© 2018 – Routledge
254 pages | 6 B/W Illus.
From the social cleansing of cities through to indigenous land struggles at the frontline of extraction megaprojects, planetary urbanisation is a contested process that is radically shaping social life and the sustainability of human civilisation. In this pioneering intervention, it is maintained that this turbulent planetary process is also a potent space for state–corporate criminality. Market manipulation, fraud, corruption, violence and human rights abuses have become critical spokes in the way space is being transformed to benefit speculative interests. This book not only offers investigative data that documents in detail the intricate ways state and corporate actors collude to profit from the built environment; it also establishes the tools for building a research agenda that can interrogate the crimes of urbanisation on a comparative, longitudinal basis.
The author sets out an investigative methodology which can be appropriated to conduct probing research into the hidden schemas and forms of collusion that buttress state–corporate criminality in the urban sphere. Coupled to this, a theoretical framework is developed for thinking about the networks, processes and mechanisms at the heart of property market manipulation, and the broader social relationships that sustain and reward illicit speculative activity. This book concludes that researchers and civil society have a critical role to play in challenging a historical form of planetary urbanisation, marked by endemic state–corporate criminality, that poses significant threats to the sustainability of lived communities and the rich biospheres that they depend upon.
This book will be of interest to criminologists, sociologists, human geographers, political scientists and those engaged with development studies, as well as civil society organisations and urban researchers.
‘Lasslett puts the biggest crime of all – the diverse state–corporate criminality which threatens lived communities, the rich biospheres they depend upon and the very existence of our planet – under the most critical social scientific scrutiny. This is a magisterial work, gleaned from experience across the globe and which speaks to each individual upon it. It is data-rich, fecund with conceptual and theoretical sophistication, methodologically inspiring and one which frightens and angers – but, ultimately, which bequeaths real grounds for hope and tools of resistance’.
– Steve Tombs, Professor of Criminology, Open University, UK
‘You are holding a very rare book in your hands. This is empirically rich, methodologically innovative and theoretically ground-breaking. Although most researchers struggle to achieve one of those, this book is hugely impressive for its contribution on all three counts. This is a major contribution to Marxist understandings of "crime" that is meticulously researched. It shows that ignoring formal rules and norms of conduct is not merely an anti-social practice, but is part of the creative destruction inherent in urban development. In uncovering how corruption and extortion ruin the lives of ordinary people in Papua New Guinea, Kristian Lasslett makes an utterly convincing case. Here, crime is not merely a "bad" thing that "bad" people do. Rather, the crimes of urbanisation constitute a cold and calculated means of achieving class domination’.
– David Whyte, Professor of Socio-legal Studies, University of Liverpool, UK
'Kristian Lasslett’s brilliant interdisciplinary study demonstrates convincingly how the urbanisation necessary to globalised capitalism is inescapably prone to the predations of state–corporate crime. The consequent human and environmental harm is here laid bare, most effectively with telling instances from Papua New Guinea that clearly show the global processes under examination. This is big-picture stuff: analytically insightful, rigorous and nuanced, methodologically innovative and empirically meticulous’.
– Scott Poynting, Adjunct Professor, School of Social Sciences and Psychology, Western Sydney University, Australia
Introduction: The darkness of neon lights: Introducing the crimes of urbanisation
1. Key concepts, empirical backdrop and research design
2. Fictitious capital, class monopoly rents and urban governance: Theorising criminogenic opportunity structures and incentive schemas
3. The crimes of the powerful and urbanisation: An investigative framework
4. Uncovering the data trail: Accessing, handling and triangulating sources
5. The crimes of urbanisation and megaprojects: Investigating a ‘tourism city’
6. A land-grab in the world’s ‘tuna capital’
7. State-corporate wrongdoing in land and property markets: Forging an analytical framework
8. Crimes of urbanisation research and social resistance: Conclusions and the task ahead
Crimes of the Powerful encompasses the harmful, injurious, and victimizing behaviors perpetrated by privately or publicly operated businesses, corporations, and organizations as well as the state mediated administrative, legalistic, and political responses to these crimes.
The series draws attention to the commonalities of the theories, practices, and controls of the crimes of the powerful. It focuses on the overlapping spheres and inter-related worlds of a wide array of existing and recently developing areas of social, historical, and behavioral inquiry into the wrongdoings of multinational organizations, nation-states, stateless regimes, illegal networks, financialization, globalization, and securitization.
These examinations of the crimes of the powerful straddle a variety of related disciplines and areas of academic interest, including studies in criminology and criminal justice; law and human rights; conflict, peace, and security; economic change, environmental decay, and global sustainability.