The pursuit of regeneration and renewal has played an important role in the history and development of the world’s cities, and the theoretical and applied issues around these critical concepts are of increasing importance to governments and local populations, as well as to urban professionals and scholars. Particularly in postwar North America and Western Europe, this growing concern has often resulted from the decay and deterioration of cities associated with the decline in traditional industries and the associated loss of employment, and populations, to the suburbs and beyond.
This new title in the Routledge series, Critical Concepts in Urban Studies, meets the need for an authoritative reference work to make sense of the explosion in research output on regeneration and renewal as a significant historical and contemporary urban process of economic, social, cultural, and political importance. Edited by a leading scholar, this Routledge Major Work brings together in four volumes the canonical and the best cutting-edge scholarship on the topic.
The collection is divided into three principal parts. Part 1 (‘Cities in Transition’) covers the wider social, economic, political, and urban geographical context for urban regeneration and renewal, and documents the nature of changing cities. These processes and changes are inextricably linked with urban regeneration and renewal initiatives, and an understanding of these transitions is essential to place Parts 2 and 3 in perspective. Part 2 (‘Responses to Urban Change from National Governments’) brings together the best overviews and critiques of urban policy initiatives implemented by central governments in developed countries during the postwar period. The materials gathered here span experiences and city examples from advanced economies across the world.
The final part (‘City Responses to Urban Change’) draws on the approaches taken by cities themselves in response to urban problems, particularly those designed to improve economic competitiveness and to combat social exclusion. Key research on the wide array of thematic approaches that have been followed is assembled in this part. Within the wider urban processes explored in Part 1, this part examines particular policy responses that have arisen in many cities, and considers a number of case-study cities from the UK, North America, continental Europe, and Australasia.
With a full index, together with a comprehensive introduction, newly written by the editor, which places the collected material in its historical and intellectual context, Urban Regeneration and Renewal is an essential work of reference. It is destined to be valued by scholars, students, and researchers as a vital research resource.
Table of Contents
PART 1: cities in transition
Globalization and Urban Competitiveness
1. M. Boddy and M. Parkinson, ‘Competitiveness, Cohesion and Urban Governance’, in M. Boddy and M. Parkinson (eds.), City Matters: Competitiveness, Cohesion and Urban Governance (Policy Press, 2004), pp. 407–32.
2. I Begg, ‘Cities and Competitiveness’, Urban Studies, 1999, 36, 795–809.
3. D. Harvey, ‘From Fordism to Flexible Accumulation’, The Condition of Postmodernity (Blackwell, 1989), pp. 141–72.
4. J. R. Short and Y.-H. Kim, ‘Going Global’, Globalization and the City (Longman, 1999), pp. 3–12.
From Managerialism to Urban Entrepreneurialism
5. T. Hall and P. Hubbard, ‘The Entrepreneurial City: New Urban Politics, New Urban Geographies?’, Progress in Human Geography, 1996, 20, 153–74.
6. D. Harvey, ‘From Managerialism to Entrepreneurialism: The Transformation in Urban Governance in Late Capitalism’, Geografiska Annaler, 1989, 71B, 3–17.
7. B. Jessop, ‘The Entrepreneurial City’, in N. Jewson and S. MacGregor (eds.), Transforming Cities: Contested Governance and New Spatial Divisions (Routledge, 1997), pp. 28–41.
8. A. Wood, ‘Making Sense of Urban Entrepreneurialism’, Scottish Geographical Magazine, 1998, 114, 120–3.
Social Capital, Exclusion, Cohesion, and Diversity
9. R. Atkinson, ‘Combating Social Exclusion in Europe: The New Urban Policy Challenge’, Urban Studies, 2000, 37, 1037–55
10. R. Forrest and A. Kearns, ‘Social Cohesion, Social Capital and the Neighbourhood’, Urban Studies, 2001, 38, 2125–44.
11. A. Kearns, ‘Social Capital, Regeneration and Urban Policy’, in R. Imrie and M. Raco (eds.), Urban Renaissance? New Labour, Community and Urban Policy (Policy Press, 2003), pp. 37–60.
12. R. Levitas, ‘Three Discourses of Social Exclusion’, The Inclusive Society? Social Exclusion and New Labour, 2nd edn. (Palgrave Macmillan, 2005), pp. 7–28.
