1530 Pages
    by Routledge

    Explorations about and around the ethics of virtue dominated philosophical thinking in the ancient world, and recent moral philosophy has seen a massive revival of interest in virtue ethics as a rival to Kantian and utilitarian approaches.

    To help users make sense of the gargantuan—and, often, dauntingly complex—body of literature on the subject, this new four-volume collection is the latest addition to Routledge’s acclaimed Critical Concepts in Philosophy series. The editor has carefully assembled classic contributions, as well as more recent work, to create a one-stop ‘mini library’ of the best and most influential scholarship.

    While Volume I (‘Ancient Virtue Ethics’) focuses on the Greek and Roman founding fathers, it also brings together key works that examine the roots of virtue ethics in Christian, Asian, and other traditions. Volume II is organized around ‘Religious Virtue Ethics’, especially in the last sixty years or so, and Volume III brings together ‘Modern Virtue Ethics’. The final volume in the collection (‘Applied Virtue Ethics’) assembles major works on topics such as the beginning and end of life; the environment; animal rights; business ethics; sports ethics; the virtues and the economy; the virtues and political life; studies of particular virtues; and debates about whether particular traits are indeed virtues.

    With a comprehensive index and a useful synoptic introduction newly written by the editor, Virtue Ethics will be welcomed as an indispensable resource for both reference and research.


    Introduction - Tom Angier

    Part 1: Homer

    1. Alasdair MacIntyre, ‘The virtues in heroic societies’, in After Virtue (London: Duckworth 1981), pp.121-131.
    2. Part 2: Plato

    3. Gregory Vlastos, ‘Happiness and virtue in Socrates’ moral theory’, Proceedings of the Cambridge Philological Society 1984, 30, pp. 181-213.
    4. Jonathan Lear, ‘Inside and outside the Republic’, Phronesis 1992, XXXVII (2), pp. 184-215.
    5. John M. Cooper, ‘The unity of virtue’, Social Philosophy and Policy 1998, 15 (1), pp. 233-74.
    6. Richard D. Parry, ‘Platonic virtue ethics and the end of virtue’, History of Philosophy Quarterly 2002, 19 (3), pp. 239-54.
    7. Rachel Barney, ‘Plato on the desire for the good’, in Sergio Tenenbaum (ed.), Desire, Practical Reason, and the Good (Oxford: Oxford University Press 2010), pp. 34-64.
    8. Part 3: Aristotle

    9. Christine Korsgaard, ‘Aristotle on function and virtue’, History of Philosophy Quarterly 1986, 3, pp. 259-79.
    10. Elizabeth Telfer, ‘The unity of the moral virtues in Aristotle’s "Nicomachean Ethics"’, Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society (New Series) 1989-1990, 90, pp. 35-48.
    11. Howard J. Curzer, ‘Aristotle’s account of the virtue of justice’, Apeiron 1995, 28 (3), pp. 207-38.
    12. Julia Annas, ‘Aristotle’s Politics – a symposium: Aristotle on human nature and political virtue’, The Review of Metaphysics 1996, 49 (4), pp. 731-53.
    13. Stephen Buckle, ‘Aristotle’s Republic, or why Aristotle’s Ethics is not virtue ethics’, Philosophy 2002, 77 (302), pp. 565-95.
    14. Gabriel Richardson Lear, ‘Two happy lives and their most final ends’, in (selection) of Happy Lives and the Highest Good: An Essay on Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics (Princeton: Princeton University Press 2004), pp. 175-88.
    15. Tom P. S. Angier, ‘Mesotēs: Aristotle’s ethical mean’, in Technē in Aristotle’s Ethics: Crafting the Moral Life (London: Continuum International Publishing Group 2010), pp. 79-104.

      Part 4: Stoicism

    17. Terence H. Irwin, ‘Virtue, praise and success: Stoic responses to Aristotle’, The Monist 1990, 70 (1), pp. 59-79.
    18. Anthony A. Long, ‘The harmonics of Stoic virtue’, in Stoic Studies (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 1996), pp. 202-23.



      Introduction - Tom Angier

      Part 1: Confucianism and Buddhism

    20. Jiyuan Yu, ‘The "manifesto" of New-Confucianism and the revival of virtue ethics’, Frontiers of Philosophy in China 2008, 3 (3), pp. 317-34.
    21. Edward Slingerland, ‘The situationist critique and early Confucian virtue ethics’, Ethics 2011, 121, pp. 390-419.
    22. Michael Slote, ‘Virtue’s turn and return’, Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 2015, 14 (3), pp. 319-24.
    23. Bradford Cokelet, ‘Confucianism, Buddhism, and virtue ethics’, European Journal for the Philosophy of Religion 2016, 8 (1), pp. 187-214.
    24. Part 2: Judaism

