1st Edition

Vernacular Architecture: Towards a Sustainable Future

Edited By C. Mileto, F. Vegas, L. García Soriano, V. Cristini Copyright 2015

    Sustainability is a concept that has monopolised a large number of the scientific debates in a wide range of spheres connected not only with architecture, urban planning and construction, but also with the product market, tourism, culture, etc. However, sustainability is indissolubly linked to vernacular architecture and the lessons this architecture of the past can teach us for the future. The concept of sustainability as it is presented is wide-reaching and encompasses not only environmental issues but also sociocultural and socioeconomic questions. The lessons we can learn from studying vernacular architecture in these three broad spheres are manifold, and can help us not only to further the conservation and retrieval of this architecture already in existence but to rethink new architecture in the light of what we have learned.

    Vernacular Architecture: Towards a Sustainable Future will be a valuable source of information for academics and professionals in the fields of Environmental Science, Civil Engineering, Construction and Building Engineering and Architecture.

    Organization and committees
    Conference support

    Plenary lectures

    Vernacular architecture and sustainability: Two or three lessons…
    M. Vellinga

    Vernacular architecture in the modern concept of cultural heritage
    J.M. Ballester


    Conservation of morphological characters as an approach to thermal comfort
    A.R. Abd Elrady & M.H. Hassan

    Domes of adobe and stone on the rural architecture of centre of Castilla y León (Spain)
    O. Abril & F. Lasheras

    Vernacular heritage solutions for sustainable architecture: The Phlegraean islands
    M. Achenza, I. Giovagnorio & L. Cannas

    Approaches to nature in Iranian traditional houses in terms of environmental sustainability
    S. Adeli & M. Abbasi

    Conservation of the vernacular heritage in the villages of Bursa, Turkey
    Z. Ahunbay, T. Ayrancılar, A. Polat & A. Uray

    Láguena, a roofing technique in Campo de Cartagena, Spain
    Í. Almela & L. Martínez

    Understanding matter to think and build differently: The amàco project
    N. Álvarez, R. Anger, M.M. Bisiaux, H. Houben & L. Fontaine

    Project proposal for the urban redevelopment of Oia, the sunset town
    M. Antonelli, C. Crescenzi & V. Grillo

    Perishable materials architectures in Northern Italy (from Roman times to nowadays)
    A. Antonini

    Qualitative criteria for defining the safety analysis of Ottoman bath structures
    K. Apak

    The habitat of transhumant shepherds at Mgoun Valley, High Atlas (Morocco)
    J. Asencio, J.M. Mateos & R.M. Moreno

    The construction project of the Moklen ethnic house, Sea Gypsy architecture
    in Southern Thailand 81
    M. Attavanich & H. Kobayashi

    Sustainability in Saudi vernacular built environment: The case of Al-Ahsa
    M.K. Attia

    Vernacular houses of Datca Peninsula: Architectural typology and its sustainability
    O.B. Avsar

    Vernacular architecture in Saudi Arabia: Revival of displaced traditions
    M.O. Babsail & J. Al-Qawasmi

    Jordanian vernacular architecture
    E. Baglioni

    10-year experience from vernacular architecture to contemporary sustainability
    M. Balzani, P. Massai & L. Rossato

    Preservation of vernacular schist masonry farm walls
    C.E. Barroso, D.V. Oliveira & L.F. Ramos

    Adapting vernacular architecture: The case of the Singapore Cottage in Melbourne
    R. Beeston & N. Matarredona

    Preservation and energy behavior in Aosta Valley’s traditional buildings
    C. Bionaz

    Strategies for energy retrofitting of vernacular architecture of Cabanyal-Canyamelar
    J. Blanco, B. Serrano, L. Ortega & L. Soto

    Straw as construction material for sustainable buildings: Life Cycle Assessment of a post-earthquake reconstruction
    A. Bonoli, S. Rizzo & C. Chiavetta

    Studies on vernacular architecture in Italy: The experience of G. Ciribini (1913–1990)
    D. Bosia

    Guidelines for rehabilitation of vernacular architecture
    D. Bosia & L. Savio

    Perceptions of vernacular architecture
    G. Bosman & C. Whitfield

    Sustainability features of vernacular architecture in Southern Algeria
    A. Bouchair