Urban Governance and the Post-Fordist City
13. C. Andrew and M. Goldsmith, ‘From Local Government to Local Governance and Beyond’, International Political Science Review, 1998, 19, 101–17.
14. B. Jessop, ‘Hollowing out the "Nation-State" and Multi-Level Governance’, in P. Kennett (ed.), A Handbook of Comparative Social Policy (Edward Elgar, 2004), pp. 11–25.
15. P. Mole, ‘Fordism, Post-Fordism and the Contemporary City’, in J. O’Connor and D. Wynne (eds.), From the Margins to the Centre (Arena, 1996), pp. 15–48.
16. R. E. Stren, ‘Urban Governance in Developing Countries: Experiences and Challenges’, in R. Hambleton and J. Gross (eds.), Governing Cities in a Global Era: Urban Innovation, Competition and Democratic Reform (Palgrave, 2007), pp. 57–69.
Postmodernism and Urban Space
17. M. Davis, ‘Fortress L.A.’, City of Quartz: Excavating the Future of Los Angeles (Verso, 1990), pp. 221–63.
18. M. J. Dear, ‘Prolegomena to a Postmodern Urbanism’, in P. Healey et al. (eds.), Managing Cities: The New Urban Context (Wiley, 1995), pp. 27–44.
19. J. Garreau, ‘The Search for the Future Inside Ourselves: Life on the New Frontier’, Edge City: Life on the New Frontier (Doubleday, 1991), pp. 1–15.
20. M. J. Murray, ‘The Spatial Dynamics of Postmodern Urbanism: Social Polarisation and Fragmentation in Sao Paulo and Johannesburg’, Journal of Contemporary African Studies, 2004, 22, 139–63.
21. J. R. Short, ‘The City and the Global Economy’, The Urban Order: An Introduction to Cities, Culture and Power (Blackwell, 1996), pp. 68–92.
22. E. W. Soja, ‘Postmodern Urbanization: The Six Restructurings of Los Angeles’, in S. Watson and K. Gibson (eds.), Postmodern Cities and Spaces (Blackwell, 1995), pp. 125–37.
PART 2: responses to urban change from national governments
Postwar Physical Redevelopment and Area-Based Social Welfare Projects
23. R. Atkinson and G. Moon, ‘Post-war Urban Problems and the Rediscovery of Poverty’, Urban Policy in Britain: The City, the State and the Market (Macmillan, 1994), pp. 21–42.
24. C. Couch, ‘Aspects of the Historical Development of Urban Renewal’, Urban Renewal: Theory and Practice (Macmillan, 1990), pp. 6–48.
Entrepreneurial and Property-Led Regeneration
25. R. Imrie and H. Thomas, ‘The Limits of Property-Led Regeneration’, Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy, 1993, 11, 87–102.
26. M. Parkinson, ‘The Thatcher Government’s Urban Policy, 1979–1989’, Town Planning Review, 1989, 60, 421–40.
27. I. Turok, ‘Property-Led Urban Regeneration: Panacea or Placebo?’, Environment and Planning A, 1992, 24, 361–79.
Economic Competition in Urban Policy
28. R. Hambleton, ‘The Clinton Policy for Cities: A Transatlantic Assessment’, Planning Practice and Research, 1995, 10, 359–77.
29. N. Oatley, ‘Cities, Economic Competition and Urban Policy’, in Oatley (ed.), Cities, Economic Competition and Urban Policy (Paul Chapman, 1998), pp. 3–20.
Combining Economic Development and Social Justice in Urban Policy
30. P. Chatterton and D. Bradley ‘Bringing Britain Together? The Limitations of Area-Based Regeneration Policies in Addressing Deprivation’, Local Economy, 2000, 15, 98–111.
31. R. Imrie and M. Raco ‘Community and the Changing Nature of Urban Policy’, in R. Imrie and M. Raco (eds.), Urban Renaissance? New Labour, Community and Urban Policy (Policy Press, 2003), pp. 3–31.
32. C. Johnstone and M. Whitehead ‘Horizons and Barriers in British Urban Policy’, in C. Johnstone and M. Whitehead (eds.), New Horizons in British Urban Policy: Perspectives on New Labour’s Urban Renaissance (Ashgate, 2004), pp. 3–21.
