1st Edition

Vulnerability and Resilience to Violent Extremism An Actor-Centric Approach

    226 Pages
    by Routledge

    This book examines the actors that shape societal dynamics leading to, or preventing, violent extremism from taking roots in their communities, including state representatives, religious institutions, and civil society actors.

    The volume contributes to an emerging stream of research focusing on intra- and inter-group dynamics to explain the emergence and persistence of, or resilience against, violent extremism. It utilises an actor-centric approach, uncovering the landscape of actors that play relevant roles in shaping societal dynamics leading to, or preventing, violent extremism affecting their communities. The analysis builds on new empirical evidence collected in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo, North Macedonia, Serbia, Iraq, Lebanon, and Tunisia. This allows for an innovative comparative perspective on two regions in the European neighbourhood that are rarely studied together, even though they seem to share common patterns of (de-)radicalisation and violent extremism despite their distinct historical, political, and cultural trajectories and relations with the EU. In both regions, the book analyses the roles of and interactions between state, political, religious, and civil society actors in shaping community vulnerability to and/or resilience against violent extremism. Different types of community leaders are equipped with varying levels of authority, trust, legitimacy, and influence over community members. As such, the categories of actors analysed can play either detrimental or beneficial roles, which makes vulnerability and resilience to violent extremism two sides of the same coin.

    This volume will be of much interest to students of countering violent extremism, terrorism, political violence, security studies, and International Relations generally.

    The Open Access version of this book, available at www.taylorfrancis.com, has been made available under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 International license.

    1. Introduction

    Juline Beaujouan, Véronique Dudouet, Maja Halilovic-Pastuovic, Johanna-Maria Hülzer, Marie Kortam, and Amjed Rasheed

    2. Understanding radicalisation, extremism, and resilience: an integrative approach to existing knowledge

    Javier Ruipérez Canales, Josep García Coll, Roberto Muelas Lobato, and Inmaculada Marrero Rocha


    3. State, clientelism, and extremist groups in Serbia: between vulnerability and resilience

    Goran Tepšić and Nemanja Džuverović

    4. State resilience, communities’ vulnerability, and violent extremism in Iraq

    Amjed Rasheed and Juline Beaujouan

    5. Preventing violent extremism in Lebanon: the role of hybrid state institutions

    Rudayna Al-Baalbaky


    6. Building resilience or increasing vulnerability to extremism in communities? Different perspectives on the role of religious actors in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Muamer Hirkić and Sead Turčalo

    7. Vulnerability and resilience to violent extremism in Sunni and Maronite political communities in Lebanon

    Marie Kortam

    8. Influential actors, religiosity, and political power in Tunisia

    Fethi Rekik and Sadok Damak


    9. Ethnopolitical radicalisation in Kosovo: media narratives and civil society response

    Ramadan Ilazi, Ardit Orana, and Dorjeta Rukiqi

    10. Understanding the prevention of radicalisation in North Macedonia: a study of two localities

    Ioannis Armakolas and Bledar Feta

    11. Interactions among government actors and civil society organisations to prevent violent extremism in Lebanon

    Marie Kortam

    12. General conclusion


    Juline Beaujouan is a post-doctoral research fellow with the Peace and Conflict Resolution Evidence Platform (PeaceRep) based at the University of Edinburgh, as well as a senior researcher with Open Think Tank in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq.

    Véronique Dudouet is a senior advisor at the Conflict Transformation Research Department at Berghof Foundation. She was also coordinator of the EU Horizon 2020 research project PAVE from 2020 to 2023.

    Maja Halilovic-Pastuovic is a research fellow at the School of Religion at Trinity College Dublin, where she teaches in the areas of sociology of conflict, race, ethnicity, and identity. She is also a radicalisation expert for the Western Balkans as part of the Radicalisation Awareness Network (RAN).

    Johanna-Maria Hülzer works in the Conflict Transformation Research Department at the Berghof Foundation in Berlin, where she is part of the coordinating team of the PAVE project on community resilience to violent extremism.

    Marie Kortam is an associate researcher at the French Institute of the Near-East (IFPO) in Beirut and a member of the Arab Council for Social Sciences (ACSS). She is also a research fellow at the Fondation Maison des Sciences de l’Homme (FMSH) in Paris, France.

    Amjed Rasheed is a lecturer of Politics and International Relations of the Middle East at Lancaster University in the United Kingdom. He is also a senior researcher at Open Think Tank in Kurdistan, where he specialises in International Relations, Peace and Conflict Studies, and Political Islam.