To attract investment and tourists and to enhance the quality of life of their citizens, municipal authorities are paying considerable attention to the quality of the public domain of their cities – including their urban squares. Politicians find them good places for rallies. Children consider squares to be playgrounds, the elderly as places to catch-up with each other, and for many others squares are simply a place to pause for a moment.
Urban Squares as Places, Links and Displays: Successes and Failures discusses how people experience squares and the nature of the people who use them. It presents a ‘typology of squares’ based on the dimensions of ownership, the square’s instrumental functions, and a series of their basic physical attributes including size, degree of enclosure, configuration and organization of the space within them and finally based on their aesthetic attributes – their meanings. Twenty case studies illustrate what works and what does not work in different cities around the world. It discusses the qualities of lively squares and quieter, more restorative places as well as what contributes to making urban squares less desirable as destinations for the general public. The book closes with the policy implications, stressing the importance and difficulties of designing good public places.
Urban Squares offers how-to guidance along with a strong theoretical framework making it ideal for architects, city planners and landscape architects working on the design and upgrade of squares.
Prologue: The Concern
Part 1: Introduction
1. Experiencing Public Open Spaces
2. Squares as Places, Links and Displays
3. Sociocultural Considerations
Part 2: Types of Urban Squares and their Design
4. Public, Quasi-public and Semi-public Squares
5. Types based on Instrumental Functions:
6. Types based on Size
7. Types based on Degree of Enclosure
8. Types based on Configurations
9. Types based on Internal Designs
10. Types based on Symbolic Functions
11. Types based on Design Paradigms
Part 3: Learning from Case Studies
12. A Score of Case Studies
Part 4: What Works and What Doesn’t Work
13. The Qualities of Lively Urban Squares
14. The Qualities of Quiet Urban Squares