33. S. Tiesdell and P. Allmendinger ‘Neighbourhood Regeneration and New Labour’s Third Way’, Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy, 2001, 19, 903–26.
Evaluating National Government Urban Regeneration and Renewal Policies
34. C. Fraser ‘Change in the European Industrial City’, in C. Couch, C. Fraser, and S. Percy (eds.), Urban Regeneration in Europe (Blackwell, 2003), pp. 17–33.
35. P. Gripaios, ‘The Failure of Regeneration Policy in Britain’, Regional Studies, 2002, 36, 568–77.
36. K. Shaw and F. Robinson ‘Learning from Experience? Reflections on Two Decades of British Urban Policy’, Town Planning Review, 1998, 69, 49–63.
37. S. Wilks-Heeg ‘Urban Experiments Limited Revisited: Urban Policy Comes Full Circle?’, Urban Studies, 1996, 33, 1263–79.
38. P. Gripaios et al., ‘Analysing the Impact of Objective 1 Funding in Europe: A Review’, Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy, 2008, 26, 499–524.
PART 3: city responses to urban change
39. R. Griffiths, ‘Making Sameness: Place Marketing and the New Urban Entrepreneurialism’, in N. Oatley (ed.), Cities, Economic Competition and Urban Policy (Paul Chapman, 1998), pp. 41–57.
40. B. Holcomb, ‘Revisioning Place: De- and Re-Constructing the Image of the Industrial City’, in C. Philo and G. Kearns (eds.), Selling Places: The City as Cultural Capital, Past and Present (Pergamon, 1993), pp. 133–43.
41. R. Paddison, ‘City Marketing, Image Reconstruction and Urban Regeneration’, Urban Studies, 1993, 30, 339–50.
42. S. V. Ward, ‘Marketing Re-Invented Cities’, Selling Places: The Marketing and Promotion of Towns and Cities, 1850–2000 (Spon, 1998), pp. 186–208.
Expanding the Leisure and Cultural Economies
43. D. Bell and M. Jayne, ‘‘Design-Led’ Urban Regeneration: A Critical Perspective’, Local Economy, 2003, 18, 121–34.
44. B. García, ‘Cultural Policy in European Cities: Lessons from Experience, Prospects for the Future’, Local Economy, 2004, 19, 312–26.
45. G. Hughes, ‘Urban Revitalisation: The Use of Festive Time Strategies’, Leisure Studies, 1999, 18, 119–35.
46. A. Lovatt and J. O’Connor, ‘Cities and the Night-Time Economy’, Planning Practice and Research, 1995, 10, 127–34.
47. J. Montgomery, ‘Cultural Quarters as Mechanisms for Urban Regeneration—Part 2: A Review of Four Cultural Quarters in the UK, Ireland and Australia’, Planning Practice and Research, 2004, 19, 3–31.
Creative Cities and Creative Industries
48. P. Chatterton, ‘Will the Real Creative City Please Stand Up?’, City, 2000, 4, 390–7.
49. R. Florida, ‘Technology, Talent and Tolerance: The 3T’s of Economic Development’, The Rise of the Creative Class and How It’s Transforming Work, Leisure, Community and Everyday Life (Basic Books, 2002), pp. 249–66.
50. R. Florida, ‘Cities and the Creative Class’, Cities and the Creative Class (Routledge, 2005), pp. 27–45.
51. P. Hall, ‘Creative Cities and Economic Development’, Urban Studies, 2000, 37, 639–49.
52. J. Peck, ‘Struggling with the Creative Class’, International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 2005, 29, 740–70.
Sport and Regeneration
53. C. Gratton, N. Dobson, and S. Shibli, ‘The Role of Major Sports Events in the Economic Regeneration of Cities: Lessons from Six World or European Championships’, in C. Gratton and I. P. Henry (eds.), Sport in the City: The Role of Sport in Economic and Social Regeneration (Routledge, 2001), pp. 35–45.
54. J. Long and I. Sanderson, ‘The Social Benefits of Sport: Where’s the Proof?’, in C. Gratton and I. P. Henry (eds.), Sport in the City: The Role of Sport in Economic and Social Regeneration (Routledge, 2001), pp. 187–203.
