The papers collected here first of all reflect Vern Bullough's concern to examine how knowledge was transmitted from one generation to the next and the impact this had on new developments in medicine and science. Universities, Medicine and Science in the Medieval West brings together the author's pioneering studies on the medical universities of the medieval Latin world, their foundation and their influence on scientific thought, and those on the professionalization of medicine, respectively the focus of the first and second sections in the volume, along with three previously unpublished essays. The third part looks at developments in medical practice outside the university, and at topics such as nursing and medical care, medieval views of women, and female longevity and diet; it also includes the author's much-cited study on the age of menarche.
’This book is well referenced and heavily annotated for the researcher. It is a valuable resource for anyone interested in medicine and the medieval period.’ Studia Historiae Ecclesiasticae
Contents: Introduction; Medical Study and the Development of Five Medical Universities: The study of medicine and the medieval university; The development of the medical university at Montpellier to the end of the 14th century; The medieval medical university at Paris; Medieval Bologna and the development of medical education; Medical study at mediaeval Oxford; The mediaeval medical school at Cambridge. Medicine and Science in the Universities: Science vs. humanities: a conflict in the 15th century Italian universities?; Science and the university in the 15th century; The emergence of medicine as a profession; Achievement, professionalization, and the university; Medieval medicine and the search for status; Population and the study and practice of medieval medicine. Medical Developments Outside the University and the Medieval Medical Tradition: Training of non university-educated medical practitioners in the later middle ages; The development of the medical guilds at Paris; Medieval nursing; A note on medical care in medieval English hospitals; Female longevity and diet in the middle ages (with Cameron Campbell); Medieval medical and scientific views of women; Sexology and the medievalist; Age at menarche: a misunderstanding; The term 'doctor'; A 15th-century prescription; Duke Humphrey and his medical collections; The teaching of surgery at the University of Montpellier in the 13th century; Medical practice in the middle ages, or who treated whom; Index.
The first title in the Variorum Collected Studies series was published in 1970. Since then well over 1000 titles have appeared in the series, and it has established a well-earned international reputation for the publication of key research across a whole range of subjects within the fields of history.
The history of the medieval world remains central to the series, with Byzantine studies a particular speciality, but the range of titles extends from Hellenistic philosophy and the history of the Roman empire and early Christianity, through the Renaissance and Reformation, up to the 20th century. Islamic Studies forms another major strand as do the histories of science, technology and medicine.
Each title in the Variorum Collected Studies series brings together for the first time a selection of articles by a leading authority on a particular subject. These studies are reprinted from a vast range of learned journals, Festschrifts and conference proceedings. They make available research that is scattered, even inaccessible in all but the largest and most specialized libraries. With a new introduction and index, and often with new notes and previously unpublished material, they constitute an essential resource.
For further information about contributing to the series please contact Michael Greenwood at Michael.Greenwood@informa.com