Understanding Wetlands: Fen, Bog and Marsh, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Understanding Wetlands

Fen, Bog and Marsh, 1st Edition

By S. M. Haslam

CRC Press

316 pages

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Hardback: 9780415257947
pub: 2003-08-15
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Description

Wetlands are an important, and sadly diminishing, habitat in many parts of the world. They contribute significantly to the planet's biodiversity, housing thousands of species of plants and animals. Increasingly, human management is required to sustain, and even create these fragile ecosystems, while global changes in climate are also taking their toll.

Understanding Wetlands explains how wetlands are created naturally and how they sustain themselves. It describes how the flora and fauna of these unique habitats are ideally adapted to their environment, and how the ecosystem copes with pollutants and climatic change. The impact of human activity such as farming, building, and recreation is also assessed. The book concludes with a look at the need for conservation and various conservation techniques.

This integrated and holistic account of wetlands is a valuable reference for students of ecology, biology, and environmental science. Its beautiful illustrations and accessible style also make it ideal for the general reader with an interest in the natural world.

Reviews

"This volume should be very useful to managers, scientists, and students interested in almost all aspects of northern forested wetlands. In fact, it is a necessary addition to the library of anyone interested in general wetland ecology and management."

-Michael G. Messina, Department of Forest Science, Texas A & M University

Table of Contents

INTRODUCTION

Wetland basics

Ideas on wetlands: fact and fable

The creations of the waters

WETLANDS MATTER

Introduction, and the World Charter for Nature

Values

Considerations of values

Wetland to Dryland: the changing from fish and fowl to grain and vegetable

Wetland products

HOW WETLANDS WORK

Introduction

Integrating wetland processes

Wetland landscapes

Biodiversity

IN WETLAND WILDS

Continuities and discontinuities

Geomorphological, hydromorphic, and similar classifications

Vegetation classification

Wetlands in the landscape

Bog

Marsh

Reedswamp

Fens

Tall herb and short herb communities

Grassland

Woodland

THE ANIMALS

Introduction

Invertebrates

Fish

Birds

Mammals

Reptiles

Amphibia

Microorganisms and fungi

THE WATERS OF THE WETLANDS

Water in the landscape

Soil and drainage

Vertical fluctuations

Sideways movement

Vegetation as an indicator of water regime

Case studies

Discussion

CHEMICAL TYPES AND VEGETATION TYPES

Introduction

Chemical types in the landscape

Plants as indicator of nutrient regime

Case studies

Chemical impact

THE POWER TO PURIFY

Principles and definitions

How fens, marshes and reedswamps (natural and constructed wetland) act chemically

Purification

Buffer strips

PHRAGMITES: A STUDY IN PLANT BEHAVIOR AND HUMAN USE

The plant unit

The seasonal cycle

The seedling and young plant

The advancing plant

Chemistry and competition

The water

The thatching reed

The maintaining of the stand

Conclusion

THE SILENT BATTLEFIELD: VEGETATION CHANGES

Vegetation develops

Sallow (Salix cinerea) carr invasion

Carex paniculata and Phragmites australis

Galium aparine (goosegrass) in tall-herb fen vegetation

The Schoenus nigricans community

Schoenus nigricans and Molinia caerulea

Schoenus nigricans andCladium mariscus

Phragmites made sparse in three other vegetation types

Reedswamp invasion of open water

A native and an introduced grass in the Camargue, France

Phalaris arundinacca and Urtica dioica in flood meadows, River Luznice, Czech Republic

Typha spp. In North America

Cladium mariscoides and Typha jamaicense in the Everglades, Florida

Myrica gale, Cladium mariscus and the keeper

Combined ills

Conclusions

THREATS AND LOSSES, PAST AND PRESENT

The major dangers

Management and loss of Broadland over time in East Anglia

Deterioration of waterfowl and wet grassland

Reedswamp dieback

CONSERVATION

Introduction

Principles of conservation

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
TEC010000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Environmental / General
TEC010030
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Environmental / Water Supply