Assessing natural resource damages often requires the use of nonmarket valuation techniques that were developed for use in benefit-cost analyses. Natural resource damage assessment dramatically changes the context for applying them. Two aspects of this context are especially important. First, damages are to be measured by the monetary value of the losses people experience, including their use and nonuse values, because of injuries to natural resources---a process requiring careful delineation of how the injuries connect to the resource's services. Second, a single identified entry---not generalized, anonymous taxpayers---must pay damages based on what is measured, and evaluations of the measurement techniques take place not in agency meeting rooms but in courtrooms. Contributors to Valuing Natural Assets examine the ways in which requirements for damage assessment change how the measures are used, presented, received, and defended. Drawing upon their personal involvement with the process and the research issues it has raised---both in providing analysis for defendants or plaintiffs in damage assessment cases and in writing for academic journals---their chapters reflect individual research programs that temper the rigorous demands of scholarship with the equally demanding standards of litigation.
Table of Contents
1. Introduction Raymond J. Kopp and V. Kerry Smith 2. Understanding Damages to Natural Assets Raymond J. Kopp and V. Kerry Smith Part 1: Statutes, Rulemaking, and Practice 3. Natural Resource Damages, Superfund, and the Courts Frederick R. Anderson 4. Uncertain Legal Issues: Comments on Chapter 3 Howard Kenison 5. Economics of Natural Resource Damage Assessment: A Critique Gardner M. Brown, Jr. 6. Economics of Natural Resource Damage Assessment: Comments on Chapter 5 Willie R. Taylor 7. Implementing Natural Resource Damage Assessments Raymond J. Kopp and V. Kerry Smith Part 2: Measuring Natural Resource Damages 8. Indirect Methods for Assessing Natural Resource Damages Under CERCLA Kenneth E. McConnell 9. Assessing Natural Resource Damages with Indirect Methods: Comments on Chapter 8 Robert Mendelsohn 10. Use of Direct Methods for Valuing Natural Resource Damages William D. Schulze 11. Contingent Valuation and the Legal Arena Richard T. Carson and Robert Cameron Mitchell Part 3: Two Key Conceptual Dimensions of Damage Assessment 12. Marking Time with CERCLA: Assessing the Effect of Time on Damages from Hazardous Waste Ralph C. d'Arge 13. Nonuse Values in Natural Resource Damage Assessment A. Myrick Freeman III Part 4: Research Implications of Damage Assessment 14. Natural Resource Damage Assessment: The Road Ahead Raymond J. Kopp and V. Kerry Smith
'The issues raised are pertinent to economic consequence assessments, and perhaps to the economic model developed at National Radiological Protection Board. .. . The introductory chapter, written by the editors, is particularly valuable in this respect.' Radiological Protection Bulletin 'This important book by senior U.S. environmental and natural resource economists represents the state of the art in defining and measuring the economic value of natural resources. . . . The authors provide an excellent overview of the economic theory and practice of resource valuation. . . [that will] meet the rigorous standards of scholarship, [and] serve the needs of legislators, policy makers and administrators. . . .' Ecological Economics