    25. Yitzchak Blau, ‘The implications of a Jewish virtue ethic’, The Torah u-Madda Journal 2000, 9, pp. 19-41.
    26. Dov Nelkin, ‘"A threefold cord is not quickly broken": virtue, law, and ethics in the Talmud’, Journal of the Society of Christian Ethics 2003, 23 (2), pp. 119-53.
    27. Jonathan Jacobs, ‘Aristotle and Maimonides on virtue and natural law’, Hebraic Political Studies 2007, 2 (1), 46-77.
    28. Geoffrey Claussen, ‘A Jewish perspective on war, scripture, and moral accounting’, The Journal of Scriptural Reasoning 2015, 14 (1), pp. 1-15.
    29. Part 3: Christianity

    30. Robert Merrihew Adams, ‘The virtue of faith’, Faith and Philosophy 1984, 1 (1), pp. 3-15.
    31. Jean Porter, ‘The subversion of virtue: acquired and infused virtues in the "Summa theologiae"’, The Annual of the Society of Christian Ethics 1992, 12, pp. 19-41.
    32. Stanley Hauerwas, ‘A retrospective assessment of an "Ethics of Character": the development of Hauerwas’ theological project’, in John Berkman and Michael Cartwright (eds), The Hauerwas Reader (Durham, NC: Duke University Press 2001), pp. 75-89.
    33. Jennifer A. Herdt, ‘Virtue's semblance: Erasmus and Luther on pagan virtue and the Christian life’, Journal of the Society of Christian Ethics 2005, 25 (2), pp. 137-62.
    34. Bonnie Kent, ‘Dispositions and moral fallibility: the un-Aristotelian Aquinas’, History of Philosophy Quarterly 2012, 29 (2), pp. 141-57.
    35. David Cloutier and William Mattison III, ‘The resurgence of virtue in recent moral theology’, Journal of Moral Theology 2014, 3 (1), pp. 228–59.
    36. Christian Tornau, ‘Happiness in this life? Augustine on the principle that virtue Is self-sufficient for happiness’, in Øyvind Rabbås et al. (eds), The Quest for the Good Life: Ancient Philosophers on Happiness (Oxford: Oxford University Press 2015), pp. 265-80.
    37. Part 4: Islam

    38. Mohamed A. Sherif, excerpts from Ghazali’s Theory of Virtue (Albany: State University of New York Press 1975), pp. 24-40, 77-86, 105-15, 156-9.



      Introduction - Tom Angier

      Part 1: Hume and Nietzsche

    40. Christine Swanton, ‘Outline of a Nietzschean virtue ethics’, International Studies in Philosophy 1998, 30 (3), pp. 29-38.
    41. Annette C. Baier, ‘Demoralisation, trust, and the virtues’, in Reflections on how we live (Oxford: Oxford University Press 2009), pp. 173-88.
    42. Philip A. Reed, ‘What’s wrong with monkish virtues? Hume on the standard of virtue’, History of Philosophy Quarterly 2012, 29 (1), pp. 39-56.
    43. Part 2: The twentieth-century revival

    44. Elizabeth Anscombe, ‘Modern moral philosophy’, Philosophy 1958, 33 (124), pp. 1-19.
    45. Philippa Foot, ‘Virtues and vices’, in Virtues and Vices (Berkeley: University of California Press 1978), pp. 1-18.
    46. John McDowell, ‘Virtue and reason’, The Monist 1979, 62 (3), pp. 331-50.
    47. Alasdair MacIntyre, ‘The nature of the virtues’, in After Virtue: A Study in Moral Theory (London: Duckworth 1981), pp. 181-203.
    48. Gregory Trianosky, ‘What is virtue ethics all about?’, American Philosophical Quarterly 1990, 27 (4), pp. 335-44.
    49. Part 3: Modern virtue ethics develops

    50. Michael Slote, ‘Agent-based virtue ethics’, Midwest Studies in Philosophy 1995, XX (1), pp. 83-101.
    51. Rosalind Hursthouse, ‘Right action’, in On Virtue Ethics (Oxford: Oxford University Press 1999), pp. 25-42.
    52. Christine Swanton, ‘A virtue ethical account of right action’, Ethics 2001, 112 (1), pp. 32-52.
    53. Robert Merrihew Adams, ‘Introduction’, in A Theory of Virtue: Excellence in Being for the Good (Oxford: Clarendon Press 2006), pp. 3-13.
    54. Linda Zagzebski, ‘Exemplarist virtue theory’, Metaphilosophy 2010, 41 (1/2), pp. 41-57.
    55. Julia Annas, ‘Skilled and virtuous action’, in Intelligent Virtue (Oxford: Oxford University Press 2011), pp. 16-51.
    56. Part 4: Criticisms and defences

