2nd Edition

Understanding and Using Structural Concepts




ISBN 9781498707299
Published December 22, 2015 by CRC Press
374 Pages 555 B/W Illustrations

USD $83.95

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Book Description

Understanding and Using Structural Concepts, Second Edition provides numerous demonstrations using physical models and practical examples. A significant amount of material, not found in current textbooks, is included to enhance the understanding of structural concepts and stimulate interest in learning, creative thinking, and design.

This is achieved through:

  • Connecting abstract theory with visual and practical examples
  • Providing simple illustrative demonstration models, which can be used in conventional class teaching, to capture the essence of the concepts
  • Including associated engineering examples, which demonstrate the application of the concepts and help to bridge the gap between theory and practice
  • Incorporating the development of teaching material and innovative examples relating to structural concepts based on current research work

In addition to new models and examples, Understanding and Using Structural Concepts, Second Edition provides a third part, Synthesis. This considers the relationships between static and modal stiffnesses, static and dynamic problems, experimental and theoretical studies, and theory and practice. All of these relationships are linked to structural concepts. This book will be of interest to all engineers, from students to consultants. It will be useful to civil and structural engineering students, including graduate students, in all years of their courses as well as the more technically-minded architecture students and practicing engineers.

Table of Contents

Overview of Structural Concepts
What Are Structural Concepts?
Why Study Structural Concepts?
Approaches to Learning Structural Concepts
Organisation of the Text
How to Use This Book

STATICS

Equilibrium
Definitions and Concepts
Theoretical Background
Model Demonstrations
Practical Examples

Centre of Mass

Definitions and Concepts
Theoretical Background
Model Demonstrations
Practical Examples

Effect of Different Cross Sections

Definitions and Concepts
Theoretical Background
Model Demonstrations
Practical Examples

Stress Distribution
Concepts
Theoretical Background
Model Demonstrations
Practical Examples

Bending
Definitions and Concepts
Theoretical Background
Model Demonstrations
Practical Examples

Shear and Torsion
Definitions and Concepts
Theoretical Background
Model Demonstrations
Practical Examples

Span and Deflection
Concepts
Theoretical Background
Model Demonstrations
Practical Examples

Direct Force Paths
Definitions, Concepts and Criteria
Theoretical Background
Model Demonstrations
Practical Examples

Smaller Internal Forces
Concepts and a Criterion
Theoretical Background
Model Demonstrations
Practical Examples

Buckling
Definitions and Concepts
Theoretical Background
Model Demonstrations
Practical Examples

Prestress
Definitions and Concepts
Theoretical Background
Model Demonstrations
Practical Examples

Horizontal Movements of Structures Induced by Vertical Loads
Concepts
Theoretical Background
Model Demonstrations
Practical Examples

DYNAMICS

Energy Exchange
Definitions and Concepts
Theoretical Background
Model Demonstrations
Practical Examples

Pendulums
Definitions and Concepts
Theoretical Background
Model Demonstrations
Practical Examples

Free Vibration
Definitions and Concepts
Theoretical Background
Model Demonstrations
Practical Examples

Resonance
Definitions and Concepts
Theoretical Background
Model Demonstrations
Practical Examples

Damping in Structures
Concepts
Theoretical Background
Model Demonstrations
Practical Examples

Vibration Reduction
Definitions and Concepts
Theoretical Background
Model Demonstrations
Practical Examples

Human Body Models in Structural Vibration
Concepts
Theoretical Background
Demonstration Tests
Practical Examples

SYNTHESIS

Static and Modal Stiffnesses
General Comments on Stiffness
Definitions of the Static Stiffness and Modal Stiffness
The Relationship between Static and Modal Stiffnesses of a Structure
Verification
Application
Discussion
Summary

Static and Dynamic Problems
Preliminary Comments
Maximum Displacement and Fundamental Natural Frequency
Buckling Load and Fundamental Natural Frequency
Periodic Dynamic Loads and Corresponding Static Loads
Tension Force and Fundamental Natural Frequency
Summary

Experimental and Theoretical Studies
Characteristics of Experimental and Theoretical Studies
Modelling the Relationships between Experimental and Theoretical Studies
Comparison Model
Integration Model
Verification Model
Explanation Model
Creation Model
Extension Model
Links between the Relationship Models

Theory and Practice
Preliminary Comments
Theoretical and Practical Sources for Structural Concepts
Relationship between Theory and Practice
Bridging the Gaps between Theory and Practice
Summary

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Author(s)

Biography

Tianjian Ji, MSc, PhD, CEng, FIStructE, is a senior lecturer at the University of Manchester. He worked on the design of structures and on structural investigation with consultants, China Academy of Building Research and Building Research Establishment Ltd., UK, for over 10 years before joining Manchester University in 1996. He has taught courses in structural analysis and structural design at all levels and has carried out research into structural dynamics and structural concepts. Together with Adrian Bell, he received the award for Excellence in Structural Engineering Education from the Institution of Structural Engineers, UK, in 2014.

Adrian Bell, BEng, MSc, PhD, is a senior lecturer at the University of Manchester. He has worked with consultants on the design of a wide range of structures including long-span roofs and tower structures. He has taught courses in structural analysis and structural design at all levels for over 30 years and has carried out research into cable, steel and masonry structures. Together with Tianjian Ji, he received the award for Excellence in Structural Engineering Education from the Institution of Structural Engineers, UK, in 2014.

Brian Ellis, BSc, PhD, DSc, CEng, MIStructE, was a technical director at the Building Research Establishment Ltd., UK. He worked at the Building Research Establishment for most of his career, where he undertook a wide range of work primarily related to structural dynamics. A significant part of the work involved testing and monitoring various structures in situ. He was also involved in work on national and international standards. Following his retirement, he has undertaken a limited amount of consultancy work.

Reviews

"Tianjian Ji and his co-authors have assembled a wealth of models, practical and visual examples to illustrate structural concepts, many of which students find confusing. They show that many structural concepts can be understood in quite simple, physical terms, without recourse to mathematics. Their text offers a valuable and interesting supplement to the more analytical structures books with which many students will be familiar."
—Martin Williams, University of Oxford, UK

"… an excellent source for both undergraduate and postgraduate students on any engineering course. … of great value to researchers and practitioners involved with the analysis of structures. There is a very good coverage of the subject: as it covers both the statics and dynamics of structures. The book also brings together theoretical and experimental approaches in analyzing structures and how the gap between them may be bridged. This is quite unique in structural analysis books."
—Messaoud Saidani, Coventry University, UK

"This is an excellent book. The authors are well known for their use of physical models to demonstrate structural concepts and this book will make their ideas more widely available."

-- Peter Bullman in The Structural Engineer