1st Edition

Urban Blue Spaces Planning and Design for Water, Health and Well-Being

    506 Pages 266 Color Illustrations
    by Routledge

    506 Pages 266 Color Illustrations
    by Routledge

    This book presents an evidence-based approach to landscape planning and design for urban blue spaces that maximises the benefits to human health and well-being while minimising the risks. Based on applied research and evidence from primary and secondary data sources stemming from the EU-funded BlueHealth project, the book presents nature-based solutions to promote sustainable and resilient cities.

    Numerous cities around the world are located alongside bodies of water in the form of coastlines, lakes, rivers and canals, but the relationship between city inhabitants and these water sources has often been ambivalent. In many cities, water has been polluted, engineered or ignored completely. But, due to an increasing awareness of the strong connections between city, people, nature and water and health, this paradigm is shifting.

    The international editorial team, consisting of researchers and professionals across several disciplines, leads the reader through theoretical aspects, evidence, illustrated case studies, risk assessment and a series of validated tools to aid planning and design before finishing with overarching planning and design principles for a range of blue-space types.

    Over 200 full-colour illustrations accompany the case-study examples from geographic locations all over the world, including Portugal, the United Kingdom, China, Canada, the US, South Korea, Singapore, Norway and Estonia. With green and blue infrastructure now at the forefront of current policies and trends to promote healthy, sustainable cities, Urban Blue Spaces is a must-have for professionals and students in landscape planning, urban design and environmental design.


    Open Access for the book was funded by the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 666773

    The Open Access version of this book, available at

    www.taylorfrancis.com/books/oa-edit/10.4324/9780429056161, has been made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 4.0 license

    Foreword Mike Depledge  Introduction Simon Bell, Lora Fleming and James Grellier  Part 1: Water, Blue Space and Health and Well-Being - The Evidence Base  1. The Benefits of Blue Space for Human Health and Well-Being Mat White and Mark Nieuwenhuijsen  2. Water Ecosystem Health, Hazards and Risks of Blue Spaces Ingmar Ott, Ronald Larmaa, James Grellier  Part 2: Tools, Indicators and Models for Planning and Design  3. Assessing City-Wide and Local Health and Well-Being Benefits Lewis Elliott, Mat WHite, Mireia Gascon and James Grellier  4. Capturing Affordances for Health and Well-Being at the City Scale Gloria Niin, Peeter Vassilijev and Simon Bell  5. Observing Behaviour for Site Planning and Design Peeter Vassilijev, Simon Bell, Himansu Mishra, Lewis Elliott and Frederico Meireles  6. Assessing the Land-Water Environment Simon Bell, Himansu Mishra and Ronald Larmaa  7. Co-Design with Local Stakeholders Mireia Gascon, Mark Kulvik, Gloria Niin, Jekatarina Balicka and Frederico Meireles  8. Decision Support for Assessing Risks and Benefits Matthias Braubach and others (WHO)  Part 3: Inspirational Practice for Planning and Design  9. Reviewing the Evidence for Good Planning and Design Himansu Mishra and Simon Bell  10. Urban River Revitalisation Friedrich Kuhlmann and Jekatarina Balicka  11. Seafronts, Beaches and Promenades Simon Bell and Himansu Mishra  12. Urban Wetlands and Stormwater Management Himansu Mishra and Simon Bell  13. Docklands and Ports Friedrich Kuhlmann and Simon Bell  14. Urban Acupuncture Jekatarina Balicka, Himansu Mishra, Frederico Meireles and Marina Cervera  15. Horizon Scanning Suzanne Wuits, Lieke Friedrichs and Simon Bell  Conclusion.  Bibliography.  Index


    Simon Bell is a professor of landscape architecture at the Estonian University of Life Sciences, Estonia, and Associate Director of the OPENspace Research Centre at the University of Edinburgh, UK.

    Lora E. Fleming is a professor and Chair of Epidemiology, Oceans and Human Health and Director of the European Centre for Environment and Human Health at the University of Exeter Medical School, UK.

    James Grellier is a research fellow at the European Centre for Environment and Human Health at the University of Exeter Medical School, UK, and a senior scientific fellow at the Institute of Psychology at the Jagiellonian University, Poland.

    Friedrich Kuhlmann is a chief specialist in landscape architecture at the Estonian University of Life Sciences, Estonia.

    Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen is a research professor in environmental epidemiology at ISGlobal, Spain.

    Mathew P. White is a senior scientist in environmental psychology at the University of Vienna, Austria.