Vein Pattern Recognition: A Privacy-Enhancing Biometric, 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

Vein Pattern Recognition

A Privacy-Enhancing Biometric, 1st Edition

By Chuck Wilson

CRC Press

307 pages | 89 B/W Illus.

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Paperback: 9781138115316
pub: 2017-06-14
Hardback: 9781439821374
pub: 2010-03-10
eBook (VitalSource) : 9780429246081
pub: 2010-03-10
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As one of the most promising biometric technologies, vein pattern recognition (VPR) is quickly taking root around the world and may soon dominate applications where people focus is key. Among the reasons for VPR’s growing acceptance and use: it is more accurate than many other biometric methods, it offers greater resistance to spoofing, it focuses on people and their privacy, and has few negative cultural connotations.

Vein Pattern Recognition: A Privacy-Enhancing Biometric provides a comprehensive and practical look at biometrics in general and at vein pattern recognition specifically. It discusses the emergence of this reliable but underutilized technology and evaluates its capabilities and benefits. The author, Chuck Wilson, an industry veteran with more than 25 years of experience in the biometric and electronic security fields, examines current and emerging VPR technology along with the myriad applications of this dynamic technology. Wilson explains the use of VPR and provides an objective comparison of the different biometric methods in use today—including fingerprint, eye, face, voice recognition, and dynamic signature verification.

Highlighting current VPR implementations, including its widespread acceptance and use for identity verification in the Japanese banking industry, the text provides a complete examination of how VPR can be used to protect sensitive information and secure critical facilities. Complete with best-practice techniques, the book supplies invaluable guidance on selecting the right combination of biometric technologies for specific applications and on properly implementing VPR as part of an overall security system.


… a clear road map for the past, present, and future of biometrics … a practical guide to biometrics in a clear and easy to understand form, even for non-technicians. This thoroughly researched book covers the main technologies in use today and explains the principles of operation and appropriate uses of each. … provides significant details for each system. … Read this book and get a glimpse of how bright the future can be if we are all empowered rather than encumbered by technology

— Kevin R. Walsh, Senior Vice President R&D, Oracle Corporation, Asia Pacific Division

Chapter Five is especially insightful, detailing the various uses of VPR biometrics and how it has seen significant use in Japan, especially in the financial sector for identity verification. … an excellent reference for anyone who wants to get a handle on the various types of biometric technologies.

— Ben Rothke, CISSP, CISA, in Security Management

Table of Contents


Identity Management

Security of Exclusion (SOE)

Security of Inclusion (SOI)

Security of Accountability (SOA)

Access Control

Role-Based Access Control (RBAC)

Authorization and Authentication

Biometrics Modalities

What Makes A Good Biometric?

Primary Biometric Types

Physical Characteristics

Behavioral Characteristics

Nontraditional Biometric Systems

Comparison of Traditional Biometric Types

Anatomy of Biometric Systems

Components of a Biometric System

Stages of the Biometric Process

Verification / Identification Transactions

Biometrics and Smart Cards

Vein Pattern Recognition Modality

VPR Authentication Process

People Considerations

Light Imaging

VPR Sub-Modalities

Back of the Hand

The Palm

The Finger

Vein Pattern Recognition Applications

Physical Access


Financial Institutions


Safe Deposit Boxes

Self-Service Solutions

Logical Access

Health Care Services

Electronic Benefits Transfer

Strong Authentication

Workforce Management








Drivers’ Licenses

Travel and Border Crossings

Embedded Biometrics

Evaluation and Protection of Vein Pattern Recognition Systems

Biometric Performance Metrics

Enrollment Metrics

Verification Metrics

Identification Metrics

Biometric Standards and Testing

Conformance Tests

Interoperability Tests

Performance Tests

Circumventing Biometrics

Attacking a Biometric System

Thwarting the Attacks

Multibiometric Systems

Limitations of Unimodal Systems

Multiple Integration Strategies

How Multi-Biometric Systems Work

Processing Speed Improvement

Accuracy Improvement


Key Issues

Multimodal Architecture

Total Cost of Ownership

User Enrollment and Training

Combining Biometric Methodologies

Plan Your Biometric System: A How-To Guide

Plan the Plan

Control the Plan

Execute the Plan

Design the Solution

Test the Solution

Deploy the Solution

Evaluate the Project

Issues in Vein Pattern Recognition


Privacy Threats

Privacy Enhancements

Privacy Legislation

Balancing Privacy and Security

Best Practices

The Business Case




About the Author

Chuck Wilson has worked in the information technology (IT) industry for more than 30 years. He worked in the card processing industry for more than two decades, and has been researching and writing about smart cards and biometrics for ten years. Wilson spent 12 years with Electronic Data Systems (EDS) managing payment services and electronic benefits transfer (EBT) businesses. Mr. Wilson was Senior Vice President of CardSystems Solutions Inc., in Addison, Texas, where he led the development of emerging payment products. He was also Senior Director at Hitachi America where he headed up the Hitachi Security Solutions business in North America, focusing on biometrics and smart card solutions.

Today, Wilson manages and directs the Identity Verification business practice for ii2P, based in Southlake, Texas. In June 2001, Wilson’s first book, Get Smart, was published regarding the emergence of smart cards in the United States and their pivotal roles in electronic commerce.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
COMPUTERS / Security / General
HISTORY / Military / General