Urban Heritage in Divided Cities explores the role of contested urban heritage in mediating, subverting and overcoming sociopolitical conflict in divided cities. Investigating various examples of transformations of urban heritage around the world, the book analyses the spatial, social and political causes behind them, as well as the consequences for the division and reunification of cities during both wartime and peacetime conflicts.
Contributors to the volume define urban heritage in a broad sense, as tangible elements of the city, such as ruins, remains of border architecture, traces of violence in public space and memorials, as well as intangible elements like urban voids, everyday rituals, place names and other forms of spatial discourse. Addressing both historic and contemporary cases from a wide range of academic disciplines, contributors to the book investigate the role of urban heritage in divided cities in Africa, Asia, the Americas, Europe and the Middle East. Shifting focus from the notion of urban heritage as a fixed and static legacy of the past, the volume demonstrates that the concept is a dynamic and transformable entity that plays an active role in inquiring, critiquing, subverting and transforming the present.
Urban Heritage in Divided Cities will be of great interest to academics, researchers and students in the fields of cultural studies, sociology, the political sciences, history, human geography, urban design and planning, architecture, archaeology, ethnology and anthropology. The book should also be essential reading for professionals who are involved in governing, planning, designing and transforming urban heritage around the world.
Table of Contents
1. CONTESTED PASTS IN DIVIDED CITIES: INTRODUCTION, Mirjana Ristic and Sybille Frank
Part I: TRANSFORMATIONS OF HERITAGE AS ‘CONFLICT BY OTHER MEANS’
2. HERITAGE NECROPOLITICS AND THE CAPTURE OF HEBRON: THE LOGIC OF CLOSURE, FEAR, HUMILIATION AND ELIMINATION, Feras Hammami
3. CONTESTED HERITAGE-MAKING AS AN INSTRUMENT OF ETHNIC DIVISION: MITROVICA, KOSOVO, Mattias Legnér, Mirjana Ristic and Simona Bravaglieri
4. NICOSIA HOTSPOT: VISUALITIES OF MEMORY AND HERITAGE IN THE GREEK CYPRIOT URBAN SPACE, Vicky Karaiskou
5. LEFKOSA VS. LEFKOSIA: THE HERITAGE OF CONFLICT, Zeynep Gunay
6. THE DIVISION OF ALEPPO CITY: HERITAGE AND URBAN SPACE, Zeido Zeido and Nura Ibold
Part II: SEGREGATED HERITAGE
7. DIVIDED HISTORIES OF THE PACIFIC WAR: REVISITING "CHANGI’S" (POST)COLONIAL HERITAGE, Anoma Pieris
8. HERITAGE OF INCLUSION OR EXCLUSION? CONTESTED CLAIMS AND ACCESS TO HOUSING IN AMRITSAR, INDIA, Helena Cermeño
9. SEGREGATION, GENTRIFICATION AND HERITAGE IN FREDERICKSBURG, VIRGINIA: A PRESERVATION PERSPECTIVE, Christine Rae Henry and Andréa Livi Smith
10. HERITAGE AS A MEDIATOR OF SOCIO-SPATIAL SEGREGATION: CARTAGENA DE INDIAS, COLOMBIA, Cesar Augusto Velandia Silva, Juan José Ospina-Tascón and Mirjana Ristic
Part III: DEALING WITH CONTESTED HERITAGE
11. AN ISLAND IN SECTARIAN SEAS? HERITAGE, MEMORY AND IDENTITY IN POST-WAR REDEVELOPMENT OF BEIRUT’S CENTRAL DISTRICT, Scott Bollens
12. ENTREPRENEURIAL HERITAGE-MAKING IN POST-WALL BERLIN: THE CASE OF NEW POTSDAMER PLATZ, Sybille Frank
13. DEALING WITH THE SPATIAL REMNANTS OF CONFLICT IN BELFAST: THE ANDERSONSTOWN BARRACKS SITE IN WEST BELFAST, Henriette Bertram
14. PERFORMING IMAGINARY HEALINGS: THE POST-CONFLICT HERITAGE OF EBRINGTON BARRACKS, Tom Maguire
15. CONTESTED COLLECTIVE MEMORY IN THE SEGREGATED CITY OF CAPE TOWN, Cecil Madell and Martin Murray
Mirjana Ristic is Humboldt Postdoctoral Research Fellow at the Institute for Sociology, Technische Universität Darmstadt, Germany. Her research is focused on political issues in architecture and urban design, including the role of buildings and public spaces in mediating nationalism, conflict, power, violence and resistance. She has a PhD from the University of Melbourne.
Sybille Frank is Professor for Urban Sociology and Sociology of Space in the Department of Sociology at the Technische Universität Darmstadt, Germany. Her work focuses on the sociology of space and place, on urban conflicts and on the effects of social change on the fields of tourism and heritage-making.