    The Kasbah of Dellys in Algeria, revitalization and conservation through tourism
    D. Boussaa

    Restoration and rehabilitation in Palestine: Hosh el Etem in the historic centre of Birzeit
    K. Bshara, J. Barlet & R. Salem

    Study of the behaviour of agglomerates with lime: Mortars, concretes, soils
    M. Camprubí, M. Cònsola & X. Vallory

    Life Cycle Assessment as a means to grow awareness on the environmental impact of conservation
    C. Careccia & M. D’Incognito

    Open Tools applied to low-tech curved roofings, Elche & Muchamiel, Spain
    J. Carrasco, J. Bermejo, P. Ferrando, A. Enguita & J. Toledo

    Via Traiana—an ancient route for contemporary territorial development
    G. Ceraudo & L. Salierno

    Traditional housing in Calabria: Past and present
    R. Chimirri

    VerSus project: Lessons from vernacular heritage for sustainable architecture
    M. Correia, G.D. Carlos, H. Guillaud, S. Mecca, M. Achenza, F. Vegas & C. Mileto

    Vernacular seismic culture in Portugal: On-going research
    M. Correia, G.D. Carlos, D. Viana & F. Gomes

    The application of traditional “tube house” in water revitalization
    M. Dao Le Hong

    Sustainable living: Environmental integration in 15 vernacular Spanish houses
    M. de Luxán, G. Gómez & E. Román

    Structural analysis of traditional gypsum walls from the 12th century in Spain
    B. de Miguel & G. Pardo

    Guastavino vaulting: Adaptation of Spanish vernacular architecture in the USA
    B. de Miguel, K. Diebolt & G. Pardo

    Log driving on the Turia river: Spain: Provisional structures
    M. Diodato, P. Privitera & S. García Sáez

    Local seismic culture and earthquake-resistant devices: Case study of Casa Baraccata
    L. Dipasquale, D. Omar Sidik & S. Mecca

    The Sado’s estuary huts, vernacular forms and ways of living the space
    M. dos Santos

    Vernacular morphology as a preventive solution of local seismic culture
    G.D. Carlos, M. Correia, D.L. Viana & F. Gomes

    Aisle-truss houses of Northern Jutland: Strategies for sustainable design
    B.T. Eybye

    Sustainable features in vernacular houses of Shushtar
    B. Fakharian

    Primary energy and CO2 emissions in vernacular as compared to conventional architecture
    M. Fernández, A. Martínez, A. Alonso & V. Llopis

    Features and conservation issues of stone houses in the inland Abruzzo
    D. Fiorani

    Renewable energy sources for rural architecture in fragile landscapes
    G. Franco & S.F. Musso

    Thermal zoning and natural ventilation in vernacular Anatolian settlements
    T. Frank, C. Luke & C. Roosevelt

    The Porticoes of Bologna: Methodology for sustainable restoration
    C. Galli & F. Naldi

    Lessons from the vernacular architecture in Sierra Mágina, Jaén
    J. García & C. López

    Study and preservation of a fresquera
    M. Genís-Vinyals, J. Planelles-Salvans, C. Sanmartí, O. Palou, R. Lacuesta & D. Sancho

    Climatic analysis methodology of vernacular architecture
    I.J. Gil, M.M. Barbero & L. Maldonado

    Architecture by the vineyards: The case of Caudete de las Fuentes
    R. Giménez & S. Tomás

    Local Seismic Culture in Portugal: Melides dwellings, a reactive approach case study
    F. Gomes, M. Correia, G.D. Carlos & D. Viana

    Continuing Tradition: Farms in the northeast region of Portugal
    J. Gonçalves, R. Mateus & T. Ferreira

    Ancient techniques, new architecture
    A. González & M.C. Lazzarini

    Ensuring survival of vernacular buildings in rural towns (NSW)
    S. Jackson-Stepowski

    Organic architecture based on vernacular heritage: The CIRCE building
    P. Jebens-Zirkel & M. Figols González

    A relation between the passive design and local community in Rincón de Ademuz, Spain
    W. Ji

    Methodology to characterize the use of pine needles in adobes of Chiapas, Mexico
    N.J. Jiménez, L.F. Guerrero & F. Jové

    Bioclimatic analysis for a vernacular Guarani house
    M.A. Jiménez & L.E. Gonçalves

