Urban Heritage, Development and Sustainability
International Frameworks, National and Local Governance
More than half of the world’s population now live in urban areas, and cities provide the setting for contemporary challenges such as population growth, mass tourism and unequal access to socio-economic opportunities. Urban Heritage, Development and Sustainability examines the impact of these issues on urban heritage, considering innovative approaches to managing developmental pressures and focusing on how taking an ethical, inclusive and holistic approach to urban planning and heritage conservation may create a stronger basis for the sustainable growth of cities in the future.
This volume is a timely analysis of current theories and practises in urban heritage, with particular reference to the conflict between, and potential reconciliation of, conservation and development goals. A global range of case studies detail a number of distinct practical approaches to heritage on international, national and local scales. Chapters reveal the disjunctions between international frameworks and national implementation and assess how internationally agreed concepts can be misused to justify unsustainable practices or to further economic globalisation and political nationalism. The exclusion of many local communities from development policies, and the subsequent erosion of their cultural heritage, is also discussed, with the collection emphasising the importance of ‘grass roots’ heritage and exploring more inclusive and culturally responsive conservation strategies.
Contributions from an international group of authors, including practitioners as well as leading academics, deliver a broad and balanced coverage of this topic. Addressing the interests of both urban planners and heritage specialists, Urban Heritage, Development and Sustainability is an important addition to the field that will encourage further discourse.
Table of Contents
Ch. 1 Approaches to Urban Heritage, Development and Sustainability
Dr Sophia Labadi, University of Kent, United Kingdom
Emeritus Prof William Logan, Deakin University, Melbourne, Australia
Part I. Implementing International Frameworks at the National Level
Ch. 2 In the slipstream of development: World Heritage and development-induced displacement in Laos
Kearrin Sims, University of Western Sydney, Australia
Prof Tim Winter, Deakin University, Australia
Ch. 3 World Heritage, Poverty and Development: a disconnect? Answers from Island of Mozambique, Mozambique
Albino Jopela. Eduardo Mondlane University, Mozambique.
Ch. 4 Interrogating communities of expertise on urban conservation and development: past and future of ‘public and open spaces’ in the old city of Tunis
Bianca Maria Nardella and Elisabete Cidre, University College, London, United Kingdom
Ch. 5 Challenges for Implementing UNESCO’s Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape in Canada
Dr Stacey Jessiman de Nanteuil, Stanford University, United States of America
Ch. 6 Using the Historic Urban Landscape to reimagine Ballarat: the Local Context
Kristal Buckley, Deakin University, Australia
Dr Steven Cooke, Deakin University, Australia
Susan Fayad, City of Ballarat, Australia
Ch. 7 Safeguarding Intangible Cultural Heritage in the Urban Environment – Some Experiences Gained from Implementing UNESCO’s 2003 Convention
Dr Janet Blake, Lecturer in Law, Uni. of Shahid Beheshti, Tehran, Iran
Part II. Reconciling Urban Heritage Conservation and Development?
Ch. 8 The Impacts of Culture and Heritage-led Development Programs: the Cases of Liverpool (UK) and Lille (France)
Dr Sophia Labadi, University of Kent, United Kingdom
Ch. 9 Management Strategies for Historic Towns in Europe
Emeritus Prof. Robert Pickard, Northumbria University, Newcastle, United Kingdom
Ch. 10 Corporate Visual Impact on Historic Urban Landscape
Dr Celia Martinez Yanez, University of Granada, Spain
Ch. 11 From Zero Sum Game to Arranged Marriage: The Struggle between Built Heritage Conservation and Urban Development in Post-colonial Hong Kong
Dr Lee Ho Yin, University of Hong Kong, China
Prof. Lynne DiStefano, University of Hong Kong, China
Ch. 12 Cuba as ‘Exception’: UNESCO’s Historic Urban Landscape Approach, Integral Development and the Changing Management of Historic Centres in Late Socialist Cuba
Dr Matthew J. Hill, University of Massachusetts, United States
Dr Maki Tanaka, University of California Berkeley, United States
Part III. Grass-roots Heritage and Bottom-up Approaches
Ch. 13 Stakeholder Involvement: A Necessary Condition for the Sustainable Preservation of the Urban Heritage
Dr Eduardo Rojas, consultant, World Bank, United States of America
Ch. 14 Whose Heritage? Conflicting Narratives and Top-down and Bottom-up Approaches to Heritage Management in Yangon, Myanmar
Emeritus Prof William Logan, Deakin University, Australia
Ch. 15 Living heritage, community participation and sustainability: redefining development strategies in Hoi An Ancient Town World Heritage property, Viet Nam
Pham Thi Thanh Huong, UNESCO Office, Hanoi, Vietnam
Ch. 16 Deep Ecology and Hauz Khas Village Heritage for Delhi Megacity Planning
Dr Yamini Narayanan, Deakin University, Australia
Sophia Labadi is currently Senior Lecturer in Heritage Studies, Director of the Centre for Heritage at the University of Kent and consultant for international organisations. She previously worked for UNESCO, in the Secretariat of the 1972 World Heritage Convention and the 2003 Intangible Cultural Heritage Convention and participated in the strategic planning and drafting of the 2009 UNESCO World Report on Cultural Diversity.
William Logan is Professor Emeritus in the Cultural Heritage Centre for Asia and the Pacific at Deakin University, Melbourne, Australia. He is a fellow of the Academy of Social Sciences in Australia and he is formerly a member of the Heritage Council of Victoria and president of Australia ICOMOS. He is co-editor of the Routledge Key Issues in Cultural Heritage book series.