Urban Wildlife Management: 3rd Edition (Hardback) book cover

Urban Wildlife Management

3rd Edition

By Clark E. Adams

CRC Press

569 pages | 214 Color Illus.

CHOICE 2018 Outstanding Academic Title Award Winner
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Hardback: 9781498702010
pub: 2016-04-05
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Winner of the 2018 TWS Wildlife Publication Awards in the authored book category

Urban development is one of the leading worldwide threats to conserving biodiversity. In the near future, wildlife management in urban landscapes will be a prominent issue for wildlife professionals. This new edition of Urban Wildlife Management continues the work of its predecessors by providing a comprehensive examination of the issues that increase the need for urban wildlife management, exploring the changing dynamics of the field while giving historical perspectives and looking at current trends and future directions.

The book examines a range of topics on human interactions with wildlife in urbanized environments. It focuses not only on ecological matters but also on political, economic, and societal issues that must be addressed for successful management planning. This edition features an entirely new section on urban wildlife species, including chapters on urban communities, herpetofauna, birds, ungulates, mammals, carnivores, and feral and introduced species.

The third edition features

  • Five new chapters
  • 12 updated chapters
  • Four new case studies
  • Seven new appendices and species profiles
  • 90 new figures
  • A comprehensive analysis of terrestrial vertebrate locations by state and urban observations

Each chapter opens with a set of key concepts which are then examined in the following discussions. Suggested learning experiences to enhance knowledge conclude each chapter. The species profiles cover not only data about the animal concerned but also detail significant current management issues related to the species.

An updated and expanded teaching tool, Urban Wildlife Management, Third Edition identifies the challenges and opportunities facing wildlife in urban communities as well as factors that promote or threaten their presence. It gives both students and professionals a solid grounding in the required fundamental ecological principles for understanding the effects of human-made environments on wildlife.


As urban areas expand into surrounding natural habitat, there are inevitably more interactions between humans and wildlife. In this third edition, Adams (emer., wildlife and fisheries sciences, Texas A&M Univ., College Station) updates a work that filled a void no comprehensive treatment of the subject had previously existed. Significant enhancements to previous editions (CH, Oct'06, 44-0909) include five new chapters, four case studies, seven appendixes/species profiles, and 90 figures. Additional research and data mining contribute a significant amount of new information to this edition. New chapters highlight special management considerations for various types of urban vertebrates. A short profile of an urban species follows each chapter. Though examples and case studies are heavily focused on the United States, the general principles can apply to urban wildlife in any area of the world. Designed to serve as a textbook, this volume synthesizes current information and is the standard text on this subject. It can also serve as a general resource for those interested in this topic. More than 1,000 references fill 41 pages. A similar book, Urban Wildlife Conservation (CH, Jul'15, 52-5883) complements this title, but Adams's work serves as a better introduction to the subject.

--C. E. Buckley, Illinois State University

Summing Up: Essential. All readers.CHOICE

Table of Contents

Introduction: A New Wildlife Management Paradigm

A Snapshot of the Urban Wildlife Management Landscape

Changing Wildlife Values

The Need for a Comprehensive Treatment of Urban Wildlife Management

Understanding and Meeting the Future Challenges of Wildlife Management

Literature Review Limitations

Nature in Human-Dominated Landscapes

Chapter Activities

Case Study I.1: Literature Review on Urban Deer Research

Sidebar I.1: Wildlife Hotline Quiz

Sidebar I.2: Job Description of an Urban Wildlife Biologist

Appendix I.1: Answers to Wildlife Hotline Quiz


Wildlife Management: Past and Present

Key Concepts

Brief History of Wildlife Management in North America

Rise the American Conservation Movement

Demographic Factors That Set the Stages for Urban Wildlife Management

Separation of People and Nature

Reconnecting People and Nature

A New Kind of Wildlife

Chapter Activities

Species Profile: Killdeer (Charadrius vociferous)

Perspective Essay 1.1: Human–Wildlife Interactions in the 1950s

Perspective Essay 1.2: Human–Wildlife Interactions in the 1970s

Principal Components of Urban Wildlife Management

Key Concepts


Urban Habitats as a Dominant Focus of Wildlife Professionals

Need for Wildlife Management in Urban Areas

Traditional and Alternative Methods of Human–Wildlife Conflict Management

Need for Public Education Programs about Urban Wildlife, Management, and Habitats

