1st Edition

Vacuum Science, Technology and Applications

By Pramod K. Naik Copyright 2018
    260 Pages
    by CRC Press

    260 Pages 120 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    Vacuum plays an important role in science and technology. The study of interaction of charged particles, neutrals and radiation with each other and with solid surfaces requires a vacuum environment for reliable investigations. Vacuum has contributed to major advancements made in nuclear science, space, metallurgy, electrical/electronic technology, chemical engineering, transportation, robotics and many other fields. This book is intended to assist students, scientists, technicians and engineers with understanding the basics of vacuum science and technology for application in their projects. The fundamental theories, concepts, devices, applications, and key inventions are discussed.

    Preface and Acknowledgements



    1. Kinetic Theory of Gases

    2. Flow of Gas and Conductance

    3. Surface Phenomena

    4. Interaction of Neutrals, Charged Particles and Radiation with Gases in Vacuum

    5. Measurement of Pressure

    6. Vacuum Pumps

    7. System Design

    8. Vacuum Measurement Methods

    9. Vacuum Materials, Hardware, Fabrication Techniques, Cleaning Processes and Surface Treatment

    10. Leak Detection

    11. Extreme High Vacuum

    12. Applications


    Pramod K. Naik has been actively involved in Vacuum Science & Technology since 1958. He obtained Ph. D. in Physics from the University of Bombay (now Mumbai University). He investigated electrical oscillations in "Philips Ionization Gauge" and allied type of D.C. glow discharge with Dr. V T Chiplonkar at the Institute of Science, Mumbai. He joined the Atomic Energy Establishment, Trombay (now Bhabha Atomic Research Centre) at Mumbai in 1961. At BARC, he was engaged in development of high and ultrahigh vacuum components and systems. He was appointed as a member of the expert group formed for the Synchrotron Radiation Source. At BARC, he developed thermal desorption spectrometer and investigated entrapment of energetic inert gas ions near molybdenum solid surface. He has published many papers in reputed international journals. He worked with Dr. R G Herb at the University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin USA in the field of ultrahigh vacuum and developed the glass orbitron pump. He has also worked at the Westinghouse Electric Corporation (now Eaton Corporation) where he was engaged in absorption of Vacuum Interrupter technology. He worked as a manager at Crompton Greaves, Aurangabad. He has been associated with the Indian Vacuum Society and has organized a number of short-term courses in Vacuum Science & Technology. He received the Lifetime Achievement Award for his outstanding contributions in the field of Vacuum Science & Technology from the Indian Vacuum Society in the year 2003.