ultrafine Bubbles
    Wataru Kanematsu, Toru Tuziuti, and Kyuichi Yasui


    Koichi Terasaka is a professor at the Department of Applied Chemistry, Keio University, Japan. He is also chair of the Union of Fine Bubble Scientists and Engineers, director of the Fine Bubble Industries Association, and expert of the ISO/TC 281 (fine bubble technology) committee. He is a chemical engineer who has been involved with bubble engineering since the 1980s and has recently been working on industrial application of UFBs.

    Kyuichi Yasui is a senior research scientist at the National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Japan. He received his PhD from the Department of Physics, Waseda University, Japan, in 1996. His current research focuses on numerical simulations on UFBs and other topics in sonochemistry, sonoluminescence, acoustic cavitation, and nanocrystals

    Wataru Kanematsu is a former principal research manager at AIST. He is involved in research on characterization of UFBs and UFB-containing liquid. Industrial standardization of characterization technology is another technical interest for him.

    Nobuhiro Aya is a supervisory innovation coordinator at AIST. His scientific interests are focused mainly on fine bubbles and fine particles and also on methodological issues on combination and integration of various technologies and improvement of industrial/social usage of technologies. He is also the committee manager of the ISO/TC 281 (fine bubble technology) since its establishment in 2013.

    “This is the first outstanding book focusing on the comprehensive features of ultrafine bubbles (UFBs). It covers their versatile aspects such as history, fundamentals, and latest applications, and in particular, their existence, stability, and radical formations. It is strongly recommended not only for researchers but also beginners interested in UFBs and wishing to gain new knowledge on the emerging UFB science and technology.”
    Prof. Emer. Kiyoshi Yoshikawa
    Kyoto University, Japan

    “This book is the bible of UFB research, discussing the characteristics, generation methods, and industrial applications of UFBs, as well as mechanisms of their various effects.”
    Prof. Takashi Hata
    National Institute of Technology, Kochi College, Japan