Urban Water Engineering and Management: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Urban Water Engineering and Management

1st Edition

By Mohammad Karamouz, Ali Moridi, Sara Nazif

CRC Press

602 pages | 236 B/W Illus.

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pub: 2010-01-20
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Description

In past decades, urban water management practices focused on optimizing the design and operation of water distribution networks, wastewater collection systems, and water and wastewater treatment plants. However, municipalities are now faced with aging urban water infrastructures whose operation must be improved and expanded to maintain current high standards of living as well as new challenges such as climate change, systems sustainability and water quality issues. Integrating the latest developments in urban water hydrology and management, Urban Water Engineering and Management takes a system approach to urban water hydrology, engineering, planning and management, supplying examples and case studies and highlighting pressing issues such as urban water governance, disaster management, and climate change impacts on urban areas. The book draws attention to climate change as a main concern of this century by focusing on its impact the components of water cycle.

The book covers modeling of urban water cycle components, urban water supply, and distribution systems demand forecasting. It also presents classical issues, such as design of water distribution networks and wastewater and storm collection in urban settings, from a system's perspective. The text also includes a discussion of water governance and disaster management in urban areas and the urbanization effects on the environment and the needed water infrastructure development in urban areas. Against this background, the authors discuss the importance of understanding the principles of simulation, optimization, multiple-criterion decision making, and conflict resolution for successful, integrated urban water management. They explore integrated water management and planning solutions for incorporating structural and nonstructural means to achieve the best operational schemes at affordable costs, going beyond using the existing structures and physical limitations on water availability to include technical, social, political, and economic aspects of better water and wastewater management in urban areas.

Written and designed especially for intermediate and advanced courses/modules in water resources in civil and environmental engineering, and in urban planning, the book can be used as a textbook for civil engineering, urban and regional planning, geography, environmental science, and in courses dealing with urban water cycle. It also introduces new horizons for engineers as well as policy and decision makers who plan for future urban water and regional sustainability. Engineers and planners, especially those who work on design, planning, and management of urban systems and/or community development, can use this book in practice because it deals with a broad range of real world urban water problems.

Table of Contents

Introduction

Urban Water Cycle

Interaction of Climatic, Hydrologic Process, and Urban Component

UrbanWater Infrastructure Management

UrbanWater Cycle Management

Summary and Conclusion

References

Governance and UrbanWater Planning

Introduction

Water Sensitive Urban Design

Water Governance

Governance Models .

Absence of Public Participation

Remaining Issues

Urban Planning

UrbanWater Planning

UrbanWater Assessment

Concluding Remarks

References

UrbanWater Hydrology

Introduction

Rainfall–Runoff Analysis in Urban Areas

Excess Rainfall Calculation

Rainfall Measurement

Estimation of Urban Runoff Volume

Unit Hydrographs

Revisiting a Flood Record

A Test of the Significance of the Urban Effect

Hydrologic Modeling System (HEC-HMS)

Problems

References

UrbanWater Supply and Demand

Introduction

History ofWater Supply Development

Water Availability

Water Development and Share ofWater Users

Man-Made and Natural Resources forWater Supplies

Supplementary Sources ofWater

Water Treatment Methods

Water Supply System Challenges

Water Demand

Water Demand Forecasting

Water Storage

Water Distribution System

Hydraulics ofWater Distribution Systems

Pipeline Analysis and Design

Water Quality Modeling in aWater Distribution Network

Concluding Remarks

Problems

References

UrbanWater Demand Management

Introduction

Basic Definitions ofWater Use

Paradigm Shift in UrbanWater Management: Toward Demand Management

The “Soft Path” forWater

UrbanWater Demand Management: Objectives and Strategies

UWDM Screening

UrbanWater Demand

UrbanWater Demand Management Factors

Demographic Considerations

EvaluatingWater Conservation

Future Demand Supply

Conflict Issues inWater Demand Management

Application of UWDM for SustainableWater Development

Concluding Remarks

Problems

References

UrbanWater Drainage System

Introduction

Urban Planning and Stormwater Drainage

Open-Channel Flow in UrbanWatersheds

Components of Urban Stormwater Drainage Systems

Culverts

Design Flow of Surface Drainage Channels

Stormwater Storage Facilities

Risk Issues in Urban Drainage

Urban Floods

Sanitation

Wastewater Management

StormNET: Stormwater andWastewater Modeling

Problems

References

Environmental Impacts of Urbanization

Introduction

Urbanization Effects on the Hydrologic Cycle

Urbanization Impacts onWater Quality

Physical and Ecological Impacts of Urbanization

Urbanization Impacts on Rivers and Lakes

Impacts of Urbanization on Groundwater

Overall State of Impacts

Problems

References

Tools and Techniques

Introduction

Simulation Techniques

Optimization Techniques

Fuzzy Sets and Parameter Imprecision

UrbanWater Systems Economics

Problems

References

UrbanWater Infrastructure

Introduction

UrbanWater Infrastructures

Interactions between the UrbanWater Cycle and Urban Infrastructure Components

Financing Methods for Infrastructure Development

Sustainable Development of UrbanWater Infrastructures

SIM ofWater Mains

Public Benefits from SIM Improvements

Opportunities for SIM Capability Improvement .

Concluding Remarks

Problems .

References

UrbanWater System Dynamics and Conflict Resolution

Introduction

System Dynamics

Conflict Resolution

Case Studies

Conclusion: Making TechnologiesWork

Problems

References

UrbanWater Disaster Management

Introduction

Sources and Kinds of Disasters

What is UWDM?

Societal Responsibilities

Planning Process for UWDM

Water Disaster Management Strategies

Situation Analysis

Disaster Indices

Uncertainties in UrbanWater Engineering

Risk Analysis: Composite Hydrological and Hydraulic Risk

System Readiness

Guidelines for Disaster Management

Developing a Pattern for the Analysis of the System’s Readiness

Conclusion

Problems

References

Climate Change

Introduction

Climate Change Process

Impacts of Climate Change on UrbanWater Supply

Adaptation with Climate Change

Climate Change Prediction

Downscaling Models

Case Studies

Conclusion

Problems

References .

Index

About the Authors

Mohammad Karamouz is affiliated with the Polytechnic Institute of New York University.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
TEC009020
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Civil / General
TEC009110
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Civil / Dams & Reservoirs
TEC010030
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Environmental / Water Supply