Voices from Criminal Justice, Second Edition, gives students rich insight into the criminal justice system from the point of view of practitioners, as well as outsiders—citizens, clients, jurors, probationers, or inmates. These qualitative and teachable articles cover all three components of the criminal justice system, ensuring students will be better informed about the daily realities of criminal justice professionals in law enforcement, courts, and corrections. At the same time, the juxtaposition of insider and outsider views allows students to look beyond the actual content of the articles and develop their own views about the functions and flaws of the criminal justice system on a societal level.
This innovative reader, now with seven new articles designed to stimulate discussions and promote critical thought, is perfect for undergraduate criminal justice courses in the United States, and has proven to be an effective companion or alternative to traditional introductory textbooks. Voices from Criminal Justice, Second Edition, also offers a framework for more advanced students in special issues or capstone courses to synthesize information from earlier courses and develop their own view of American justice.
Table of Contents
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Introduction: Thinking and Reflecting on Criminal Justice Issues
Heith Copes and Mark Pogrebin
- Reinventing the Matron: The Continued Importance of Gendered Images and Division of Labor in Modern Policing
- A Qualitative Assessment of Stress Perceptions among Members of Homicide Unit
- Racialized Policing: Officers’ Voices on Policing Latino and African American Neighborhoods
- Vice Isn’t Nice: A Look at the Effects of Working Undercover
- Reflections of African American Women on their Careers in Urban Policing
Don L. Kurtz, Travis Linnemann and L. Susan Williams
Kurtz, Linnemann, and Williams examine the historical role of the police matron and how the legacy continues to define women’s status in the current police and correctional workforce.
Dean A. Dabney, Heith Copes, Richard Tewksbury and Shila R. Hawk-Tourtelot
Dabney and his co-authors conducted an ethnographic study of homicide investigations in a large urban police department and focused on those occupational factors that cause job related stress.
Vera Sanchez, Claudio & Dennis Rosenbaum
Vera Sanchez and Rosenbaum examine how police officers socially construct race within Latino and African American neighborhoods
Mark R. Pogrebin and Eric Poole
Pogrebin and Poole explore the consequences of working undercover for police officers. They show that working undercover has a significant impact on how police interact with informants, criminals, other officers, and their families.
Mark R. Pogrebin, Mary Dodge, & Harold Chatman
Pogrebin, Chatman, and Dodge analyze the social-organizational relationships and interactions that relegate African-American police women as outsiders within their own police department.
- Procedural Justice and Order Maintenance Policing
- Urban Youth Encounters with Legitimately Oppressive Gang Enforcement
- Sense-making and secondary victimization
- Victims’ Voices: Domestic Assault Victims’ Perceptions of Police Demeanor
- We Trust You, But Not That Much: Examining Police-Black Clergy Partnerships to Reduce Youth Violence
Jacinta Gau and Rod Brunson
Gau and Brunson explore the tension between procedural justice and order maintenance policing as it affects the self-reported experiences with police by young inner-city minority youth.
Duran concentrates on the relationship between police and gangs in two cities where suspected gang members perceive being stopped by police as racial and ethnic profiling.
Paul Stretesky, Tara O’Connor Shelley, Michael J. Hogan, and N. Prabha Unnithan
Stretesky, Shelley, Hogan, and Unnithan examine the perceptions of the families of cold-case homicide victims to determine their interactions and relationship with law enforcement detectives assigned to their case.
Joyce Stephens and Peter G. Sinden
Stephens and Sinden present the voices of domestic assault victims by eliciting their perspectives about and experiences with the mandatory arrest policy and police demeanor.
Rod K. Brunson, Anthony Braga, David Hureau, and Kashea Pegram
Brunson and colleagues offer an understanding of the role police and black clergy play in formulation partnership in an attempt to improve community based crime prevention.
- Representing the Underdog: The Righteous Development of Death Penalty Defense Attorneys
- How can you Prosecute those People?
Sarah Goodrum, Mark Pogrebin, and Matthew W. Greife
Goodrum, Pogrebin and Greife explore the development and motivations of death penalty defense lawyers and the life experiences that lead them to this professional calling.
Butler, a former federal prosecutor discusses the debate about the ethics of defense work with that of prosecutor’s work and examines the problematic aspects of the prosecution role.
3. Calling Your Bluff: How Prosecutors and Defense Attorneys Adapt Plea Bargaining Strategies to Increased Formalization.
In this article, Rowen focuses on new types of plea-bargaining models as compared to the more traditional models in the past.
4. Examining the Death Penalty Insiders Perspective: Capital Bench and Bar Interviews
DioGuardi examines experienced capital judicial participants (defense lawyers, prosecutors and judges) thoughts concerning the existence and use of the death penalty.
