This book discusses how the extension of voting rights beyond citizenship (i.e., to non-national immigrants) and residence (i.e., to expatriates) can be interpreted in the light of democratization processes in both Western countries and in developing regions. It does so by inserting the globalization-specific extension of voting rights to immigrants and expatriates within the long-term series of historical waves of democratization. Does the current extension enhance democracy by granting de facto disenfranchised immigrants and emigrants political rights or does it jeopardize the very functioning of democracy by undermining its legitimacy through the removal of territorial and national boundaries? The book offers a preliminary synthesis in a broad comparative perspective covering both alien and external voting rights in Europe, Sub-Saharan Africa and Latin America. It shows that reforms toward more expansive electorates vary considerably and that their effects on the inclusion of migrants largely depend on the specific regulations and the socio-political context in which they operate. The book was originally published as a special issue of Democratization.
1. Beyond citizenship and residence? Exploring the extension of voting rights in the age of globalization
Daniele Caramani and Florian Grotz
2. Morphing the Demos into the right shape. Normative principles for enfranchising resident aliens and expatriate citizens
3. The enfranchisement of citizens abroad: variations and explanations
4. The enfranchisement of resident aliens: variations and explanations
David C. Earnest
5. "Keeping Pandora’s (ballot) box half-shut": a comparative inquiry into the institutional limits of external voting in EU Member States
Derek S. Hutcheson and Jean-Thomas Arrighi
6. Expatriates as voters? The new dynamics of external voting in Sub-Saharan Africa
7. Immigrant enfranchisement in Latin America: From strongmen to universal citizenship
The journal, Democratization, emerged in 1994, during ‘the third wave of democracy’, a period which saw democratic transformation of dozens of regimes around the world. Over the last decade or so, the journal has published a number of special issues as books, each of which has focused upon cutting edge issues linked to democratization. Collectively, they underline the capacity of democratization to induce debate, uncertainty, and perhaps progress towards better forms of politics, focused on the achievement of the democratic aspirations of men and women everywhere.