This book discusses how the extension of voting rights beyond citizenship (i.e., to non-national immigrants) and residence (i.e., to expatriates) can be interpreted in the light of democratization processes in both Western countries and in developing regions. It does so by inserting the globalization-specific extension of voting rights to immigrants and expatriates within the long-term series of historical waves of democratization. Does the current extension enhance democracy by granting de facto disenfranchised immigrants and emigrants political rights or does it jeopardize the very functioning of democracy by undermining its legitimacy through the removal of territorial and national boundaries? The book offers a preliminary synthesis in a broad comparative perspective covering both alien and external voting rights in Europe, Sub-Saharan Africa and Latin America. It shows that reforms toward more expansive electorates vary considerably and that their effects on the inclusion of migrants largely depend on the specific regulations and the socio-political context in which they operate. The book was originally published as a special issue of Democratization.
Table of Contents
1. Beyond citizenship and residence? Exploring the extension of voting rights in the age of globalization
Daniele Caramani and Florian Grotz
2. Morphing the Demos into the right shape. Normative principles for enfranchising resident aliens and expatriate citizens
3. The enfranchisement of citizens abroad: variations and explanations
4. The enfranchisement of resident aliens: variations and explanations
David C. Earnest
5. "Keeping Pandora’s (ballot) box half-shut": a comparative inquiry into the institutional limits of external voting in EU Member States
Derek S. Hutcheson and Jean-Thomas Arrighi
6. Expatriates as voters? The new dynamics of external voting in Sub-Saharan Africa
7. Immigrant enfranchisement in Latin America: From strongmen to universal citizenship
Daniele Caramani is Professor of Comparative Politics at the Department of Political Science, University of Zurich. His main theoretical contribution is in the field of the nationalisation of politics in Western Europe. Current projects − partly financed through SNF-NCCR grants − extend the analysis horizontally (in Central and Eastern Europe) and vertically (the formation of a supra-national party system in the European Union).
Florian Grotz is Professor of Comparative Government at the Institute of Political Science, Helmut-Schmidt-University, Hamburg. His main research interests include Government and Politics in Germany, Elections and Electoral Systems and Party Governments and Institutional Change.