    Teaching the vernacular: Lessons for a local sustainable architecture in Chile
    N. Jorquera

    A typical island habitat: The baracca of Carloforte
    F. Juan-Vidal & A. Merlo

    Transformation between corbelling and lintel: Abrigo and Espigueiro
    B. Juvanec

    Exploration of sustainable reform on urban villages in Zhangjiagang
    X. Kanda & S. Yong

    Sustainability of the thatched house in Nadasyo village in Fukui prefecture, Japan
    H. Kobayashi, K. Fukui & H. Mitani

    Gypsum quarries used in Valencian architecture: Past, present and future
    V. La Spina, L. García Soriano, C. Mileto & F. Vegas

    Historical centers in Sabine, Italy: Links between architecture and environment
    S. Landi

    Sustainability notions in vernacular architecture of Choapa Valley
    M.L. Lobos, N. Jorquera & F. Pfenniger

    Form and materiality in contemporary Southern Moroccan architecture
    J.M. López-Osorio, T. García, E. España & D. Arredondo

    Habitat and vernacular architecture of the Sama Range (Bolivia)
    J.M. López-Osorio, M. Ventura, M. Alves de Freitas & P. Vásquez

    Architectures in transformation in Perú: Tradition and modernity
    J.M. López-Osorio, G. Ríos & U. Martín

    Sustainable architecture in the traditional rural environment: Moratalla
    P.A. López & F.J. Sánchez

    Gypsum and giant canes in the Sicilian traditional architecture
    A. Mamì

    The ornament of the south facing turret and the Islamic wall fragment, Valencia (Spain)
    J. March-Estrada, S. Martínez, S. Kröner & X. Mas-Barberà

    Topological and architectonic study of the cave houses in La Romana, Alicante (Spain)
    A. Martínez, V. Blanca & F. Aranda

    The B4U assessment tool for urban regeneration projects and its Profit indicators
    C. Mateo & A. Fernández

    The impact of using triangular shapes on the Nubian and Najdi architectural composition
    N. Mohamed Gharib & W.M.H. Mohamed

    French vernacular heritage to inspire a new sustainable architecture
    S. Moriset, N. Sánchez & E. Sevillano

    Wooden, gypsum and cork floor in the Sicilian construction tradition
    L. Mormino

    Restoration of the dry stone masonry channel at the Monastery of L’Estany
    A.J. Morros & B.C. Puigferrat

    Urban and architectural features of traditional built environment of Farasan Islands, Saudi Arabia
    H.A. Mortada & M. Baleha

    The impact of updates the Nubian architecture on internal ventilation
    H.S. Mostafa & A.R. Abd Elrady

    How to understand vernacular sustainability of earthen architecture only considering the inventory and technical knowledge?
    I. Moulis, M. Jamin & A. Marcom

    “Peasant plaster”: From rocks to decorated ornaments
    I. Moulis & P. Bertone

    Campania Felix, smaller towns, vernacular and sustainability
    G. Multari

    “Guidelines” for sustainable rehabilitation of the rural architecture
    S.F. Musso & G. Franco

    The phenomenon of tourism: Redefining architecture and landscape
    D. Natoli, A. Vacas, M.A. García & L. Díaz del Pino

    Spatial transformation of traditional garden houses in Hue Citadel, Vietnam
    N.T. Nguyen & H. Kobayashi

    A sustainable project collaborating with inhabitants to build gangi (wooden arcades)
    S. Nishimura, S. Terada & S. Boda

    In dialogue with the landscape
    A. Novák & P. Medgyasszay

    Diagonal tests on adobe panels reinforced by traditional and innovative anti-seismic retrofits
    D. Omar, F. Ridolfi, L. Rovero & U. Tonietti

    Sustainability evaluation of materials in architecture
    J. Orozco & V. Climent

    Resilience and intangible heritage of vernacular architecture
    B. Özel, L. Dipasquale & S. Mecca

    Peri urban agriculture as a new strategy of urban development: A case study in Cenaia, Pisa
    B. Özel, S. Mecca, F.M. Lorusso & L. Dipasquale

    Self-sustaining vernacular habitats: The case study of Medina of Chefchaouen
    B. Özel, L. Dipasquale & S. Mecca