5. Maintaining the Myth of Individualized Justice: Probation Presentence Reports
In this article, Rosecrance argues that probation pre-sentence reports emphasize some offender characteristics more than others. He explains how a stereotyping process is used by officers who write these reports and how current offense and prior criminal history determine a pre-scripted sentencing recommendation.
- Preparing to Testify: Rape Survivors Negotiating the Criminal Justice Process
- Expecting an Ally and Getting a Prosecutor
- Female Recidivists Speak about their Experience in Drug Courts while Engaging in Appreciative Inquiry
- Jurors’ Views of Civil Lawyers: Implications for Courtroom Communication
- Engaging with Criminal Prosecution: The Victim’s Perspective
Konradi focuses on how victims of sexual assault prepare themselves for court appearances. She also discusses survivors’ views of the criminal justice process.
Goodrum explores, through an interactionist perspective, the families of homicide victims’ experiences with prosecutors and the criminal court system.
Michael Fischer, Brenda Geiger, and Mary Ellen Hughes
Fischer, Geiger, and Hughes study woman drug-court program participants’ perceptions and evaluations of their current and past experiences while in the program.
Valerie P. Hans and Krista Sweigert
Hans and Sweigert’s focus on the decision-making process of jurors serving on civil court trials and their opinions of trial lawyers’ courtroom behavior and communication skills.
Melissa E. Dichter, Catherine Cerulli, Catherine L. Kothari, Francis K. Barg, and Karin V. Rhodes
These authors examine the barriers women who are victims of intimate partner violence face when participating with the prosecution as the most important witness in the court in their case.
- Accounts of Prison Work
- Sense-making in Prison: Inmate Identity as a Working Understanding
- Gender and Occupational Culture Conflict: A Study of Women Jail Officers
- Criers, Liars, and Manipulators: Probation Officers’ Views of Girls
- Construction of Meaning During Training for Probation and Parole
In his field study of prison correctional officers and their working environments, Stojkovic explores the accounts provided by officers when discussing their relations with prisoners, administrators and their officer peers.
Riley’s study observes the ways correctional officers in a maximum security prison formulate, communicate, and justify a shared understanding of the identity of inmates under their supervision.
Eric Poole and Mark R. Pogrebin
Poole and Pogrebin offer a female perspective of sheriffs’ deputy corrections work in county jails. They discuss the various work-related issues that woman jailers face in their occupational role in a male dominated organization.
Emily Gaarder, Nancy Rodriguez & Marjorie S. Zatz
In this study, the authors analyze the perceptions on female juveniles held by professionals involved in the juvenile court decision-making process.
Crank examines the ideological changes in the training environment of probation and parole officers when a more punitive model of treatment for offenders was instituted in a peace officer training program in one state.
- Denial of Parole: An Inmate Perspective
- How Registered Sex Offenders View Registries
- Keeping Families Together: The Importance of Maintaining Mother-Child Contact for Incarcerated Women
- Employment Isn’t Enough: Financial Obstacles Experienced by Ex-Prisoners During the Reentry Process
- Navigating the Job Search after Incarceration: The Experiences of Work-Release Participants
Mary West-Smith, Mark R. Pogrebin and Eric D. Poole
West-Smith, Pogrebin, and Poole examine parole decision-making from the point of view of those inmates who have been denied an early release by the parole board.
Tewksbury assess the perceptions of sex offender registrants regarding the value of having these registries as a method of deterring future sex offense and maintaining public safety.
Zoann K. Snyder
Snyder’s research examines incarcerated mothers’ attempts at maintaining relationships with their children through a visitation program.
Mark R. Pogrebin, Mary West-Smith, Alexandra Walker, and N. Prabha Unnithan
Once released to the community ex-prisoners face monetary debts incurred prior to their incarceration together with their mandated fees required by parole, which place them in an untenable financial situation.
Cantora examines women who are residing in a community corrections facility and focused her observation on the difficulties they experience during their job search.
What better way to introduce today's students and tomorrow's criminal justice practitioners to the world of criminal justice administration than through a set of well-constructed ethnographic reports detailing the lived experiences of the participants in the process? This is a welcome addition to the field.—Malcom M. Feeley, Professor of Jurisprudence and Sociology, University of California at Berkeley
Voices represents a robust effort to understand the lived experience of criminal justice system participants. The ethnographic selections are engaging, readable, and expose students to the broad array of players. The book's unique insider/outsider perspective provides probing and incisive accounts of key issues facing the field today. –Bruce Jacobs, Professor of Criminology, University of Texas, Dallas
The book brings various practitioners in the criminal justice system to life through ethnographic research. The collection puts a human face on the system and will draw students to the subject. It will also remind academics why they entered the field.—Ralph Weisheit, Distinguished Professor of Criminology, Illinois State University