Embracing a biological and evolutionary perspective to explain the human experience of place, Urban Experience and Design explores how cognitive science and biometric tools provide an evidence-based foundation for architecture and planning. Aiming to promote the creation of a healthier and happier public realm, this book describes how unconscious responses to stimuli, outside our conscious awareness, direct our experience of the built environment and govern human behavior in our surroundings.
This collection contains 15 chapters, including contributions from researchers in the US, the UK, the Netherlands, France and Iran. Addressing topics such as the impact of eye-tracking analysis and seeing beauty and empathy within buildings, Urban Experience and Design encourages us to reframe our understanding of design, including the narrative of how modern architecture and planning came to be in the first place.
This volume invites students, academics and scholars to see how cognitive science and biometric findings give us remarkable 21st-century metrics for evaluating and improving designs, even before they are built.
Introduction: The 21st-Century Paradigm Shift in Architecture and Planning
Justin B. Hollander and Ann Sussman
Section 1: Historical and Theoretical Foundations of Architecture and Planning
1 Sense of Place: Looking Backward to Go Forward?
Robert S. Tullis
2 Classic Planning: The Power of Beauty for Human Architecture and Planning
3 Bonding with Beauty: The Connection Between Facial Patterns, Design and Our Well-Being
Donald H. Ruggles and John Boak
4 Neuroscience Experiments to Verify the Geometry of Healing Environments: Proposing a Biophilic Healing Index of Design and Architecture
Nikos A. Salingaros
Section 2: Twenty-First-Century Tools: Biometrics and Measuring the Human Experience of Place
5 Identifying Biophilic Design Elements in Streetscapes: A Study of Visual Attention and Sense of Place
Peter Milliken, Justin B. Hollander, Ann Sussman and Minyu Situ
6 Exploring Eye-Tracking Technology: Assessing How the Design of Densified Built Environments Can Promote Inhabitants' Well-Being
Frank Suurenbroek and Gideon Spanjar
7 Attention and Focus in the Perception of Persian Architecture
Saeid Khaghani, Jamal Esmaeilzadeh Vafaei and Seyed Behnamedin Jameie
Section 3 Explorations of the New Paradigm for Urban Experience and Design
8 Cognitive Mapping, Mobility Technologies and the Decoupling of Imageability and Accessibility
9 Emerging Transport Futures for Streets and How Eye Tracking Can Help Improve Safety and Design
Kevin J. Krizek, Bert Otten and Federico Rupi
10 Ecoempathetic Design: Moving Beyond Biophilia With Brain Science
11 Exploring Urban Form Through OpenStreetMap Data: A Visual Introduction
12 A Device-Free Mapping Approach for Quantifying User Activities in Indoor Environments
13 Being Seen, Feeling Heard: Designing Intimate-Scaled Spaces on Urban College Campuses
Conclusion: Understanding Ourselves Better Reframes Architecture and Planning
Ann Sussman and Justin B. Hollander
"As it happens, we understand very little about how human beings interact emotionally and physiologically with the world around us. This is beginning to change. The collection of essays in this recent book on Urban Experience and Design describes various studies ranging from biometric monitoring to way-finding surveys, providing unique insight into our cognitive processing of environmental stimuli… Taken together these contributions could indeed inform a new paradigm for the design professions."
Woodworth, A.V. (n.d.). BOOK REVIEW: URBAN EXPERIENCE AND DESIGN: CONTEMPORARY PERSPECTIVES ON IMPROVING THE PUBLIC REALM, EDITED BY Justin B. Hollander and Ann Sussman. New Design Ideas, Vol.5, No.2, 2021, pp.224-226
"Urban Experience and Design: Contemporary Perspectives on Improving the Public can be a useful source for scholars and students looking to introduce the topics of biophilic design and designing healthier buildings and urban spaces. Section I can best serve students as an introduction to urban planning and design concepts and theoretical foundations, as well as point to the future of potential research."
Henry Hildebrandt (2022) Urban experience and design: Contemporary perspectives on improving the public realm, edited by Justin B. Hollander and Ann Sussman, Journal of Urban Affairs, 44:3, 440-442, DOI: 10.1080/07352166.2021.1955599
"The editors and authors tell us that architecture and urban design must give people what they want, what they are comfortable with and what evolution has primed them to seek and appreciate. That message is likely to be received with some ambivalence in most schools of environmental design and in many professional associations… the editors and their collaborators rightly tell us that designers and planners stand to benefit from new biometric methods. A better understanding of the human mind, visual perception and user behaviour can only help. In the hands of a skilful designer, it can add to the complexity and contradiction that makes good architecture great."
Raphaël Fischler (2021) Urban experience and design contemporary perspectives on improving the public realm, Journal of Urban Design, 26:5, 651-652, DOI: 10.1080/13574809.2021.1956710