This book evaluates the impact of 20 years of urban policies in six Latin American countries: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador and Mexico. It argues that evaluating the fulfillment of past commitments is essential for framing and meeting the new commitments that will be taken in Habitat III over the next 20 years.
Taken as a whole, the book provides a critical assessment of the economic, social and environmental consequences of urban interventions during Habitat II. The country-level chapters have been written by recognized experts in urban issues, with first-hand knowledge of the Habitat process, and deep familiarity with the problems, statistics, actors and political contexts of their nations. The latter part of the volume considers wider topics such as the Habitat Commitment Index, the New Urban Agenda and the regional and global-scale lessons that can be extracted from this group of countries.
Urban Policy in Latin America will be of interest to advanced students, researchers and policymakers across development economics, urban studies and Latin American studies.
Prologue Michelle DePass
Introduction: A Time to Evaluate Michael Cohen, Maria Carrizosa and Margarita Gutman
Part I: Housing without People, People without Housing and Other Phenomena
1. Mexico: From Habitat II to Habitat III Alicia Ziccardi
2. Chile: Private Housing in the City Alfredo Rodriguez and Paula Rodriguez
Part II: Normative Progress and Little Implementation
3. Brazil: The Urban Question in Brazil between 1996 and 2016: A Political-Institutional Evaluation Edesio Fernandes
4. Colombia: The Primacy of Housing Policy in Urban Development Jorge Enrique Torres
Part III: Narratives of Inclusion and other Dilemmas
5. Argentina: Twenty Years Since Habitat II Andrea Catenazzi and Eduardo Reese
6. Ecuador: From Istanbul to Quito Fernando Carrion and Alexandra Velasco
Part IV: Widening the Lens: The World, The Region, and The Future
7. Six Countries and Twenty Years: A Cross-Cutting Perspective on Latin American Urban Policy Maria Carrizosa
8. A Global Quantitative Comparison: The Habitat Commitment Index Martha Susana Jaimes
9. Implementation of the New Urban Agenda Lena Simet
10. Habitat in Debt and Actions for the Future: Towards a New Inclusive Urban Practice Michael Cohen, Maria Carrizosa and Margarita Gutman