    57. Thomas Hurka, ‘How great a good is virtue?’, The Journal of Philosophy 1998, 95 (4), pp. 181-203.
    58. Gilbert Harman, ‘Moral philosophy meets moral psychology: virtue ethics and the fundamental attribution error’, Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 1999, 99, pp. 315-31.
    59. Brad Hooker, ‘The collapse of virtue ethics’, Utilitas 2002, 14 (1), pp. 22-40.
    60. Rosalind Hursthouse, ‘Virtue ethics vs. rule-consequentialism: a reply to Brad Hooker’, Utilitas 2002, 14 (1), pp. 41-53.
    61. Simon Keller, ‘Virtue ethics is self-effacing’, Australasian Journal of Philosophy 2007, 85 (2), pp. 221-31.
    62. Glen Pettigrove, ‘Is virtue ethics self-effacing?’, The Journal of Ethics 2011, 15 (3), pp. 191-207.
    63. Frans Svensson, ‘Eudaimonist virtue ethics and right action: a reassessment’, The Journal of Ethics 2011, 15 (4), pp. 321-39.
    64. Roger Crisp, ‘A third method of ethics?’, Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 2015, 90 (2), pp. 257-73.


      Introduction - Tom Angier

      Part 1: Feminist ethics

    66. Annette C. Baier, ‘What do women want in a moral theory?’, Noûs 1985, 19 (1), pp. 53-63.
    67. Susan Moller Okin, ‘Feminism, moral development and the virtues’, in Roger Crisp (ed.), How Should One Live?: Essays on the Virtues (Oxford: Oxford University Press 1996), pp. 211-30.
    68. Lisa Tessman, ‘Reply to critics’, Hypatia 2008, 23 (3), pp. 205-16.
    69. Part 2: Bioethics

    70. Rosalind Hursthouse, ‘’Virtue theory and abortion’, Philosophy and Public Affairs 1991, 20 (3), pp. 223-46.
    71. Peter D. Toon, ‘After bioethics and towards virtue?’, Journal of Medical Ethics 1993, 19, pp. 17-18.
    72. Edward D. Pellegrino, ‘Toward a virtue-based normative ethics for the health professions’, Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 1995, 5 (3), pp. 253-77.
    73. Liezl van Zyl, ‘Euthanasia, virtue ethics and the law’, New Zealand Bioethics Journal 2002, 3 (1), pp. 18-27.
    74. P. Gardiner, ‘A virtue ethics approach to moral dilemmas in medicine’, Journal of Medical Ethics 2003, 29, pp. 297-302.
    75. Jennifer Radden and John Z. Sadler, ‘Psychiatric ethics as virtue ethics’, in of The Virtuous Psychiatrist: Character Ethics in Psychiatric Practice (Oxford: Oxford University Press 2010), pp. 61-84.
    76. Stephen Holland, ‘The virtue ethics approach to bioethics’, Bioethics 2011, 25 (4), pp. 192-201.
    77. Part 3: Business ethics

    78. Edwin M. Hartman, ‘The role of character in business ethics’,
      Business Ethics Quarterly 1998, 8 (3), pp. 547–59.
    79. J. Thomas Whetstone, ‘How virtue fits within business ethics’, Journal of Business Ethics 2001, 33 (2), pp. 101-14.
    80. Robert C. Solomon, ‘Victims of circumstances? A defence of virtue ethics in business’, Business Ethics Quarterly 2003, 13 (1), pp. 43-62.
    81. Ron Beadle and Geoff Moore, ‘MacIntyre on virtue and organization’, Organization Studies 2006, 27 (3), pp. 323-40.
    82. David McPherson, ‘Vocational virtue ethics: prospects for a virtue ethic approach to business’, Journal of Business Ethics 2013, 116 (2), pp. 283-96.
    83. Daryl Koehn, ‘East meets west: toward a universal ethic of virtue for global business’, Journal of Business Ethics 2013, 116 (4), pp. 703-15.
    84. Part 4: Environmental ethics

    85. Thomas E. Hill Jr, ‘Ideals of human excellence and preserving natural environments’, Environmental Ethics 1983, 5 (3), pp. 211-24.
    86. Philip Cafaro, ‘Thoreau, Leopold and Carson: toward an environmental virtue ethics’, Environmental Ethics 2001, 23 (1), pp. 3-17.
    87. Ronald Sandler, ‘Towards an adequate environmental virtue ethic’, Environmental Values 2004, 13 (4), pp. 477-95.
    88. Rosalind Hursthouse, ‘Environmental virtue ethics’, in Rebecca L. Walker and Philip J. Ivanhoe (eds), Working Virtue: Virtue Ethics and Contemporary Moral Problems (Oxford: Oxford University Press 2007), pp. 155-72.


    Tom Angier is based in the Philosophy Department at the University of Cape Town, South Africa.