Alternative Curriculums to Train Urban Wildlife Biologists

Wildlife Management Research Agenda

Naturalist and Natural History

Infrastructure for Urban Wildlife Management Is Missing

Chapter Activities

Case Study 2.1: Neighborhood Moose Killed by Kindness

Perspective Essay 2.1: The Texas Master Naturalist Program

Species Profile: Bobcat (Lynx rufus)


Appendix 2.1: Numbers of Amphibian, Reptile, Bird, and Mammalian Species by State

Appendix 2.2: Amphibians, Reptiles, Birds, and Mammals Reported as Intakes at 17 Animal Rehabilitation Centers Throughout the United States


Ecological Principles in an Urban Context

Key Concepts

Urban Context

Ecological Principles

Ecosystem Structure

Food Chains and Webs

Symbiotic Relationships

Biotic Communities

Ecosystem Function

Ecosystem Services

Ecology of Urban Ecosystems

Even a Peanut Butter Sandwich Has Profound Environmental Impacts

Chapter Activities

Species Profile: Chimney Swift (Chaetura pelagica)

Urban Soils

Key Concepts


Soil Formation

Soil Structure

Soil Horizons

Soil Functions

Soil Biota and Their Functions

Impacts of Urbanization on Soil Structure and Function

Taking Better Care of Urban Soil

Urban Wildlife Management Implications

Chapter Activities

Species Profile: Moles (Talpidae sp.)

Perspective Essay 4.1: Darwin’s Earthworms

Perspective Essay 4.2: Home Composting on a Small Scale

Urban Aquatic Systems

Key Concepts


Flow of Water through an Urban Community

Water Cycle: Nature’s Filter

Caring for the Water Cycle

Riparian Corridors: Streams and Rivers

Urban Stream Syndrome

Aquatic Food Chain

Structural and Functional Adaptations of Fishes

Fish as Indicator Species

Invasive and Introduced Species

Restoration of Riparian Habitats

Urban Wetlands

Urban (Community) Fisheries Programs

Chapter Activities

Case Study 5.1: Controlling Exotic Flora with Exotic Fauna

Species Profile: American Beaver (Castor canadensis)

Population Dynamics

Key Concepts





Factors Affecting Population Densities

How Populations Grow

Population Growth Rate Patterns

Effects of Habitat Fragmentation on Population Dynamics

Effects of Supplemental Feeding on Population Dynamics

Effects of Animal Damage Control Activities on Population Dynamics

Effects of Environmental Pollutants on Wildlife Population Dynamics

Chapter Activity

Species Profile: Tree Squirrels (Sciurus spp.)


Urban Green Spaces

Key Concepts


Green Spaces

Remnant Habitat Patches

Successional Habitat Patches

Managed Habitat Patches

Chapter Activities

Perspective Essay 7.1: Birds in Texas Cemeteries

Perspective Essay 7.2: For the Love of Lawns

Species Profile: Red Fox (Vulpes vulpes)

Urban Gray Spaces

Key Concepts


Buildings, Windows, and Towers

Roads and Highways

Bridges, Birds, and Bats

Landfills, Dumpsters, and Garbage Cans


Chapter Activities

Species Profile: Mexican Free-Tailed Bat (Tadarida brasiliensis)


Urban Herpetofauna (Amphibians and Reptiles)

Key Concepts




Chapter Activities

Species Profile 9.1: Gray Tree Frog (Hyla versicolor)

Species Profile 9.2: Green Anole (Anolis carolinensis)

Appendix 9.1: State Totals of Amphibians and Reptiles and Numbers of Each Class Observed in Urban Communities

Urban Birds

Key Concepts


Class Aves Taxonomy of Living Orders in the United States

Distinguishing Characteristics and Life Cycle

Management for Birds in Urban Habitats

National Distribution by States

Urban Observations

Chapter Activities

Species Profile: Common Poorwill (Chordeiles minor)

Appendix 10.1: State Totals of Birds and Numbers of Each Species Observed in Urban Communities Somewhere in the United States

