1st Edition

Viking Camps Case Studies and Comparisons

    336 Pages 41 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    This book is the coming together of several disciplines under the thematic umbrella of Viking Camps and provides the very latest research presented by the leading researchers in the field, making it the most comprehensive compilation of the phenomenon of Viking camps to date.

    Compiling the current state of research on encampments across the Viking world and their impact on their surroundings, this volume provides an all-encompassing analysis of their characteristics—functions, form, inner workings, and interaction with the landscape and the local population. It initiates a wider discussion on the features and functions that define them, making it possible to identify and understand new sites, also broadening the geographical scope. Sites in Ireland, England, Sweden, Frankia, and Iberia are presented and explored, allowing the reader to understand the camp phenomenon from a comparative, more inclusive perspective. The combination of geographically bound case-studies and in-depth analyses of specific themes, such as economy and religion, bring together an abundance of methodologies and approaches. The volume introduces new interdisciplinary approaches to define and identify Viking encampment sites, combining archaeology, historical documents, metal detecting, landscape analysis, and toponymic research. It builds the methodological foundations for future research on Viking camps, the armies inhabiting them, and their interaction with the surrounding world.

    Viking Camps contributes to a better understanding of the functioning of Viking expeditionary groups, both on campaign and during the early stages of settlement, and will be of use to researchers in Viking archaeology, history, and Viking Studies.


    Charlotte Hedenstierna-Jonson and Irene García Losquiño

    Chapter 1 Setting a new place for winter camps. An Introduction

    Manuel Gago

    Chapter 2 Viking Camps: a historiographical overview

    Gareth Williams

    Chapter 3 The Vikings at Repton: wintersetl og mindesmærke

    winter camp and place of memory

    Martin Biddle

    Chapter 4 Beyond the D-shaped enclosure: winter camps of the Viking Great Army in England

    Dawn M. Hadley and Julian D. Richards

    Chapter 5 The Viking Great Army North of the Tyne: A Viking camp in Northumberland?

    Jane Kershaw, Catrine Jarman, Henry Weber and Mark Horton

    Chapter 6. Viking military camps in early tenth century Ireland

    Clare Downham

    Chapter 7. The Woodstown Enigma.

    A discussion of the ninth and tenth century Viking Winter Camps at Woodstown, Co. Waterford, Ireland.

    Ian Russell

    8. Hostile in Tent.

    Reconsidering the Roles of Viking Encampment across the Frankish Realm

    Christian Cooijmans

    Chapter 9. Viking Wintering in Frankish Territory

    Christophe Deutsch-Dumolin

    Chapter 10. The Viking Camps of Medieval Iberia

    Irene García Losquiño

    Chapter 11. Between the Winter Camps: Logistics of the Viking Great Army

    Shane McLeod

    Chapter 12. Viking camps and trading sites in Britain and Ireland: defences, functions and definitions

    David Griffiths

    Chapter13. The Religious Life of Viking Armies

    Lesley Abrams

    Chapter 14. Pirate utopias? Viking camps and aspirational polities

    Neil Price

    Chapter 15. Not a camp but a garrison: martial life ‘at home’

    Charlotte Hedenstierna-Jonson

    Chapter 16. Viking camps, an economic interpretation

    Anders Ögren


    Charlotte Hedenstierna-Jonson is an associate professor and senior researcher in archaeology at Uppsala University and the Swedish History Museum. With a long-time engagement in the archaeology and research of the Viking town Birka, she has investigated the material remains of martial society and explored issues of warfare, identity, mobility, and material culture in the Viking World. Her research has often adopted an interdisciplinary approach, combining archaeological material and methods with genetics and isotope studies.

    Irene García Losquiño is a María Zambrano Research Fellow at the University of Santiago de Compostela. She investigates viking presence in areas of the viking diaspora with low levels of Norse settlement. Irene received her PhD on runology from University of Aberdeen in 2013 and, since then, she has worked in institutions in Sweden, Scotland, and Spain, including a postdoctoral Bernadotte Fellowship at the Onomastics Department at the University of Uppsala.