55. A. Smith, ‘Large-Scale Events and Sustainable Urban Regeneration: Key Principles for Host Cities’, Journal of Urban Regeneration and Renewal, 2007, 1, 178–90.
56. A. Thornley, ‘Urban Regeneration and Sports Stadia’, European Planning Studies, 2002, 10, 813–18.
City Centre Retail Regeneration
57. J. Brooks and A. Young, ‘Revitalising the Central Business District in the Face of Decline: The Case of New Orleans, 1973–1993’, Town Planning Review, 1993, 64, 251–71.
58. I. R. Cook, ‘Mobilising Urban Policies: The Policy Transfer of US Business Improvement Districts to England and Wales’, Urban Studies, 2008, 45, 773–95.
59. T. J. Dixon, ‘The Role of Retailing in Urban Regeneration’, Local Economy, 2005, 20, 168–82.
60. A. Loukaitou-Sideris, ‘Privatisation of Public Space: The Los Angeles Experience’, Town Planning Review, 1993, 64, 139–67.
61. N. Ravenscroft, ‘The Vitality and Viability of Town Centres’, Urban Studies, 2000, 37, 2533–49.
62. K. A. Robertson, ‘Downtown Redevelopment Strategies in the United States: An End-of-the-Century Assessment’, Journal of the American Planning Association, 1995, 61, 273–86.
Housing-Led Regeneration and Gentrification
63. R. Atkinson, ‘The Evidence on the Impact of Gentrification: New Lessons for the Urban Renaissance’, European Journal of Housing Policy, 2004, 4, 107–31.
64. E. J. Blakely and M. G. Snyder, ‘Forting Up’, Fortress America: Gating Communities in the United States (Brookings Institution and Lincoln Institute of Land Policy, 1997), pp. 1–28.
65. S. Christopherson, ‘The Fortress City: Privatized Spaces, Consumer Citizenship’, in A. Amin (ed.), Post-Fordism: A Reader (Blackwell, 1994), pp. 409–27.
66. L. Lees, ‘A Reappraisal of Gentrification: Towards a "Geography of Gentrification"’, Progress in Human Geography, 2000, 24, 389–408.
67. L. Lees, T. Slater, and E. Wyly, ‘Gentrification: Positive or Negative?’, Gentrification (Routledge, 2008), pp. 195–236.
68. D. P. Smith and L. Holt, ‘Studentification and "Apprentice" Gentrifiers Within Britain’s Provincial Towns and Cities: Extending the Meaning of Gentrification’, Environment and Planning A, 2007, 39, 142–61.
69. N. Smith, ‘New Globalism, New Urbanism: Gentrification as Global Urban Strategy’, Antipode, 2002, 34, 427–50.
70. C. J. Webster, ‘Gated Cities of Tomorrow’, Town Planning Review, 2001, 72, 149–70.
Community Involvement in Urban Regeneration Partnerships
71. R. Goodlad, P. Burton, and J. Croft, ‘Effectiveness at What? The Processes and Impact of Community Involvement in Area-Based Initiatives’, Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy, 2005, 23, 923–38.
72. M. Mayo, ‘Partnerships for Regeneration and Community Development: Some Opportunities, Challenges and Constraints’, Critical Social Policy, 1997, 17, 3–26.
73. M. Taylor, ‘Community Participation in the Real World: Opportunities and Pitfalls in New Governance Spaces’, Urban Studies, 2007, 44, 291–317.
Urban Sustainable Development and Sustainable Communities
74. C. Colomb, ‘Unpacking New Labour’s "Urban Renaissance" Agenda: Towards a Socially Sustainable Reurbanization of British Cities’, Planning Practice and Research, 2007, 22, 1–24.
75. M. Raco and S. Henderson, ‘Sustainable Urban Planning and the Brownfield Development Process in the United Kingdom: Lessons from the Thames Gateway’, Local Environment, 2006, 11, 499–513.
76. M. Raco, S. Henderson, and S. Bowlby, ‘Delivering Brownfield Regeneration: Sustainable Community-Building in London and Manchester’, in T. Dixon et al. (eds.), Sustainable Brownfield Regeneration: Liveable Places from Problem Spaces (Blackwell, 2007), pp. 119–39.