Unemployment in China offers a new and invaluable insight into the Chinese economy, keenly analyzing the new directions the world's next superpower is now taking.
Successfully bringing together a wide range of research and evidence from leading scholars in the field, this book shows how unemployment is one of the key issues facing the Chinese economy. China's market-oriented economic reform and industrial restructuring, while greatly improving efficiency, have also sharply reduced overstaffing, leading to a large increase in unemployment.
At the same time, further restructuring is predicted as the full impact of the accession to the WTO is felt throughout China. A further problem is that new jobs in China's growth industries are more likely to be secured by younger, better-qualified workers than by older, poorly educated and unskilled workers who have been laid off. This book discusses a wide range of issues related to the growing unemployment problem in China and examines the problems in particular cities, appraises the government response, and assesses the prospects going forward.
Part 1: General 1. Setting the Scene: Unemployment in China 2. Primitive Accumulation: Transition and Unemployment in China 3. Urban Unemployment in China: A Background Analysis 1998-2003 Part 2: Themes 4. Unemployment in China and the All-China Federation of Trade 5. Women’s Unemployment and Public-Sector Restructuring: The Case of Urban China 6. Beyond the Iron Rice Bowl: Life Stage and Family Dynamics in Unemployed Chinese Workers 7. ‘No Land’ and ‘No Wage’: Unemployment in Rural China Part 3: Case-Studies 8. Developing Labour-Market Policies in China: Shanghai’s Experience as Case Study 9. Active Labour-Market Policies in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 10. Unemployment in the Macao Special Administrative Region 11. Steeling for Reform: State-Enterprise Restructuring and the Surplus Labour Question 12. Downsizing Strategies: Human Resource Management and Organizational Changes in Chinese Enterprises Part 4: Conclusion 13. Conclusion: Unemployment in China