Synthesizing the theory behind and methodology for conducting judgment tests, Using Judgments in Second Language Acquisition Research aims to clarify the issues surrounding this method and to provide best practices in its use. The text is grounded on a balanced and comprehensive background of the usage of judgment data in the past up through its present-day applications. SLA researchers and graduate students will find useful a chapter serving as a "how-to" guide for a variety of situations to conduct research using judgments, including ways to optimize task design and examples from successful studies. Lucid and practical, Using Judgments in Second Language Acquisition Research offers guidance on a method widely used by SLA researchers, both old and new to the field.
Table of Contents
Chapter 1: Judgment Data in Linguistic Research
2. Judgment Data in Linguistics
Chapter 2: Judgment Data in L2 Research: Historical and Theoretical Perspectives
2. Judgment Data in Second Language Research
3. L2 Judgment Data: A Brief History
4. What Knowledge is Being Measured?
5. What are Judgment Tasks Used for?
6. Intervening Variables
Chapter 3: Uses of Judgments in L2 Research
3. Knowledge Types
4. Specific Constructs
5. Additional Research Areas
6. What languages Have Been Used?
7. Proficiency Levels
Chapter 4: A Guide to Using Judgment Tasks in L2 Research
2. Design Features
3. Other Considerations
4. Data Sharing
Chapter 5: Variations on Judgment Tasks
3. Pragmatic Tasks
4. Preference Tasks
5. Error Correction Tasks
6. Multiple-Choice Tasks
7. Judgment Tasks in Combination With Psycholinguistic and Neurolinguistic Measures
8. Many Task Types in One
Chapter 6: Analyzing Judgment Data
3. Scoring Responses to Binary and Scalar Judgments
4. Scoring Corrections
5. Basic Inferential Statistics With Judgment Data
6. Reporting Individual Results
7. Rasch Analysis
8. Analyzing Likert Scale Data: z-Scores
9. Binary Judgments: d-Prime Scores
10. Analyzing Magnitude Estimation Scores
11. Using Response Time Data
12. Using Judgment Data Results in Conjunction With Other Measures
The Second Language Acquisition Research series presents and explores issues bearing directly on theory construction and/or research methods in the study of second language acquisition. Its titles (both authored and edited volumes) provide thorough and timely overviews of high-interest topics, and include key discussions of existing research findings and their implications. A special emphasis of the series is reflected in the monographs dealing with specific data collection methods or instruments. Each of these monographs addresses the kinds of research questions for which the method/instrument is best suited, offers extended description of its use, and outlines the problems associated with its use. The volumes in this series will be invaluable to students and scholars alike, and perfect for use in courses on research methodology and in individual research.