Urban Mammals

Key Concepts


Class Mammalia Taxonomy

Distinguishing Characteristics and Life Cycle

Management for Mammals in Urban Habitats

National Distribution by States

Urban Observations

Urban Raccoons (Procyon lotor)

Urban Coyotes (Canis latrans)

Chapter Activities

Species Profile: California Sea Lion (Zalophus californianus)

Appendix 11.1: State Totals of Mammals and Numbers of Each Species Observed in Urban Communities Somewhere in the United States

Urban Threatened, Endangered, and Extirpated Species

Key Concepts


Diversity of T/E Species

Chapter Activities

Urban Introduced and Invasive Species

Key Concepts


Introduced Species

Invasive and Feral Species Introductions

Case Studies of Invasive Species

Case Studies of Feral Species

Invasive Species Management Plans

Chapter Activities

Species Profile: Monk Parakeet (Myiopsitta monachus)

Resident Canada Geese and Urban White-Tailed Deer

Key Concepts


Factors That Contributed to Geese and Deer Abundance in Urban America

Extent of the Problem: A National Assessment

Distribution of Resident Canada Geese and White-Tailed Deer in the Continental United States

Human Response to Resident Canada Geese and Urban White-Tailed Deer

Ecological Impacts of Resident Canada Geese and Urban White-Tailed Deer

Health and Safety Issues

Management Strategies for Overabundant Resident Canada Geese and Urban White-Tailed Deer Populations

Chapter Activity

Case Study 14.1: A Tale of Two Cities


Human Dimensions of Urban Wildlife Management

Key Concepts


The "People Factor"

Conducting Human Dimensions Research

Surveying Wildlife Recreationists

Role of Human Dimensions in Urban Wildlife Management

Working with Urban Stakeholders

Chapter Activities

Perspective Essay 15.1: Urbanites’ Fear of the Natural World around Them

Case Study 15.1: Stakeholders Disagree on Best Approach for Managing Fallow Deer

Legal Aspects of Urban Wildlife Management

Key Concepts

Wildlife Law 101

Federal Laws

State Laws

County and Municipal Laws

Local Ordinances

Who’s in Charge Here?

Chapter Activities

Sidebar 16.1: New Berlin vs. Hagar

Sidebar 16.2: Urban Wildlife Damage Principles

Species Profile: Cattle Egret (Bubulcus ibis)

Zoonoses and Management Considerations

Key Concepts

What Are Zoonoses?

Wildlife and Weaponization of Zoonotic Diseases

Parasitic Diseases

Mycotic Diseases

Bacterial Diseases

Viral Diseases

Prion Diseases

Chapter Activities

Species Profile: American Robin (Turdus migratorius)

Appendix: Lists of Terrestrial Amphibians, Reptiles, Birds, and Mammals by States and Those Observed in Urbanized Communities in the United States





Sources of Information on National, State, and Urban Lists of Amphibians, Reptiles, Birds, and Mammals


About the Author

Clark E. Adams is an emeritus professor in the Department of Wildlife and Fisheries Sciences (WFSC) at Texas A&M University in College Station. He earned his PhD in zoology from the University of Nebraska–Lincoln and completed a 51-year teaching and research career on August 31, 2015. He chaired the Conservation Education Committee for The Wildlife Society (TWS), edited the newsletter for the Human Dimensions of Wildlife Study Group, was a member of the Urban Wildlife Management Working Group, and has chaired many committees for the Texas Chapter of TWS. He is a former president of the Texas Chapter of TWS and as well as the Southwest Section of TWS. Since 1981, he and his students have conducted and published many national, regional, and statewide studies on the public’s activities, attitudes, expectations, and knowledge concerning wildlife. He developed the degree option in urban wildlife and fisheries management for the WFSC and developed and taught the senior-level urban wildlife management course. He received the 2015 Outstanding Achievement in Urban Wildlife Conservation award from the TWS Urban Wildlife Working Group. He is also the coauthor of Texas Rattlesnake Roundups.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
NATURE / Ecology
SCIENCE / Life Sciences / Zoology / General
SCIENCE / Life Sciences / General
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Agriculture / Forestry