Air pollution has become part of the daily existence of many people who work, live and use the streets in Asian cities. Each day millions of city dwellers breathe air polluted with concentrations of chemicals, smoke and particles that dramatically exceed World Health Organization guideline values. Deteriorating air quality has resulted in significant impacts on human health and environment in Asia. This book provides a comprehensive and comparative assessment of the current status and challenges in urban air pollution management in 20 cities in the Asian region. It examines the effects on human health and the environment and future implications for planning, transport and energy sectors. National and local governments have begun to develop air quality management strategies to address the deterioration in urban air quality; however, the scope and effectiveness of such strategies vary widely. This book benchmarks these air quality management strategies, examines successes and failures in these cities and presents strategies for improving air quality management in cities across Asia and the rest of our rapidly urbanizing world. Information on air quality in Asia is clearly presented with easy-to-read city profiles, tables and graphs. This is an essential resource for all those concerned with urban air quality management, not just in Asia but in cities across our rapidly urbanizing world. Cities covered Bangkok, Beijing, Busan, Colombo, Dhaka, Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Hong Kong, Jakarta, Kathmandu, Kolkata, Metro Manila, Mumbai, New Delhi, Seoul, Shanghai, Singapore, Surabaya, Taipei and Tokyo
Table of Contents
Urban Air Pollution in Asia * Air Quality Management Capability in Asian Cities * Air Quality Management in Twenty Asian Cities * Development of Air Quality Management in Asian Cities * Trends and Challenges in Managing Urban Air Quality in Asia * Annexes * Index
Dieter Schwela is a senior research associate at the Stockholm Environment Institute, University of York and has many years of international experience in air pollution and human health. Gary Haq is a research associate at the Stockholm Environment Institute, University of York where he specializes in urban environment and air pollution issues and is co-editor of The Earthscan Reader on World Transport Policy and Practice. Cornie Huizenga is the Head of the Secretariat of the Clean Air Initiative for Asian Cities (CAI-Asia) based at the Asian Development Bank, Manila. Wha-Jin Han is a Vice President and General Director of the Policy Research Group at the Korea Environment Institute, Seoul. Herbert Fabian is a sustainable urban transport specialist. May Ajero is an air quality management and co-benefits specialist. They are both based at the CAI-Asia Secretariat in Manila.