Understanding Greek Warfare offers a wide-ranging survey of Greek warfare, from the Mycenaeans through to the Hellenistic kingdoms’ clashes with Rome. Each chapter provides an overview of a particular theme and historical period, and a detailed discussion of the relevant sources, both ancient and modern. This volume covers not only the development of equipment, tactics, strategy, and the major wars of Greek history – the "drums and trumpets" – it also examines the political, social, and cultural importance of warfare in each period. Each chapter outlines major scholarly debates, such as the true nature of hoplite battle and whether Alexander the Great had a strategic vision beyond conquest, and includes several short selections from the primary literary evidence.
Readable yet scholarly, this book is an ideal companion to courses on Greek warfare and society, and offers detailed suggestions for further reading and research. Understanding Greek Warfare will be a crucial resource for students of war in the ancient Greek world, and of the ancient Greeks in general.
"This is a hugely impressive, and just as importantly, enjoyable book that offers the reader much more than the usual general survey of this fascinating subject. Its pages are packed with the author’s evaluation of evidence, discussions about scholarly debates, and explanations of the evolving art of war, all the way from the Mycenaeans to the Macedonians. This is, then, a fresh new look at a topic that continues to captivate a wide audience that transcends the boundaries of academia."
- Jason Crowley, Manchester Metropolitan University, UK
"Matthew Sears has done an admirable job … Sears writes lucidly and in an engaging way … Understanding Greek Warfare is highly recommended if warfare in Ancient Greece is still somewhat new to you, or if you'd like to freshen up your knowledge of the overall context or the current academic 'state of play'."
- Jasper Oorthuys, Ancient Warfare magazine 2019
Preface and Acknowledgements
List of Figures
List of Maps
Chapter 1: Bronze Age and Homeric Warfare: Achilles vs. Hector?
The Mycenaeans and War
Homer and His "Heroes"
Homeric Battle: The Duel of Paris and Menelaus, and Its Aftermath
Chapter 2: The Hoplite Phalanx: The Rise of the Polis
The Phalanx: Its Rise, Equipment, and Tactics
Hoplites: The World’s First Citizens
Hoplite Battles: Thermopylae and the Nemea River
The Iconography of the Citizen-Soldier
Chapter 3: Greek Naval Warfare: Ruling the Aegean
Thalassocracy: The Naval Mob and Empire
Naval Battles: Salamis and Naupactus
The Navy in the Athenian Visual Landscape
Chapter 4: Total War: Athens vs. Sparta
Thucydides, Author of the War
An Overview of the Peloponnesian War
Strategy and Tactics beyond the Phalanx
A New Breed of Leader
War and the Greek Mind
Chapter 5: The Fourth Century BCE: Mercenaries and Scoundrels
The Heyday for Mercenaries?
Professional Generals and the Art of War
Federal States and Strongmen
Does the Phalanx still Matter? Epameinondas and the Rise of Thebes
Case Studies: Lechaeum and Second Mantinea
Chapter 6: Philip and Alexander of Macedon: Crushing the Polis, Conquering the World
Sources for Philip and Alexander
Philip’s Military Reforms
Alexander and his War Machine
Case Studies: The Siege of Tyre and the Battle of Gaugamela
Chapter 7: Warfare in the Hellenistic World: The Coming of Rome
Hellenistic Kingdoms and the Polis
Phalanx vs. Legion
Case Studies: Pyrrhus of Epirus and Hannibal of Carthage
Conclusions: The End of the Hellenistic World – and the Roman Republic