Violence and Gender in Ancient Egypt shifts the focus of gender studies in Egyptology to social phenomena rarely addressed through the lens of gender - war and violence, exploring the complex intersections of violence and gender in ancient Egypt.
Building on current discussions in philosophy, anthropology, and sociology, and on analysis of relevant historic texts, iconography, and archaeological remains by looking at possible gender patterns behind evidence of trauma, the book bridges the gap between modern understandings of gendered violence and its functioning in ancient Egypt. Areas explored include: differences in gendered aggression and violent acts between people and deities; sexual violence; the taking of men, women and children as prisoners of war; and feminization of enemies. By examining ancient Egyptian texts and images with evidence for violence from different periods and contexts - private tombs, divine temples, royal stelae, papyri and ostraca, ranging over 3000 years of cultural history - Violence and Gender in Ancient Egypt highlights the complex intersection between gender and violence in ancient Egyptian culture.
The book will appeal to scholars and students working in Egyptology, archaeology, history, anthropology, sociology, and gender studies.
Table of Contents
Chapter 1: Introduction
Chapter 2: Gender of Aggression: Violent men, women and deities in ancient Egypt
Chapter 3: Masculine domination: Evidence of sexual violence
Chapter 4: Objects of desire: Men, women and children as spoils of war
Chapter 5: "He is looking at Bowmen like women" Gender as a Frame of War
Chapter 6: Conclusion
Uroš Matić is a research fellow of the Austrian Archaeological Institute (Cairo Branch), Austrian Academy of Sciences. He received his PhD from the Institute for Egyptology and Coptic Studies of the University in Muenster (Germany). Since 2012 he is a team member of several archaeological missions in Egypt (Tell el-Dabca, Aswan, Kom Ombo). He was a co-chair of Archaeology and Gender in Europe (AGE) community of the European Association of Archaeologists from 2016 to 2019.