Using Judgments in Second Language Acquisition Research: 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

Using Judgments in Second Language Acquisition Research

1st Edition

By Patti Spinner, Susan M. Gass


166 pages | 14 B/W Illus.

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Synthesizing the theory behind and methodology for conducting judgment tests, Using Judgments in Second Language Acquisition Research aims to clarify the issues surrounding this method and to provide best practices in its use. The text is grounded on a balanced and comprehensive background of the usage of judgment data in the past up through its present-day applications. SLA researchers and graduate students will find useful a chapter serving as a "how-to" guide for a variety of situations to conduct research using judgments, including ways to optimize task design and examples from successful studies. Lucid and practical, Using Judgments in Second Language Acquisition Research offers guidance on a method widely used by SLA researchers, both old and new to the field.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents




Chapter 1: Judgment Data in Linguistic Research

1. Introduction

2. Judgment Data in Linguistics

3. Conclusion

Chapter 2: Judgment Data in L2 Research: Historical and Theoretical Perspectives

1. Introduction

2. Judgment Data in Second Language Research

3. L2 Judgment Data: A Brief History

4. What Knowledge is Being Measured?

5. What are Judgment Tasks Used for?

6. Intervening Variables

7. Conclusion

Chapter 3: Uses of Judgments in L2 Research

  1. Introduction
  2. Frameworks

3. Knowledge Types

4. Specific Constructs

5. Additional Research Areas

6. What languages Have Been Used?

7. Proficiency Levels

8.. Conclusion

Chapter 4: A Guide to Using Judgment Tasks in L2 Research

1. Introduction

2. Design Features

3. Other Considerations

4. Data Sharing

5. Conclusion

Chapter 5: Variations on Judgment Tasks

  1. Introduction
  2. Interpretation Tasks

3. Pragmatic Tasks

4. Preference Tasks

5. Error Correction Tasks

6. Multiple-Choice Tasks

7. Judgment Tasks in Combination With Psycholinguistic and Neurolinguistic Measures

8. Many Task Types in One

9. Conclusion

Chapter 6: Analyzing Judgment Data

  1. Introduction
  2. Cleaning the Data

3. Scoring Responses to Binary and Scalar Judgments

4. Scoring Corrections

5. Basic Inferential Statistics With Judgment Data

6. Reporting Individual Results

7. Rasch Analysis

8. Analyzing Likert Scale Data: z-Scores

9. Binary Judgments: d-Prime Scores

10. Analyzing Magnitude Estimation Scores

11. Using Response Time Data

12. Using Judgment Data Results in Conjunction With Other Measures

13. Conclusion

About the Authors

Patti Spinner is Associate Professor at Michigan State University. Her work focuses on the acquisition of grammar by second language learners. She has published numerous articles in journals such as Studies in Second Language Acquisition, Language Learning, Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism, Applied Linguistics, and more.

Susan M. Gass is University Distinguished Professor at Michigan State University. She has published widely in the field of Second Language Acquisition, including the textbook Second Language Acquisition: An Introductory Course (Routledge), co-authored with Jennifer Behney and Luke Plonsky. She co-edits (with Alison Mackey) the Routledge series on Second Language Acquisition Research.

About the Series

Second Language Acquisition Research Series

The Second Language Acquisition Research series presents and explores issues bearing directly on theory construction and/or research methods in the study of second language acquisition. Its titles (both authored and edited volumes) provide thorough and timely overviews of high-interest topics, and include key discussions of existing research findings and their implications. A special emphasis of the series is reflected in the monographs dealing with specific data collection methods or instruments.  Each of these monographs addresses the kinds of research questions for which the method/instrument is best suited, offers extended description of its use, and outlines the problems associated with its use. The volumes in this series will be invaluable to students and scholars alike, and perfect for use in courses on research methodology and in individual research.


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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Linguistics / General