This book outlines a new account of the tacit, meaning tacit knowledge, presuppositions, practices, traditions, and so forth. It includes essays on topics such as underdetermination and mutual understanding, and critical discussions of the major alternative approaches to the tacit, including Bourdieu’s habitus and various practice theories, Oakeshott’s account of tradition, Quentin Skinner’s theory of historical meaning, Harry Collins’s idea of collective tacit knowledge, as well as discussions of relevant cognitive science concepts, such as non-conceptual content, connectionism, and mirror neurons. The new account of tacit knowledge focuses on the fact that in making the tacit explicit, a person is not, as many past accounts have supposed, reading off the content of some sort of shared and fixed tacit scheme of presuppositions, but rather responding to the needs of the Other for understanding.
Table of Contents
Introduction: Tacit Knowledge: Between Habit and Presupposition Part I: Two Key Philosophical Issues: Underdetermination and Understanding Others 1. Tacit Knowledge and the Problem of Computer Modeling Cognitive Processes in Science 2. Davidson’s Normativity Part II: Critiques: Practices, Meanings, and Collective Tacit Objects 3. Starting with Tacit Knowledge, Ending with Durkheim? 4. Practice Then and Now 5. Practice Relativism 6. Mirror Neurons and Practices: A Response to Lizardo 7. Tradition and Cognitive Science: Oakeshott’s Undoing of the Kantian Mind 8. Meaning Without Theory Part III: The Alternative: Tacitness, Empathy, and the Other 9. Making the Tacit Explicit 10. The Strength of Weak Empathy 11. Collective or Social? Tacit Knowledge and Its Kin
Stephen P. Turner is Distinguished University Professor of Philosophy at the University of South Florida.