It is widely recognized that visual processes modulate many social interactions. For example, the eye-gaze of another person is a powerful cue to guide attention to a particular part of the visual field. Conversely, a direct gaze may indicate potential threat or the opportunity for a sexual encounter. In addition, the social or affective significance of a stimulus, as well as the mood state of the observer, can have profound effects on basic attentional and perceptual processes. This special issue is aimed at elucidating the role of visual processes in social interactions by linking work on the basic cognitive mechanisms mediating vision with work on the social and emotional context in which the processing takes place.
1. E. Fox, The Role of Visual Processes in Modulating Social Interactions. 2. M.G. Calvo, F. Esteves, Detection of Emotional Faces: Low Perceptual Threshold and Wide Attentional Span. 3. M.A. Williams, S.A. Moss, J.L. Bradshaw, J.B. Mattingley, Look at me, I'm Smiling: Visual Search for Threatening and Non-threatening Facial Expressions 4. D. Lundqvist, A. Öhman, Emotion Regulates Attention: The Relation between Facial Configurations, Facial Emotion and Visual Attention. 5. P. Vuilleumier, N. George, V. Lister, J. Armony, J. Driver, Effects of Perceived Mutual Gaze and Gender on Face Processing and Recognition Memory. 6. J. Seyama, R.S. Nagayama, The Effect of Torso Direction on the Judgment of Eye Direction. 7. J.K. Hietanen, K. Yrttimaa, Where a Person with a Squint is Actually Looking: Gaze Cued Orienting by Crooked Eyes. 8. A. Senju, T. Hasegawa, Direct Gaze Captures Visuospatial Attention. 9. G.A. Georgiou, C. Bleakley, J. Hayward, R. Russo, K. Dutton, S. Eltiti, E. Fox Focusing on Fear: Attentional Disengagement from Emotional Faces.10. J.D. Eastwood, D. Smilek, J.M. Oakman, P. Farvolden, M. van Ameringen, C. Mancini, P.M. Merikle, Individuals with Social Phobia are Biased to Become Aware of Negative Faces. 11. P.J. Barnard, C. Ramponi, G. Battye, B. Mackintosh, Anxiety and the Deployment of Visual Attention over Time 12. I.M. Santos, A.W. Young, Exploring the Perception of Social Characteristics in Faces Using the Isolation Effect. 13. G.W. Humphreys, J. Hodsoll, C. Campbell, Attending but not Seeing: The 'Other Race Effect' in Face and Person Perception Studied through Change Blindness