    3D survey for conservation: The case of the Caleo farmhouse in Campi Flegrei
    A. Pane & C.C. Battaglia

    The traditional architecture of Cabanyal neighborhood, a sustainable heritage
    R.M. Pastor & J.L. Higón

    Energy efficiency of listed buildings in L’Eixample District in Valencia
    A. Pérez & A. Guardiola

    Studies of Persian vernacular heritage and its building identity
    S. Petralla

    Examination and assessment of the environmental characteristics of vernacular rural settlements: Three case studies in Cyprus
    M. Philokyprou, A. Savvides, A. Michael & E. Malaktou

    Hassan Fathy in New Bariz, vernacular heritage and design process
    A. Picone

    Vernacular architecture in Campania Felix: Values and conservation problems
    R. Picone

    Preliminary studies on traditional timber roof structures in Gjirokastra, Albania
    F. Pompejano & K. Merxhani

    Solar radiation influence on pre-modern openings features: La Coruña and Valletta 637
    P. Privitera, M. Diodato & S. García Sáez

    The energy management of the pre-modern expansion: The study case of Russafa (Valencia, Spain)
    I. Puig, F. Juan-Vidal, B. Serrano & C. Jimenez

    Identification and analysis of passive energy resources applied in constructions of “La Mancha” region, Spain
    J.R. Ruiz-Checa, V. Cristini, J.L. Higón & J.A. López

    Historical “ghost” towns: Sustainable conservation issues in Southern Italy
    V. Russo

    The walls of the Medieval new town of Vertavillo, Palencia (Spain)
    A. Sainz, J.L. Sáinz & F. Jové

    Vernacular settlements in Peneda and Laboreiro, Portugal: Spatial organisation
    G. Sousa & F. Gomes

    Traditional techniques and materials in the Amalfi Coast: The Norman Tower in Maiori
    A. Spinosa, L. Veronese & S. Borea

    Restoration informed by archaeology of a Mexican-American adobe ranch house
    I.R. Stiegler, S. Van Wormer & S.D. Walter

    Moravian master builders and their contribution to sustainability
    Z. Syrová & J. Syrový

    Reading vernacular structural system features of Soma-Darkale settlement
    M. Tanac & O. Yilmaz

    Sustainability of compression layers: Timber and concrete compared
    S. Tomás, M. Diodato, F. Vegas, C. Mileto & R. Giménez

    The house as a moving story: An ethnography of Andean domestic architecture
    J. Tomasi

    The transhumance architecture: Handing down seismic knowledge while migrating
    S. Tonna, C. Chesi & L. Marino

    Cultural influences in Mexican vernacular architecture
    G. Torres

    Research on the uses of fire in vernacular houses in the Eurasian Continent
    T. Tsukidate

    Discordant goals in Alpine rural heritage restoration: Discussion and proposals
    A. Turato & V. Ferrario

    The seismic cultures of Tuscany: Garfagnana, Lunigiana and Valtiberina
    D. Ulivieri

    0 km conservation
    F. Vegas & C. Mileto

    Gypsum vaults in Sicily as a reinterpretation of Catalan vaults
    R. Verga

    Preindustrial versus postindustrial architecture and building techniques
    I. Vestergaard

    Mechanism of traditional screen in the architecture of Louis I. Kahn
    C.M. Vidal, I.E. Vidal & M.T. Palomares

    The Ruka Mapuche: Clues for a sustainable architecture in southern Chile?
    C.J. Whitman, G. Armijo P. & N.J. Turnbull

    Conservation and management for Fishing Town, a Chinese vernacular heritage site
    G. Yuan, Y. Yifeng & S. Yong

    Conservation and sustainable development of China vernacular architecture heritage: Case study on Hanling and Shuimotou
    C. Yue & S. Yong

    Research of the values of vernacular architecture heritage concept in China’s rapid urbanization

    Author index


    C. Mileto, F. Vegas, L. García Soriano, V. Cristini , all of the Universitat Politecnica de Valencia, Spain.

    … an eye-opening overview of global investigations of the sustainability of the vernacular landscape, as well as of sustainability through increased understanding of vernacular building traditions. … provides the reader with a vivid argument for the role of humanists, and humanists working with scientists, in addressing pressing social, economic, and political issues."
    —Museum Anthropology Review, Spring-Fall 2015