Visible Infrared Imager Radiometer Suite: A New Operational Cloud Imager, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Visible Infrared Imager Radiometer Suite

A New Operational Cloud Imager, 1st Edition

By Keith D. Hutchison, Arthur P. Cracknell

CRC Press

256 pages | 92 B/W Illus.

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pub: 2005-11-14
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Description

The Visible Infrared Imager Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) is the next-generation multispectral imaging instrument to fly on US operational, polar-orbiting meteorological satellites. VIIRS will gather data across 22 spectral bands and be used to create products for a variety of applications including weather forecasting and climate change studies. VIIRS consolidates the best features of heritage instruments, including near-constant resolution and nighttime visible imagery. Visible Infrared Imager Radiometer Suite: A New Operational Cloud Imager provides the first comprehensive guide on the design and exploitation of cloud data collected by the VIIRS.

Expert researchers Hutchison and Cracknell discuss the fundamental principles necessary to interpret surface and cloud features in multispectral meteorological satellite imagery. They begin by tracing the evolution of satellite meteorology and detailing previous instruments on which VIIRS is based. Next, they examine the user requirements for VIIRS data products and the studies used to convert these requirements into sensor design parameters. The focus then shifts to the principles and techniques used to exploit VIIRS cloud data. The book ends with a comprehensive discussion of automated processes to retrieve 3-dimensional cloud fields from a variety of algorithms, some of which were developed for the VIIRS.

Supplying material for both experienced researchers and those new to the field, Visible Infrared Imager Radiometer Suite is a must-read for anyone interested in evaluating and using the data gathered from the VIIRS project.

Table of Contents

INTRODUCTION

Satellite Meteorology

Overview of Numerical Weather Prediction Modeling

Evolution of Observational Data for Numerical Weather Prediction Modeling

Additional Applications of Meteorological Satellite Data

METEOROLOGICAL SATELLITE SYSTEMS

Evolution of Satellites and Sensors

The National Polar-Orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System (NPOESS)

VIIRS IMAGERY DESIGN ANALYSIS

VIIRS Environmental Data Record Requirements Overview

VIIRS Imagery Requirements

Cloud Applications-Related Imagery Requirements

Value of Manually Generated Cloud Analyses

VIIRS IMAGERY REQUIREMENTS ANALYSIS

Theoretical Basis for Manual Cloud Analyses

Overview of Approach to Instrument Design

Cloud Truth Data Sets to Flowdown Sensor Requirements

Derivation of Sensing Requirements from Analysis Requirements

Overview of VIIRS Hardware Design

PRINCIPLES IN IMAGE INTERPRETATION

Introduction

VIIRS Imagery Data

VIIRS Imagery Assist Data

MULTICOLOR COMPOSITES OF MULTISPECTRAL IMAGERY

Introduction

Color Composites of (0.645-mm, 0.865-mm, and 12.0-mm) Surface Vegetation and Cloud Classifications

Color Composites (3.7-mm albedo, 0.865- mm, 12.0- mm) for Snow Detection

Color Composites of (0.645-mm, 0.645-mm, 3.7-mm albedo) Snow Mapping Through Thin Cirrus Clouds

Color Composites of (0.412-mm, 0.865-mm, and 0.645-mm) Clouds Over Arid Regions

CASE STUDIES IN THE USE OF MULTICOLOR COMPOSITES FOR SCENE INTERPRETATION

Overview

MODIS Airborne Simulation Data Over Alaska

MODIS Airborne Simulation Success Data Collected Over Colorado

AUTOMATED 3-D CLOUD ANALYSES FROM NPOESS

Architecture for 3-D Cloud Analyses

Automated Cloud Detection

Cloud Top Phase Classifications

Cloud Optical (Thickness and Particle Size) Properties

Cloud Top (Temperature, Pressure, and Height) Parameters

Cloud Base Heights

REFERENCES

INDEX

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI042000
SCIENCE / Earth Sciences / Meteorology & Climatology
TEC019000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Lasers & Photonics
TEC036000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Remote Sensing & Geographic Information Systems