This book evaluates the impact of 20 years of urban policies in six Latin American countries: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador and Mexico. It argues that evaluating the fulfillment of past commitments is essential for framing and meeting the new commitments that were taken in Habitat III over the next 20 years.
Taken as a whole, the book provides a critical assessment of the economic, social and environmental consequences of urban interventions during Habitat II. The country-level chapters have been written by recognized experts in urban issues, with first-hand knowledge of the Habitat process, and deep familiarity with the problems, statistics, actors and political contexts of their nations. The latter part of the volume considers wider topics such as the Habitat Commitment Index, the New Urban Agenda and the regional and global-scale lessons that can be extracted from this group of countries.
Urban Policy in Latin America will be of interest to advanced students, researchers and policymakers across development economics, urban studies and Latin American studies.
Table of Contents
Contents List of contributors Acknowledgements Prologue to the English edition. Mary Watson Prologue to the Spanish edition. Michelle DePass Chapter 1 - Introduction
María Carrizosa, Michael Cohen and Margarita Gutman Chapter 2 - The Evolution of Urban Policy in Developing Countries: A Comparative Perspective Michael Cohen Chapter 3 - Mexico. From Habitat II to Habitat III: Assessment of the commitments undertaken Alicia Ziccardi Chapter 4: Chile. Houses Without Cities Alfredo Rodríguez and Paula Rodríguez Chapter 5 - Brazil. Confronting the urban question in Brazil Edesio Fernandes Chapter 6 - Colombia. The Singularity of Housing Policy in Urban Development Jorge Enrique Torres Chapter 7 - Argentina. Twenty Years of Habitat II, the Pending Subjects Eduardo Reese and Andrea Catenazzi Chapter 8 - Ecuador. From Istanbul to Quito Fernando Carrión and Alexandra Velasco Chapter 9 - Six Countries and Twenty Years, A Transversal Reading of Latin American Urban Policy María Carrizosa Chapter 10 - A Global Quantitative Perspective: The Habitat Commitment Index Martha Susana Jaimes Chapter 11 - Tiers to Tears: Measuring City Performance Lena Simet Chapter 12 - Habitat in Debt and Future Assets: Towards a new inclusive urban practice Michael Cohen, María Carrizosa, Margarita Gutman
María Carrizosa is Coordinator of the Observatory of Latin America and PhD candidate in Public and Urban Policy at The New School. She teaches graduate and undergraduate courses in public and private universities in New York. She is an architect and philosopher, MS in International Affairs and has postgraduate studies in Geography. Her doctoral research analyzes labor informality from a spatial lens.
Michael Cohen is a Professor of International Affairs and was Founding Director of the Graduate Program in International Affairs from The New School University in New York. He is also Co-director of the Observatory on Latin America (OLA). He has written extensively on development policy, urban development, Africa and Argentina. He has participated actively in international urban policy debates since the Habitat I Conference in 1976.
Margarita Gutman has a Ph.D. in Architecture from University of Buenos Aires (UBA). She is a Professor of Urban Studies and International Affairs and co-director of the Observatory on Latin American (OLA) at The New School in New York. She is Profesora Consulta and member of the Doctoral Commission at the School of Architecture, Design and Urbanism, UBA.