Volcano and Geothermal Tourism
Sustainable Geo-Resources for Leisure and Recreation
There are over 1300 active volcanoes worldwide and many more dormant or extinct. Some are developed as tourist destinations; others are not, but have great potential. Mount Fuji in Japan attracts over 100 million visitors per year and has immense cultural and spiritual significance, while a number of volcanic areas in national parks, for example Teide in Spain, Yellowstone in the US, Vesuvius in Italy and Tongariro in New Zealand, attract between one to four million tourists each year. In the last decade the designation of nearly 50 geoparks around the world has highlighted their potential for tourism development. This book provides the first global review and assessment of the sustainable use of active and dormant volcanic and geothermal environments for geotourism. The volcano-based tourism sector is further augmented through a closely linked range of geothermal resources and attractions, such as geysers and hot springs, which are discussed in detail throughout individual chapters covering all key volcanic and geothermal regions around the world. It is shown that volcano and geothermal tourism is a subsection of nature-based geotourism and incorporates a variety of other tourism categories such as adventure tourism, extreme tourism, ecotourism, green tourism, educational tourism, and hot spring tourism. This comprehensive book covers the most important issues of this growing tourism sector whilst incorporating relevant global research, making it an essential resource for all in the field. Includes colour plates.
Table of Contents
Part I: Introduction 1. Introduction Part II: Africa Introduction 2. Africa's Great Volcanoes of the Albertine Rift Valley 3. Volcano Tourism in Ethiopia and the Danakil Rift Zone Case Study 1: Reunion Island, France - Piton de la Fournaise Volcano Case Study 2: Cap Verde Islands Case Study 3: East Africa - Volcanoes, Glaciers and Safari Parks Part III: The Americas Introduction 4. The Lure of Lava Tubes: Exploring Lava Tube Tourism on the Big Island of Hawai'i 5. Geotourism and Public Safety in Volcanic Environments 6. The Economics of Volcano Tourism with Special Reference to Montserrat, West Indies 7. Volcano Tourism - Central and South American Examples Case Study 4: The Cascades - Connecting Canada and the United States Case Study 5: Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming Case Study 6: The Galapagos Islands - Volcanoes and Wildlife Case Study 7: Death by Volcanic Laze Case Study 8: Alaska's Volcanoes - The Aleutian Arc and Wilderness Case Study 9: Active Volcanoes in Mexico as Tourist Destinations Part IV: Asia Introduction 8. The Need for a Planning Framework to Preserve the Wilderness Values of Sibayak Volcano, North Sumatra, Indonesia 9. Volcano and Geothermal Tourism in Kyushu, Japan 10. Volcano and Geothermal Tourism in Japan - Examples from Honshu and Hokkaido 11. Jeju: South Korea's Premier Island Geotourism Destination 12. Volcano Tourism in Iran: Mt. Damavand, the Highest Peak in the Middle East 13. Volcano Tourism in the Philippines Case Study 10: Challenging Destinations - The World Heritage listed Volcanoes of Kamchatka Case Study 11: Krakatau, Indonesia, a Volcano with a History Case Study 12: Geothermal Attractions and Active Volcanoes in China Part V: Europe Introduction 14. Emerging Volcano and Geothermal Related Tourism in Iceland 15. Volcano Tourism and its influence on the territory of Mount Etna (Italy) - explored with digressions to Stromboli (Italy) 16. Under the Volcano - Can sustainable tourism development be balanced with risk management? 17. The Auvergne - Centre of Volcanic Tourism in France 18. Volcanic Geotourism in West Coast Scotland Case Study 13: The Azores - Volcanic Islands in the Atlantic Case Study 14: The Canary Islands - Volcanic World Heritage of Spain Case Study 15: Greece - Currently Dormant VolcanicIslands Case Study 16: The Vulkaneifel - A Tourist Destination with a long History Part VI: Oceania Introduction 19. The Volcanoes of New Zealand 20. Volcano Tourism in the new Kanawinka Global Geopark of Victoria and SE South Australia 21. Volcanic Landforms as Tourist Attractions in Australian National Parks and other Protected Areas Case Study 17: Vanuatu - Active Volcanism in the Pacific Case Study 18: Geothermal Parks in New Zealand Case Study 19: Deception Island - Hot Times on a Chilly Continent Part VII 22. Conclusion Appendices: 1. An Overview of Recent Volcanic Activity Worldwide 2. Major Volcanoes Worldwide 3. Hazard Map and Fact Sheet Template 4. Useful Websites
Patricia Erfurt-Cooper lectures in Tourism Resource Management at Ritsumeikan Asia Pacific University and has authored or co-authored a number of books and articles in the fields of tourism, and environmental planning. Her research interests include risk management in volcanic and geothermal environments and the sustainable use of geothermal resources. Dr. Malcolm Cooper is Vice President (Research) and holds the position of Professor of Tourism Management in the Graduate School of Asia Pacific Studies at Ritsumeikan Asia Pacific University Japan. He has published over 80 books, refereed articles and book chapters. His research interests include tourism development and planning, sustainable development and management of environmental resources.
'Volcanoes attract tourists because of their beauty, excitement, and cultural aspects. This excellent book is an invaluable reference for volcano tourism and its management, bringing together contributions from experts in a variety of fields and geographic locations. Easy to read, full of practical advice, and very enjoyable.'- Dr. Rosaly Lopes, Jet Propulsion Laboratory; Author, 'The Volcano Adventure Guide' '
'This book is the first to assess Volcano Tourism as an individual sector with a commendable focus on risk management and sustainability. Covering a wide range of volcanic and geothermal destinations it is a comprehensive reference for students, scientists and tourism professionals.' - Professor Dimitrios Buhalis, Bournemouth University, UK
'Volcano & Geothermal Tourism' is a needed and important volume, presenting a wealth of scientific detail and practical recommendations for addressing volcano, and similar forms of, tourism.'- Ilan Kelman, e-Review of Tourism Research
'The material is superbly diverse.' 'Volcano & Geothermal Tourism is a needed and important volume, presenting a wealth of scientific detail and practical recommendations for addressing volcano, and similar forms of, tourism.' -Ilan Kelman, Center for International Climate and Environmental Research , Oslo
'What a splendid book this is! It is a most impressive achievement, gathering contributions from a knowledgeable list of contributors and packaging the collection with a useful introductory chapter, conclusions and recommendations, and a comprehensive set of appendices. The aim of comprehensiveness has been achieved and, while the serious reader will want to take each region in turn and absorb the whole volume, the casual reader is likely to dip in to find her favorite sites first, only to find herself drawn in to the exploration of lesser-known regions.' -Anita Fernandez-Young, Mountain Research and Development