Unrecognized states are territories that have achieved de facto independence, yet have failed to gain international recognition as independent states. These territories constitute anomalies in the international system of sovereign states and often present significant challenges to policy makers, as evidenced by the war in Georgia and the continued debate over Kosovo’s independence.
This book draws on both theory and case studies to better understand the phenomenon of unrecognized states, demonstrating that the existence of such entities is less unusual than previously assumed. Moving away from an overt focus on case studies, the chapters present various themes that link the emergence, operations, and development of unrecognized states and assess how the established order of states responds to the challenges they present:
- How do unrecognized interact with the international system of sovereign states? How does it shape their emergence, operations and development?
- How do these entities develop in a context of non-recognition?
- Are we witnessing a new form of statehood, or are these entities better understood as states-in-waiting?
- What are the strategies available for dealing with unrecognized states? Could power-sharing or autonomy provide a solution or are more innovative strategies necessary?
With contributions from leading scholars in a number of fields, this book will appeal not only to students and scholars of Political Science, International Relations, Geography, Area Studies, Sociology, and Conflict Resolution, but also to journalists, government bodies and NGOs.
Table of Contents
Introduction: Unrecognized States in the International System Nina Caspersen and Gareth Stansfield Part 1: Concepualizing Unrecognized States 1. Theorizing Unrecognized States: Sovereignty, Secessionism, and Political Economy James Harvey and Gareth Stansfield 2. Complex Terrains: Unrecognized States and Globalization Matan Chorev 3. International Actions and the Making and Unmaking of Unrecognized States Klejda Mulaj 4. What do Unrecognized States Tell us About Sovereignty? Stacy Closson Part 2: The Interactions of the Recognized and the Unrecognized State 5. States without Sovereignty: Imitating Democratic Statehood Nina Caspersen 6. After the War Ends: Violence and Viability of Post-Soviet Unrecognized States Kristin Bakke 7. ‘Seperatism is the Mother of Terrorism’: Internationalizing the Security Discourse on Unrecognized States Pål Kolstø and Helge Blakkisrud 8. The Foreign Policies of Unrecognized States Francis Owtram Part III: Conflict Management and Unrecognized States 9. The Limits of International Conflict Management in the Case of Abkhazia and South Ossetia Stefan Wolff 10. The Politics of Unrecognized States and the Business of International Peace Mediation: Enablers or Hindrance for Conflict Resolution? Antje Herrberg 11. Reintegrating Unrecognized States: Internationalizing Frozen Conflicts Liam Anderson Appendix 1: Maps of Unrecognized States
Nina Caspersen is Lecturer in the Department of Politics, Philosophy and Religion at Lancaster University. Her research interests are primarily centred on ethnic conflicts in the Balkans and the Caucasus, dynamics within ethnic groups and internal developments in unrecognised states. She has published a number of journal articles relating to this research and is a frequent presenter at international conferences and workshops.
Gareth Stansfield is Professor of Middle East Politics and Director of the Institute of Arab and Islamic Studies at the University of Exeter. His current research is on the political development of post-2003 Iraq, in particular the interaction of religious and ethnic groups and conceptions of nationalism and federalism, and he is series editor of the Exeter Studies in Ethno Politics series with Routledge.