Unequal Cities: The Challenge of Post-Industrial Transition in Times of Austerity, 1st Edition (e-Book) book cover

Unequal Cities

The Challenge of Post-Industrial Transition in Times of Austerity, 1st Edition

Edited by Roberta Cucca, Costanzo Ranci


284 pages | 49 B/W Illus.

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Hardback: 9781138919464
pub: 2016-11-02
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pub: 2016-11-10
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This seminal edited collection examines the impact of austerity and economic crisis on European cities. Whilst on the one hand the struggle for competitiveness has induced many European cities to invest in economic performance and attractiveness, on the other, national expenditure cuts and dominant neo-liberal paradigms have led many to retrench public intervention aimed at preserving social protection and inclusion. The impact of these transformations on social and spatial inequalities – whether occupational structures, housing solutions or working conditions – as well as on urban policy addressing these issues is traced in this exemplary piece of comparative analysis grounded in original research.

Unequal Cities links existing theories and debates with newer discussions on the crisis to develop a typology of possible orientations of local government towards economic development and social cohesion.  In the process, it describes the challenges and tensions facing six large European cities, representative of a variety of welfare regimes in Western Europe: Barcelona, Copenhagen, Lyon, Manchester, Milan, and Munich. It seeks to answer such key questions as:

  • What social groups are most affected by recent urban transformations and what are the social and spatial impacts?
  • What are the main institutional factors influencing how cities have dealt with the challenges facing them?
  • How have local political agendas articulated the issues and what influence is still exerted by national policy?

Grounded in an original urban policy analysis of the post-industrial city in Europe, the book will appeal to a wide range of social science researchers, Ph.D. and graduate students in urban studies, social policy, sociology, human geography, European studies and business studies, both in Europe and internationally.

Table of Contents

1. Introduction. European Cities Between Economic Competitiveness and Social Integration, (Roberta Cucca and Costanzo Ranci)

1.1. The Crisis of the "European City Model"

1.2. Disconnected Cities

1.3. The role of Urban Policies

1.4. Plan of the Book

Part I: Urban Trends and Social Tensions: A Comparative View

2. Varieties of Post-Fordist Transitions and Labour Market Inequalities,(Roberta Cucca and Lara Maestripieri)

2.1. Introduction

2.2.The Socio-economic Structure of the Six Cities

2.3. Patterns of Post-fordist Transitions

2.4. Conclusive remarks

3. The Forces of Attraction: Cities Between Flows and Places, (Agostino Petrillo)

    3.1. Introduction

    3.2. Foreign Direct Investment and Internationalisation

    3.3. The Impact of the Crisis

    3.4. Hard and Soft Factors

    3.5. Highly Skilled Workers: Presence and Demand

    3.6. Conclusions

4. The New Social Division of the Urban Space: Gentrification in Times of Economic Crisis, (Yvonne Franz and Rossana Torri)

4.1. Introduction: Moving Beyond the Crisis in the Gentrification Debate

4.2. Setting up the Framework

4.3. Patterns of Gentrification in European Cities

4.4. Final Considerations

5. Immigrants and Ethnic Minorities: The Right Workers for the Wrong Jobs?, (Roberta Cucca and Nathalie Kakpo)

5.1. Introduction

5.2. Immigrants and their children in Barcelona, Copenhagen and Milan

5.3. The rise of a middle-class ethnic minority in Lyon, Manchester and Munich

5.4. Conclusions


Part II: Urban Policies for Affordable Housing and Good Quality Employment: Six Case Studies

6. Barcelona: Policies for Social Integration and Competitiveness in Times of Crisis, (Ana Cano, Marisol Garcia, Marc Pradel)

    6.1. Introduction

    6.2. Measures to Foster Housing Affordability

    6.3. Strategies of Promotion of Good Quality Jobs

    6.4. Conclusions

7. Copenhagen: The Social Costs of Urban Renewal, (Hans Thor Andersen)

7.1. Introduction

7.2. Implementing a Proactive Policy for Business Promotion

7.3. Housing Policy

7.4. Conclusions: The Crisis and Beyond – Facing New Growth?

8. Lyon: Unbreakable Boundaries Between Economic Development and Social Integration Policies, (Deborah Galimberti, Remi Dormois, Gilles Pinson)

8.1. Introduction

8.2. An Aspiring Competitive Metropolitan City Facing Increasing Social Inequalities

8.3. Fostering and Protecting Local Employment: In Search of Inclusive Development Policies

8.4. Regulative Efforts in the Housing Market Focused on Social Housing

8.5. Conclusions

9. Manchester: Institutional and Policy Innovation Amidst Austerity, (Nicola Headlam)

9.1. Introduction

9.2. Institutional Context: The Ascent of Greater Manchester

9.3. Shifts in Urban Policy

9.4. Employment Policy: City Apprenticeship

9.5. Housing policy

9.6. Conclusions: Addressing the Urban Policy Vacuum in Housing and Skills

10. Milan: Challenging the Private Interest Government in Times of Austerity,(Rossana Torri)

10.1. Introduction

10.2. The long cycle of urban regeneration and its impact on access to housing

10.3. Urban policies for economic development and good quality employment

10.4. Conclusions

11. Munich: The Struggle to Combine Competitiveness and Social Inclusion, (Alain Thierstein, Irina Auernammer, Fabian Wenner)

11.1. Introduction

11.2. The Perspective Munich

11.3. A Local Development Approach

11.4. Keeping the Housing Market Affordable and Promoting the Social Mix

11.5. Promoting New Employment

11.6. Final Considerations

Part III: Final Considerations

12. Disconnected Cities: Dealing with Competitiveness and Social Integration, (Costanzo Ranci)

    12.1. Introduction

    12.2. Competitive Cities

    12.3. Cities that Attract

    12.4. Unequal Cities

    12.5. The New Social Morphologies

    12.6. Multiethnic Cities

    12.7. Conclusions

13. Conclusions. Life and Death of the European City, (Costanzo Ranci and Roberta Cucca

    13.1 Introduction

    13.2. The Crucial Role of Nation States in Shaping Urban Policy

    13.3. Shifts in State-City Relationships Due to the Crisis and the New Urban Policy Trilemma

    13.4. Urban Policies Fostering Competitiveness and Protecting Employment

    13.5. Urban Policies Addressing Housing Unaffordability

    13.6. Departures from the "European City Model"

About the Editors

Roberta Cucca is Marie Curie Fellow at the Department of Sociology, University of Vienna. Her main research interests are oriented to: economic competitiveness and social inequalities in contemporary cities; deliberative and participatory democracy; environmental crisis and social vulnerability

Costanzo Ranci is Full Professor in Economic Sociology at the Polytechnic of Milan, Italy. He is Director of Social Policy Research Unit (LPS) and of the International PHD program in Urban Studies at the Polytechnic of Milan. He published extensively on social inequality and welfare policy

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SOCIAL SCIENCE / Sociology / General