Understanding and Using Structural Concepts: 2nd Edition (Paperback) book cover

Understanding and Using Structural Concepts

2nd Edition

By Tianjian Ji, Adrian J. Bell, Brian R. Ellis

CRC Press

374 pages | 555 B/W Illus.

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Description

Understanding and Using Structural Concepts, Second Edition provides numerous demonstrations using physical models and practical examples. A significant amount of material, not found in current textbooks, is included to enhance the understanding of structural concepts and stimulate interest in learning, creative thinking, and design.

This is achieved through:

  • Connecting abstract theory with visual and practical examples
  • Providing simple illustrative demonstration models, which can be used in conventional class teaching, to capture the essence of the concepts
  • Including associated engineering examples, which demonstrate the application of the concepts and help to bridge the gap between theory and practice
  • Incorporating the development of teaching material and innovative examples relating to structural concepts based on current research work

In addition to new models and examples, Understanding and Using Structural Concepts, Second Edition provides a third part, Synthesis. This considers the relationships between static and modal stiffnesses, static and dynamic problems, experimental and theoretical studies, and theory and practice. All of these relationships are linked to structural concepts. This book will be of interest to all engineers, from students to consultants. It will be useful to civil and structural engineering students, including graduate students, in all years of their courses as well as the more technically-minded architecture students and practicing engineers.

Reviews

"Tianjian Ji and his co-authors have assembled a wealth of models, practical and visual examples to illustrate structural concepts, many of which students find confusing. They show that many structural concepts can be understood in quite simple, physical terms, without recourse to mathematics. Their text offers a valuable and interesting supplement to the more analytical structures books with which many students will be familiar."

—Martin Williams, University of Oxford, UK

"… an excellent source for both undergraduate and postgraduate students on any engineering course. … of great value to researchers and practitioners involved with the analysis of structures. There is a very good coverage of the subject: as it covers both the statics and dynamics of structures. The book also brings together theoretical and experimental approaches in analyzing structures and how the gap between them may be bridged. This is quite unique in structural analysis books."

—Messaoud Saidani, Coventry University, UK

"This is an excellent book. The authors are well known for their use of physical models to demonstrate structural concepts and this book will make their ideas more widely available."

-- Peter Bullman in The Structural Engineer

Table of Contents

Overview of Structural Concepts

What Are Structural Concepts?

Why Study Structural Concepts?

Approaches to Learning Structural Concepts

Organisation of the Text

How to Use This Book

STATICS

Equilibrium

Definitions and Concepts

Theoretical Background

Model Demonstrations

Practical Examples

Centre of Mass

Definitions and Concepts

Theoretical Background

Model Demonstrations

Practical Examples

Effect of Different Cross Sections

Definitions and Concepts

Theoretical Background

Model Demonstrations

Practical Examples

Stress Distribution

Concepts

Theoretical Background

Model Demonstrations

Practical Examples

Bending

Definitions and Concepts

Theoretical Background

Model Demonstrations

Practical Examples

Shear and Torsion

Definitions and Concepts

Theoretical Background

Model Demonstrations

Practical Examples

Span and Deflection

Concepts

Theoretical Background

Model Demonstrations

Practical Examples

Direct Force Paths

Definitions, Concepts and Criteria

Theoretical Background

Model Demonstrations

Practical Examples

Smaller Internal Forces

Concepts and a Criterion

Theoretical Background

Model Demonstrations

Practical Examples

Buckling

Definitions and Concepts

Theoretical Background

Model Demonstrations

Practical Examples

Prestress

Definitions and Concepts

Theoretical Background

Model Demonstrations

Practical Examples

Horizontal Movements of Structures Induced by Vertical Loads

Concepts

Theoretical Background

Model Demonstrations

Practical Examples

DYNAMICS

Energy Exchange

Definitions and Concepts

Theoretical Background

Model Demonstrations

Practical Examples

Pendulums

Definitions and Concepts

Theoretical Background

Model Demonstrations

Practical Examples

Free Vibration

Definitions and Concepts

Theoretical Background

Model Demonstrations

Practical Examples

Resonance

Definitions and Concepts

Theoretical Background

Model Demonstrations

Practical Examples

Damping in Structures

Concepts

Theoretical Background

Model Demonstrations

Practical Examples

Vibration Reduction

Definitions and Concepts

Theoretical Background

Model Demonstrations

Practical Examples

Human Body Models in Structural Vibration

Concepts

Theoretical Background

Demonstration Tests

Practical Examples

SYNTHESIS

Static and Modal Stiffnesses

General Comments on Stiffness

Definitions of the Static Stiffness and Modal Stiffness

The Relationship between Static and Modal Stiffnesses of a Structure

Verification

Application

Discussion

Summary

Static and Dynamic Problems

Preliminary Comments

Maximum Displacement and Fundamental Natural Frequency

Buckling Load and Fundamental Natural Frequency

Periodic Dynamic Loads and Corresponding Static Loads

Tension Force and Fundamental Natural Frequency

Summary

Experimental and Theoretical Studies

Characteristics of Experimental and Theoretical Studies

Modelling the Relationships between Experimental and Theoretical Studies

Comparison Model

Integration Model

Verification Model

Explanation Model

Creation Model

Extension Model

Links between the Relationship Models

Theory and Practice

Preliminary Comments

Theoretical and Practical Sources for Structural Concepts

Relationship between Theory and Practice

Bridging the Gaps between Theory and Practice

Summary

About the Authors

Tianjian Ji, MSc, PhD, CEng, FIStructE, is a senior lecturer at the University of Manchester. He worked on the design of structures and on structural investigation with consultants, China Academy of Building Research and Building Research Establishment Ltd., UK, for over 10 years before joining Manchester University in 1996. He has taught courses in structural analysis and structural design at all levels and has carried out research into structural dynamics and structural concepts. Together with Adrian Bell, he received the award for Excellence in Structural Engineering Education from the Institution of Structural Engineers, UK, in 2014.

Adrian Bell, BEng, MSc, PhD, is a senior lecturer at the University of Manchester. He has worked with consultants on the design of a wide range of structures including long-span roofs and tower structures. He has taught courses in structural analysis and structural design at all levels for over 30 years and has carried out research into cable, steel and masonry structures. Together with Tianjian Ji, he received the award for Excellence in Structural Engineering Education from the Institution of Structural Engineers, UK, in 2014.

Brian Ellis, BSc, PhD, DSc, CEng, MIStructE, was a technical director at the Building Research Establishment Ltd., UK. He worked at the Building Research Establishment for most of his career, where he undertook a wide range of work primarily related to structural dynamics. A significant part of the work involved testing and monitoring various structures in situ. He was also involved in work on national and international standards. Following his retirement, he has undertaken a limited amount of consultancy work.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
TEC005000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Construction / General
TEC063000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Structural