The book introduces Unmanned Aircraft Systems Traffic Management and how it integrates unmanned aircraft operations into a national airspace system for innovative, viable new services.
Exploring possible UTM services, registration, flight planning, discovery, strategic coordination (including strategic conflict detection and conformance monitoring), the book considers the boundaries of UTM and advancing surveillance technologies. It also presents leading, relevant standards development organizations (SDOs) and their work product.
The book is an essential, in-depth annotated resource for developers, operators, policy makers, researchers, and academics engaged in unmanned systems, transportation management, and the future of aviation.
Table of Contents
1. Introduction 1.1 UTM Defined 1.2 Why UTM 1.3 Demand & Forecast 1.4 History 1.5 Research and Development 1.5.1 NASA UAS Traffic Management Project 1.5.2 Research Transition Team (RTT) 1.5.3 Relevant Follow-on Efforts 1.5.4 UTM Pilot Program (UPP) 1.5.5 Other Important Research 1.5.6 Private Industry 1.6 Scope of Operations 1.7 Basic Requirements 2. Concept of Operations 2.1 ConOps—General 2.2 Participants 2.2.1 UAS Operators 2.2.2 UAS Service Suppliers (USS) 2.2.3 Supplemental Data Service Providers (SDSPs) 2.2.4 Air Navigation Service Providers (ANSPs) 2.2.5 Civil Aviation Authorities (CAAs) 2.2.6 Other Participants and Stakeholders 2.3 Scope of Services 2.3.1 General – Scope of Services 2.3.2 Registration 2.3.3 Discovery 2.3.4 Flight Operation / Planning Management 2.3.5 Strategic Deconfliction 2.3.6 Conformance Monitoring 2.3.7 Constraint Services 2.3.8 Tactical Deconfliction 2.3.9 UAS Remote Identification 2.3.10 Conflict Advisory and Alert 2.3.11 Contingency Management 2.3.12 Simplified Phases of Flight and Operational States 2.3.13 Additional Services 2.4 Architecture 2.4.1 General - Architecture 2.4.2 Centralized vs. Federated Architecture 2.4.3 Flight Information Management System (FIMS) 2.4.4 System-Wide Information Management (SWIM) 2.4.5 Discovery 2.4.6 Detect and Avoid (DAA) 2.4.7 Cybersecurity 2.4.8 UAS Remote ID (RID) 2.4.9 UTM Data Exchange 3. Standards-Making for UTM 3.1 General - Standards-Making for UTM 3.1.1 ANSI 3.1.2 EUSCG 3.2 Standards Development Organizations (SDOs) 3.2.1 ASD-STAN 3.2.2 ASTM International 3.2.3 Cellular Industry 3.2.4 CTA 3.2.5 EUROCAE 3.2.6 ICAO 3.2.7 IEEE 3.2.8 IETF 3.2.9 ISO 3.2.10 ITU 3.2.11 JARUS 3.2.12 NATO 3.2.13 RTCA 3.2.14 SAE 3.3 Standards-Supporting Organizations 3.3.1 EASA 3.3.2 FAA NextGen 3.3.3 GUTMA 3.3.4 NASA 3.3.5 SESAR JU 3.4 Further Standards Coordination 4. UTM Governance 4.1 General – UTM Governance 4.2 USS Qualification 4.2.1 General – USS Qualification 4.2.2 Who Assesses Conformity 4.2.3 Bases of Conformity Assessment 4.2.4 Demonstration of Conformity 4.2.5 Continuing Compliance and Safety Assurance 4.2.6 Risk Assessment 4.2.7 Specific Operations Risk Assessment (SORA) 4.3 UAS Flight Rules 4.4 Airspace 4.4.1 General - Airspace 4.4.2 UTM Volumes 4.4.3 Corridors 4.4.4 Fair Access 4.5 Spectrum 4.6 State, Regional, and Local 4.7 UTM Administration 4.7.1 Intro – UTM Administration 4.7.2 Industry Consortia 4.7.3 Business Models and Competition 4.7.4 Liability 4.7.5 Insurance 4.7.6 Data Rights and Privacy Management 5. Selected Initiatives and Implementations 5.1 General – Selected Initiatives and Implementations 5.2 Low Altitude Authorization and Notification Capability (LAANC) 5.2.1 General - LAANC 5.2.2 LAANC Concept of Operations 5.2.3 LAANC Safety Challenges 5.2.4 LAANC Safety Mitigations 5.2.5 Lessons 5.3 U-space 5.4 Selected Country-Specific Developments 6. The Future of UTM 6.1 General – The Future of UTM 6.2 Technology Innovation 6.2.1 Communications Infrastructure 6.2.2 Advanced Automation and Autonomy 6.2.3 Blockchain in UTM 6.3 International Coordination 6.4 Regulation 6.5 Advanced Air Mobility (AAM) / Urban Air Mobility (UAM) 6.6 Stratospheric Operations 6.7 ATM-UTM Integration 7. Conclusions 8. References/Bibliography
Michael S. Baum is an aviation consultant and founder and Permanent Editorial Board member of the Aviators Code Initiative (ACI). He actively contributes in developing manned and unmanned aviation standards and safety best practices. Mr. Baum served as VP and executive committee member at VeriSign (VRSN); IT security law and policy consultant, Independent Monitoring, LLC; Network Analyst, BBN Technologies (now Raytheon). Prior thereto, he practiced law in Boston. He was Founder and Chair, Electronic Commerce Division and Information Security Committee, Section of Science and Technology Law, American Bar Association (ABA); served as Observer Delegate, United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL); Chairman, International Chamber of Commerce (ICC Paris) ETERMS Working Party; and Vice Chairman, ICC Electronic Commerce Commission; served on the boards of: ANSI ASC X12; The Jurimetrics Journal (ABA/ASU); The PKI Forum; the Charles Babbage Foundation; and various IT enterprise advisory boards. Publications include: co-author, UAS Pilots Code (ACI); Aviators Model Code of Conduct (series, ACI); Federal Certification Authority Liability and Policy (NIST/MITRE); co-author (with Ford), Secure Electronic Commerce (1st & 2nd Eds., Prentice-Hall); coauthor, Digital Signature Guidelines (ABA); co-author (with Perritt) Electronic Contracting, Publishing and EDI Law (Wiley); and contributing author, EDI and the Law (Blenheim). Awards include: ABA Committee on Cyberspace Law’s Excellence Award; National Notary Association’s Achievement Award; Journal of EDI, EDI Pioneer, and LightHawk’s President’s Award. Mr. Baum is a graduate of Carnegie-Mellon University (BA), Western New England University Law School (JD), and the Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania (MBA). Member, Massachusetts Bar; previously, Certified Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP). FAA ratings include: Airline Transport Pilot, Advanced Ground Instructor, helicopter, seaplane, and glider.