This book examines how fiscal policy and management can promote gender equality in developing as well as developed countries. Providing an international look at gender budgeting, it draws on countries at different levels of development, with an emphasis on low-income developing countries. It introduces the reader to the main trends in gender equality, the key ideas and rationale of gender budgeting from a fiscal policy perspective and where gender budgeting fits into public financial management.
It offers case studies and other empirical evidence from developing, emerging, and developed countries on what works in using fiscal policy and public financial management to narrow gender gaps in education, health care, access to infrastructure, and economic empowerment. It also provides policy recommendations appropriate to countries at different levels of development.
The reader will gain an understanding of how fiscal policy and public financial management can contribute to gender equality and women’s advancement. The book provides a well-grounded set of conclusions and policy recommendations, drawn from evaluation of the evidence. The focus is on low-income developing countries but is combined with a well-rounded look at developing countries, more generally, emerging markets, and developed countries as well.
This book will be a valuable resource for economists and policy makers, particularly those in developing countries still grappling with large disparities between women and men. It will also prove useful to researchers and those who provide technical assistance and aid to countries on fiscal policies and tools for gender equality.
Table of Contents
1 Introduction 2 Trends in Gender Equality and Women’s Development 3 Gender Budgeting and Improved Fiscal Policies to Promote Gender Equality and Women’s Development 4 Incorporating Gender Budgeting Into Good Public Financial Management 5 Sub-Saharan Africa: A Survey of Gender Budgeting Efforts 6 Asia: A Survey of Gender Budgeting Efforts 7 Emerging Markets and Developing Countries: A Survey of Gender Budgeting Efforts 8 Developed Countries: A Survey of Gender Budgeting Efforts 9 The Effect of Gender Budgeting and Intergovernmental Grants on Gender Equality in India: An Empirical Analysis 10 General Summary, Recommendations, and Conclusions
Janet G. Stotsky is a consultant on applied public policies and women and development. She is a retired senior staff of the International Monetary Fund where she was a fiscal and macroeconomics expert and led a project on gender budgeting. She has worked at the U.S. Treasury and taught at Rutgers and American Universities. She has a Ph.D. in economics from Stanford University.