Urban Governance Under the Ottomans focuses on one of the most pressing topics in this field, namely the question why cities formerly known for their multiethnic and multi- religious composition became increasingly marked by conflict in the 19th century.
This collection of essays represents the result of an intense process of discussion among many of the authors, who have been invited to combine theoretical considerations on the question sketched above, with concrete case studies based upon original archival research. From Istanbul to Aleppo, and from the Balkans to Jerusalem, what emerges from the book is a renewed image of the imperial and local mechanisms of coexistence, and of their limits and occasional dissolution in times of change and crisis.
Raising questions of governance and changes therein, as well as epistemological questions regarding what has often been termed 'cosmopolitanism', this book calls for a closer investigation of incidents of both peaceful coexistence, as well as episodes of violence and conflict. A useful addition to existing literature, this book will be of interest to scholars and researchers in the fields of Urban Studies, History and Middle Eastern Studies.
Table of Contents
1 Introduction: Cosmopolitanism and Conflicts: Chances and Challenges in Ottoman Urban Governance Part I: The ottoman Urban Governance from Old regime to the Tanzimat Era 2 Ottoman Reform and Urban Government in the District of Jerusalem, 1867-1917 – Johann Bussow 3 Social Stratification and Change in Herzogovinian Urban Life in the Tanzimat Era - Hannes Grandits 4 [A Quest for] The Bourgeoisie of Istanbul – Edhem Eldem 5 The Role of Labour Migration for the Urban Economy and Governance of Nineteenth Century Istanbul – Florian Riedler 6 North to South Migration in the Imperial Era: Workers and Vagabonds between Vienna and Constantinople – Malte Fuhrmann Part II: Questions on Ottoman Urban Cosmopolitanism 7 Did Cosmopolitanism Exist in Eighteenth-century Istanbul? Stories of Christian and Jewish Artisans– Suraiya Faroqhi 8 A City Under Fire: Urban Violence in Istanbul during the Alemdar incident (1808) – Aysel Yildiz 9 From a Challenge to the Empire to a Challenge to Urban Cosmopolitanism? The 1819 Aleppo Riots and the Limits of the Imperial Urban Domestication of Factional Violence– Nora Lafi
Ulrike Freitag is an Historian specialised in the history of the modern Middle East and the Indian Ocean. She has served as director of Zentrum Moderner Orient, Berlin since 2002, and holds a professorship of Islamic Studies at Freie Universität Berlin.
Nora Lafi is a Researcher at Zentrum Moderner Orient, Berlin. She is an Historian of the Ottoman Empire with a focus on Urban Studies. Amongst her publications, she coedited The City in the Ottoman Empire Migration and the Making of Urban Modernity (2010).