Accelerating urbanization worldwide means more urban-centered disasters. Floods, earthquakes, storms and conflicts affecting densely populated areas produce significant losses in lives, livelihoods and the built environment, especially in comparison to rural areas. Poor urban dwellers, almost always the most vulnerable, too often bear the brunt. Aid agencies and urban professionals have been slowly adapting to these new conditions, but older models and practices hinder the most effective engagements.
Drawing directly from the experiences of urban disasters in the Philippines, Chile, India, Thailand, Iraq, Haiti and Nepal, among other countries, Urban Disaster Resilience brings to light new collaborations and techniques for addressing the challenges of urban disasters in the coming years. Chapters range from country-specific case studies to more synthetic frameworks in order to promote innovative thinking and practical solutions.
Edited by David Sanderson, Jerold S. Kayden and Julia Leis, this book is a crucial read for humanitarian and disaster specialists, urban planners and designers, architects, landscape architects, housing and economic development professionals, real estate developers, private business managers and students interested in the subject, whether based in non-governmental organizations, local, state or national governments, international agencies, private firms, or the academy.
Table of Contents
Introduction Urban disaster resilience: new dimensions from international practice in the built environment –David Sanderson, Strengthening collaborations for urban disasters: a call to urban planners, designers and humanitarians –Jerold S. Kayden Part I. Urban planning, design and cities 1. Designing resilient cities and neighborhoods –Georgia Butina Watson 2. Reconstructing the city: the potential gains of using urban planning and design practices in recovery and why they are so difficult to achieve –Alison Killing and Camillo Boano 3. Fables from the reconstruction: lessons from Chile’s recovery after the 2010 earthquake and tsunami –Pablo Allard and María Ignacia Arrasate 4. Risk, resilience and the fragile city –John de Boer Part II. People, places, complex systems and regulation 5. Urban disaster resilience: learning from the 2011 Bangkok, Thailand, flood using morphology and complex adaptive systems –Pamela Sitko 6. Regulatory barriers and the provision of shelter in post-disaster situations: housing, land and property (HLP) issues in the recovery of Tacloban, the Philippines, after 2013 Typhoon Haiyan –Victoria Stodart 7. How does reconstruction after disaster affect long-term resilience? –Theo Schilderman 8. Conflict and urban displacement: the impact on Kurdish place-identity in Erbil, Iraq –Avar Almukhtar Part III. Urban markets, micro-enterprise, insurance and technology 9. Linking response, recovery and resilience to markets in humanitarian action –Joanna Friedman 10. Petty trade and the private sector in urban reconstruction: learning from Haiti’s post-earthquake Iron Market –David Smith 11. Using disaster insurance to build urban resilience: lessons from micro-enterprise in India –Mihir Bhatt and Ronak Patel 12. ‘Humanitarian hybrids’: new technologies and humanitarian resilience –Marianne F. Potvin Epilogue Reflections on the practice of disaster resilience –Julia Leis
David Sanderson is the Inaugural Judith Neilson Chair of Architecture at the University of New South Wales (UNSW), Australia. He has held senior posts in both NGO and academic sectors, and has carried out work for a number of NGOs and donor organizations. In recent years he has led post-disaster reviews in Haiti, Pakistan, Bangladesh, India, the Philippines and Nepal.
Jerold S. Kayden is the Frank Backus Williams Professor of Urban Planning and Design at the Harvard University Graduate School of Design. He has consulted for the World Bank, USAID and UNDP, worldwide, and served as principal investigator of the Harvard-Netherlands Project on Climate Change, Water, Land Development, and Adaptation. He is an affiliated faculty member of the Harvard Humanitarian Initiative (HHI).
Julia Leis is a humanitarian relief and development worker. She has completed assignments in the Philippines, Gaza, Burkina Faso and Thailand. She holds a Master of Arts from The Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy at Tufts University and a degree in Foreign Service from Georgetown University.
"Urban Disaster Resilience could not have been more timely. Following global processes in 2015, including the newly adopted Sustainable Development Goals, and the World Humanitarian Summit and Habitat III in 2016, this book has successfully captured a broad understanding of what needs to happen for resilience to be achieved. It will be an important introduction and reference to the subject and should be recommended reading for students of architecture, development and humanitarian studies, as well as policy makers and practitioners alike." Jemilah Mahmood, Under Secretary General, IFRC (Partnerships)
"This is a unique and timely volume of innovations and insights into the theory and practice of building urban resilience. Drawing on international experience, and illustrated throughout with case examples, its authors argue the value of informality and of engaging civil society when planning for the challenges of humanitarian crisis. An excellent resource book for teaching, for research and for practice." Nabeel Hamdi, Emeritus Professor, Oxford Brookes University
"Urban Disaster Resilience is a must read for those trying to catalyze resilience building in humanitarian and development assistance. It warns that humanitarian assistance is not only failing to meet the needs of an increasingly urban planet, but that its lack of a sense of space and place makes it ill equipped to do so without dramatic change." Nancy Kete, Managing Director, The Rockefeller Foundation