Urban Habitat Constructions Under Catastrophic Events: COST C26 Action Final Report (Hardback) book cover

Urban Habitat Constructions Under Catastrophic Events

COST C26 Action Final Report

Edited by Federico M. Mazzolani

© 2010 – CRC Press

478 pages

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Hardback: 9780415606868
pub: 2010-08-30
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COST is an intergovernmental framework for European Cooperation in Science and Technology, allowing the coordination of nationally-funded research on a European level. Part of COST was COST Action C26 ‘Urban Habitat Constructions Under Catastrophic Events’, which started in 2006 and held its final conference in Naples, Italy, on 16-18 September 2010. The participation of 23 European countries confi rmed the international interest of COST Action C26. The main objective of COST Action C26 was to increase the knowledge of the behaviour of constructions in urban habitat under catastrophic events (earthquakes, fi re, wind, impact, explosions etc.), in order to predict their response when both the applied loading and the inherent structural resistance are combined in such a way that the safety level reaches unacceptable values, leading in some cases to a premature collapse.

The activity of COST C26 Action was developed by four Working Groups (WGs), each dealing with the main issues related to catastrophic events: WG 1 “Fire resistance”; WG 2 “Earthquake resistance”; WG3 “Impact and explosion resistance”; WG 4 “Risk assessment for catastrophic scenarios in urban areas”. In addition, an “ad hoc” Working Group on “Lexicon” was created. The Final Report represents the results of the COST C26 Action, summarized in fi ve chapters: (I) Characterization of catastrophic actions on constructions; (II) Analysis of behaviour of constructions under catastrophic events; (III) Evaluation of vulnerability of constructions; (IV) Protecting, strengthening and repairing; (V) Strategy and guidelines for damage prevention, where each WG contributed to its specifi c subject.

This Final Report of COST Action C26 Urban Habitat Constructions Under Catastrophic Events will be of interest to academics and engineers in civil and structural engineering, especially those involved in fire resistance, earthquake resistance,impact and explosion resistance, and resistance to Infrequent Loading Conditions.

Table of Contents

Introduction 1

Chapter 1: Characterization of catastrophic actions on constructions

1.1 Design fires for structural engineering

M. Gillie, F.Wald & K. Horová

1.2 Characterization and modelling of seismic action

D. Lungu, A. Stratan & R. Vacareanu

1.3 Characterization of catastrophic actions on constructions: Explosive loads

A. Tyas

1.4 Actions due to natural catastrophes, except volcanic eruptions

T. Stathopoulos, I. Zisis, A. Talon, J.-P. Muzeau, C. Coelho, J.-P. Carlier & S.Wolinski

1.5 Actions due to volcanic eruptions

J.-P. Muzeau, A. Talon, J.-C. Thouret, T. Rossetto, B. Faggiano, D. De Gregorio, G. Zuccaro & M. Indirli

1.6 Tsunami hazard and risk evaluation in the Gulf of Naples: State of the art and perspectives

S. Tinti, F. Zaniboni, A. Armigliato & G. Pagnoni

Chapter 2: Analysis of behaviour of constructions under catastrophic events

2.1 Analyses of structures under fire

D. Bacinskas, E. Geda, V. Gribniak, G. Kaklauskas, G. Cefarelli,B. Faggiano, A. Ferraro, F.M. Mazzolani, E. Nigro, C. Couto, N. Lopes, P. Vila Real, M. Hajpál, Á. Török, M. Kaliske, L. Kwasniewski, D. Pintea & R. Zaharia

2.2 Evaluation of structural response under exceptional seismic actions

M. Fischinger & G. Della Corte

2.3 Analysis of behaviour of constructions under impact and explosions: Approaches for structural analysis, from material modeling to structural response

G. De Matteis, E. Cadoni & D. Asprone

2.4 Consequences of natural disasters on constructions

C. Coelho, R.P. Borg, V. Sesov & M. Indirli

2.5 Consequences of volcanic eruptions on constructions

R.P. Borg & M. Indirli

Chapter 3: Evaluation of vulnerability of constructions

3.1 Vulnerability of existing buildings under fire

E. Nigro, G. Cefarelli, F.Wald, M. Hajpál, R. Zaharia, N. Lopes, P. Vila Real,L. Kwasniewski, Z. Drabowicz, D. Pantousa, E. Geda, D. Bacinskas, V. Gribniak & M. Heinisuo

3.2 Performance based evaluation and risk analysis

E. Mistakidis, R. Vacareanu &A.J. Kappos

3.3 Vulnerability and damageability of constructions under impact and explosion

F. Dinu

3.4 Performance assessment under multiple hazards

D. Vamvatsikos, E. Nigro, L.A. Kouris, G. Panagopoulos, A.J. Kappos, T. Rossetto, T.O. Lloyd &T. Stathopoulos

Chapter 4: Protecting, strengthening and repairing

4.1 Fire damaged structures

Y.C.Wang, F.Wald, J. Vácha & M. Hajpál

4.2 Innovative seismic protection technologies and case studies

M. Kaliske &A. Mandara

4.3 Blast loading assessment and mitigation in the context of the protection of constructions in an urban environment

P.D. Smith

4.4 Mitigation options for natural hazards, with a special focus on volcanic eruptions

M. Indirli, E. Nigro, L. Kouris, F. Romanelli & G. Zuccaro

4.5 Avalanche risk assessment in populated areas

A. Talon & J.-P. Muzeau

Chapter 5: Strategy and guidelines for damage prevention

5.1 Fire design in Europe

M. Heinisuo, M. Laasonen & J. Outinen

5.2 Demands and recommendations for assessment and mitigation of risk under exceptional earthquakes

A. Plumier, R. Landolfo & D. Dubina

5.3 Impact and explosion

M.P. Byfield & P.P. Smith

5.4 Multi-hazard risk assessment methodology

M.H. Faber & H. Narasimhan

5.5 A framework and guidelines for volcanic risk assessment

H. Narasimhan, R.P. Borg, G. Zuccaro, M.H. Faber, D. De Gregorio, B. Faggiano, A. Formisano, F.M. Mazzolani & M. Indirli

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Construction / General